1333) Republican Perceptions; Time And Gulcemal, John J. Grabowski


Historically, American reaction to new republican or democratic governments has been favorable and even enthusiastic. Did this occur with the establishment of he Turkish Republic in 1923.

Two events seem, at first gancc, to indicate this may have been the case. One was the choice of Mustafa Kemal for the cover of an issue of Time Magazine in 1923. The second was the visit of the Turkish-flag ship 5.5. Gtilcemal to New York in the early 1920s.

Examination of general American press coverage of the Turkish war for independence and the declaration of the Republic indicates otherwise. Negative attitudes toward the Turks abound. In the New York Times old stereotypes persist and enthusiasm for the new Repubic is almost completely. . absent.

Nevertheless, careful analysis of the Time magazine story and press coverage of the Giilcemal's arrival reveals a basis for a more positive understanding of Turkey. Both the story and the coverage of the Giilcemal hint at the importance "modernity" would have in improving American perceptions of the Turkish Republic and also illustrate the critical role public symbols play in the field of diplomacy.


Turkish Image; Turkish War of Independence; the United States-Maritime Relations; Time; Gulcemal

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