1202) Analysis Of Turkish-American Relations From 1945 To 2004: Initiatives And Reactions In Turkish Foreign Policy

by Omer Goksel Isyar

Almost all American media, scholars, and politicians talk about the growing anti-Americanism all over the world today.1 Interest on this matter grows up every day. In this paper we will try to examine that anti-American initiatives and reactions in Turkish foreign policy2 essentially exhibit spasmodic and conjuncture characteristics. After 1945, Turkish-American relations are both strengthening and aggravating from time to time; however, general tendency of relations depicts a very positive image. Recently, because of the Iraqi crisis, Turkish reactions against American policies have significantly climbed up. . .

In the 19th century, the commercial (economical) facade of the Turkish-American relations has become dominant. The political relations came into considerations in a concrete way after the Monroe Doctrine in 1823. The American government has begun to perceive the Ottoman Empire as ‘the key of East’.3 The linkages between two states were mainly stationary between two world wars. The primary reason for that was the World Economic Crisis in 1929. The American government has returned to ‘isolation strategy’ during that period and suffered too much economically from that crisis. After World War II, for about 60 years, Turkey has accepted many different foreign policy patterns in its . .



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