1247) Legitimacy Of The Emergence Of Armenian Question Dr Musa Sasmaz

Several researches especially about the emergence of the Armenian question have been so far made. They have been concentrated mainly on this matter from political and historical point of view. They have usually dealt with the state of the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire before and during the war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire in 1877-78, the treaty of St. Stephano and that of Berlin in 18781. This is the usual course one would attempt to do research on such a topic, but in my opinion there is something missed or ignored to examine. The point necessary to add is that the name of the Armenians has been for the first time inserted in an international treaty of St. Stephano and then that of Berlin in 1878. . .

Both treaties have mentioned that the Porte engages to guarantee the securty of the Armenians against the Kurds and the Circassians. Ali historians dealing with this subject have analyzed the stages which played an important role in the emergence of the Armenian question, but failed to question what the Kurds and Circassians had done to the Armenians, which led especially the Russians in St. Stephano or the delegates in the Berlin Congress to have felt themselves bound to put such articles in these treaties. The articles in the treaties have meant that the Kurds and Circassians committed every kind of ravages and massacres against the Armenians, and the delegates were therefore expelled to insert a relevant article in each treaty

The first aim of writing this paper is to analyze what the Kurds and Circassians had or had not done to the Armenians which caused the insertion of an article on behalf of the Armenians and at the expense of the Kurds and Circassians at least morally. The second aim is to reveal the expectations of the armenian clergy submitted to the Foreign Offices of the European Powers and to the Berlin Congress in the form of reform projects for the Armenians. Let's now explain the details taking place before and during the war in 1877-78 which led to the emergence of the Armenian question. During the İstanbul Conference, the British Foreign Minister, Lord Derby, through his ambassador Eliot at İstanbul, asked the Porte that in the extreme case of Russia declaring war against Turkey, the British Government would find it impossible to interfere in defense of the Ottoman Empire. it appears that some other advice of the British Government was given to the Porte to accept the armistice granting the autonomy to Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina . .

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