The Gallipoli (Gelibolu) campaign took actually place between April and December 1915 in an effort to conquer the Dardanelles from the Turkish Ottoman Empire and thus force it out of the war. Some 60,000 Australians and 18.000 New Zealanders were part of a larger British force.
The picture is rounded out by uprisings in Van, which fell into the hands of the Armenian franctireurs in 1915, and in Mufl, Sassun, Erzincan, Erzurum, Kharput, Sivas, Diyarbakr, Ankara, and Trapezunt, not to mention also within the boundaries of Istanbul itself (Bursa, Yalova, Adapazar ...).
General map of the Battle of the Dardanelles (Çanakkale) which reached a high point in April 1915 but in fact lasted from March through into the autumn and constituted a permanent threat to the security of the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
The right man at the right moment at the right place: Mustafa Kemal (bright uniform) with his absolutely loyal and enthusiastic staff of the 3rd Ottoman Army.
At the end some 26.000 Australians and 7.500 New Zealanders were wounded; and 7.594 Australians and 2.431 NZs were killed. The final death-poll alone at the Gallipoli Campaign: 33.000 allied and 86.000 Ottoman troops died in the eight month fight campaign which achieved none of its objectives.
The Turkish nation who lost about 253.000 men at battle had managed to emerge in honor against the Allied forces. This was the biggest failure of Winston Churchill and of the Allies of course. They had underestimated the military skills of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his brave soldiers.
The allied fleet began bombarding the Turkish batteries at the entrance to the Straits already 3rd November 1914 and it continued intermittently until 12th March 1915. Having failed their own two offensives at the Caucasian front and at Suez the Ottomans were now faced with an offensive by the Allies. From the beginning of 1915 onwards it became evident, from intelligence reports of enemy naval and troop movements that the French and the British Empire forces were assembling on the islands before the Dardanelles - mainly at Imbros.
The 18th March 1915 marks the real beginning of the Dardanelles campaign under the commander Admiral de Robeck.
The mood of the Turkish population of Istanbul reached a low point. First the failures of the Caucasian and Egyptian campaigns and now the threatening situation of the Ottoman capital... Some of the people of Constantinople, also from the remaining Turks, began to talk despondently about the capture of the city as though it had already occurred. Most of the Turks who could afford it or had well situated relatives in Anatolia began to leave for inner Anatolia.
The government prepared two special trains for the Sultan and his entourage while the administration was ready for evacuation to Eskiflehir where the gold of the Ottoman Bank and the state treasure had already been brought.
These days of danger produced two results, one outstanding and one which had to be expected as "normal".
The outstanding event was the reappearance of Enver Pasha, who had kept out of the public eye since his defeat in the Caucasus. All at a sudden, he, the son in law of the Sultan, behaved like a true Ottoman prince. He declared that the Allied forces would never succeed to gain the Dardanelles because the fortifications at the straights were impregnable. His behaviour was absolutely calm and confident and finally Enver was proved right.
"Normal" was the attitude of the Armenian citizens of Constantinople. They were ready to fight - side by side with the Allies while the Greek community waited silently for the outcome of the events. In those days the capital had had around 1.000.000 inhabitants, a little bit more than 55% of them Turks, around 150.000 Greeks and the same amount Armenians, others were Jews, and again 150,000 foreigners (estimates, because the population was counted according to households).
Definitely the number of Turks decreased during the dramatic days in March 1915, while the Armenians prepared themselves for combat, eagerly waiting for the victory of the Allies at the Dardanelles. The Armenians who really pulled the strings, apart from those who sat in Russia, France or Boston were concentrated mainly in Constantinople.
Everything was ready for the decisive coup, just as it had been in Van, which was taken from the Armenians with Russian help on May 17. As early as March 20, the Ottoman governor had informed the government that the Armenian uprising had spread over the whole eastern province. Exactly one month later on April 20, 1915, the governor sent reports of the attack on the Islamic quarters of Van. In these circumstances, the Ottoman government in Istanbul had no other choice than to opt for selfdefence, and to arrest the Armenian ringleaders in the capital and to take them to a secure place.
Some of the Armenian insurgents, the leading figures in the Dashnaksutiun; a party which was also responsible for the incident with the Ottoman Bank and innummerable other atrocities.
24/25th April Australians land at Bay of Anzac in Gallipoli..Their aim: Istanbul. The same day the Ottoman authorities arrest 235 of the most prominent and dangerous ringleaders of the Armenian terror network in the capital. Their dream: to take over power in Istanbul with the help of the British and French invaders. The dream became soon a nigthmare: the Gallipoli battle cost the life of 33.000 Australians and New Zealanders and 83.000 Turks. The Armenians lost their hope to become masters of Istanbul... and more.
Faced by a situation such as this, no government in the world could have acted differently. After the attack on Pearl Harbour, Americans of Japanese extraction who lived thousands of miles from Japan were arrested and taken away to camps in a most humiliating manner; the French did not act any differently towards their German speaking citizens, nor did the Muscovites towards the Volga Germans ... the list could be continued indefinitely.
To say that is not of course to justify high-handed attacks carried out by Ottoman authorities or robber Kurds who vented their aggressions on the helpless refugees, enriching themselves in the process in accord with age-old traditions. It is a grotesque irony that decades later these two parties - ASALA and PKK - were to join forces against Ankara, their only motivation once again to get their hands on the booty, regardless of the human lives lost in the process.
The difference between Turks and Armenians, however, lies in the fact that while the Ottomans intervened wherever possible and passed prison and sometimes death sentences, the Armenians have never made a single condemnation of any of the innumerable mass murders and outrages committed on the Islamic civilian population.
This is a thought that could perhaps be commemorated on April 24. On 18th March (the preparation to take under custody Armenian insurgents had already started) eighteen battleships entered the straits. The fleet included Queen Elizabeth, Lord Nelson, Agamemnon, Inflexible Irresistable and others from Britain the Gauloise, Suffren and the Bovet from France. At first they made good progress, until the Bouvet struck a mine, heeled over, capsized and disappeared in a cloud of smoke. Soon afterwards the Irresistable and Ocean hit mines. The Allied fleet retreated, over 700 men had been killed, three ships had been sunk and three more had been severely damaged...
Artificial limb No. 2:
Franz Werfel´s novel THE FORTY DAYS OF MUSA DAGH
A bestseller serves as a fake bible What means the word "BIBLE"? Undoubted above all "the sacred book of Christianity". But it means also "any book or collection of writings constituting the sacred text of a religion", and, at the same time, "any book considered authoritative in its field". Unfortunately it concerns also Werfel´s "Forty Days of Musa Dagh".
By the way, it´s one of the most macabre after-wits, a paradox in history that the word "bible" origins from ancient Phoenicia´s Byblos from where the papyros was exported; a seaport-town not far from a place called "Musa Dagh", theatre of events which never had happened in the way as described by Armenian forgers
Franz Werfel, born 1890 in Prague, Bohemia, one of the most beautiful towns of Austria-Hungary, was in his best years - when he wrote his novel "The forty days…" which appeared 1933, just the time when Adolf Hitler, his absurd, deserting Austrian compatriot took over power in Germany.
The facts: "… thrilling
novel" is correct. Werfel´s
masterpiece is indeed
thrilling... but it has hardly to
do with reality. This bookcover,
anyhow, reveals exactly
the Armenian lies and unmasks
1. Musa Dagh is not a "vulcano" but a rather harmless chain of hills.
2. Downhill the typical "bloody Turk" with a whip: nonsense.
3. The impression of rapes. We know about a rape, the victim was Lawrence ("Seven Pillars of Wisdom") but...
4. The most typical fraud is the scene with a man and his flag. Acccording to Werfel (victim of Andonian´s deceits) the Armenians got help from the French by hoisting bedsheets(!) "Christians in Need". What a deception. The French fleet had expected a victory of the Armenians and was ready for invasion. The contacts beween the insurgents and their clients were made by wireless radio and not by bedsheets!
and their victim and tool Franz Werfel.
There is hardly another book in world-literature which has brought so many misunderstandings and so much mischief to a nation as Werfels´s "40 Days", with the possible exception of "The Elders of Zion", which brought so much misery over the world of the Jews.
Werfel´s unique, great novel humilated into a primitive Sex & Crime-story by Caroll & Graf Publishers. Whips, brutality, deportation, minarets in the background, heroic gestures… nothing is forgotten to impress the potential reader: Turks are criminals, Armenian innocent heroes. Not one word about the fact that this Edition has been robbed of its sensitive Historical passages. The reader is the victim of a fraud since he is never made aware that he is buying an edition from which the most significant passages have been cut.
This is, however, confirmation of the fact that those behind this censorship - the Armenian Mafia -know full well that Werfel was taken in by publications like those of Morgenthau, Pastor Lepsius, Andonian and others.
The Protestant Churches, so long and so hard fighting for a Protestant Armenian Republic in Eastern Anatolia willingly joined this devilish party. They failed anyhow some fifteen years later they reached a new starting point in their work against Turkey and the Turks. With Werfel´s masterpiece "The 40 Days" an absolutely unique new standard was reached: perfect poetic art combined with perfectly presented biassed historical constructions. Hardly any reader considered the fact that nowhere in the Ottoman Empire the Armenians had a majority.
And the fact that a historic landscape named "Armenia" has absolutely nothing to do with the race or origin of the inhabitants was (and is) forgotten. In "America" live "Americans" with Italian, German, Irish, British, Indian, Chinese or African roots etc. etc.
And in "Armenia" people of Turkish, Iranian, Georgian, Azerbaijanian origin, also a minority of "Haiks" who make just use of the habit to be called "Armenians". When Franz Werfel´s book appeared it had a remarkable echo, right from the beginning. A thriller, pretending to present history!
At first within the German-speaking world and soon later within the entire "educated" reading public where the on dit counts more than knowledge the "40 Days..." became a kind of a new Bible. The message was clear:
"How long, O LORD, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on earth?"
Werfel had chosen this verse (Revelation VI,19) as a motto for his masterpiece. Unfortunately he became
Men and the Commanders of the first platoon of the 8th Company of the Armenian Hintchakian Regiment and the staff of the attached professional Red Cross team: A priviledge which belonged only to the well trained best equipped Armenian insurgents all over the Ottoman Empire, thanks to the funds sponsored by American protestants and Russian imperialists.
Armenians from Musa Dagh on board the French vessel Foudre. Examine their appearance and judge for yourself.
with this motto and his book - the father of Armenian post-war terrorism, which killed not only so many innocent people but also the reputation of a whole nation.
The creation of terror-groups and fanatic murders who blindly killed and killed (remember Orly!") absolutely innocent passengers or Turkish diplomats (remember my friend Erdo¤an Özen) who were born long after the events during World War I was only possible with indoctrination - and the base was always Werfel´s fake story.
The mountain of Moses and the lowlands of Alma and Franz Werfel While rocks and cliffs are indeed a feature of the "mountain of Moses", the general landscape corresponds in no way to the picture that Werfel suggests to his readers. The area is just as unheroic as the truth about the uprising provoked by the French with all the technical means at their disposal. French warships brought the Armenian soldatesca firstly to Suez and then to the Syrian front, but their behaviour resulted in the British and French immediately withdrawing them from active service.
At the end Werfel decided to describe the story (not history!) of an Armenian settlement near the crossroads Damascus-Iskenderun, i. e, Anatolia and Syria.
Armenians should serve as victims, bloody Turks as killers.
Actually Werfel did not definitely mean unscrupulous "Young Turks" and innocent "Haik"... no, Werfel, as a poet and most sensible seismograph already feeling the coming earthquakes, caused by the German Nazis who would start to extinguish the Jewish race, just took the chance. Charade? No. Parable? Yes. At the expense of the Turks…
We cannot understand that Franz Werfel did not investigate a little bit more. He would soon have discovered that the Ottomans had saved lakhs of Jews - around 200 000 - from the terror of the "Catholic kings" in Spain (1494). By the way, again during Hitler´s tyranny some 30.000 German, Austrian, European Jews found a save heaven in Turkey; not a single one was repulsed or handed over to the Nazis despite most severe German threats. (It is a shame for the Swiss authorities how t h e y handled this problem… Jewish property and funds were welcome, but human beings?) But let us come to the point of the "40 Days": When Franz Werfel aimed at the Nazis, calling them "Turks" and the Jews "Armenians" Franz Werfel commited a crime. He commited murder - in
The "Chef´s Armeniens dans Djebel Mousa" on board of the French warship DESAIX, still playing with gun and field glass, still in best mood.
A number of wounded Turkish soldiers travelling on home leave were ambushed and brutally killed by Armenian bands in the vicinity of Kum and Çum, in the district of Lice, Diyarbakr, on July 25, 1915. Borrowed from "Ermeni Âmâl ve Herekât-i Ihtalâliyesi; Tesâvir ve Vesâik”. The Armenian aspirations and revolutionary movements.-Albums No: 1 and 2. 1919.
The book by Oliver Hilmes, WITWE IM WAHN (literally, "Widow in Madness"), looks into Alma Mahler-Werfel's diaries and reveals both her tendency to hysteria and her constantly growing anti-Semitism. This attitude would seem to have been more than just a remnant from the good old days of the Empire, and is on the contrary evidence of her Aryan / Nazi assumption of superiority.
In our cultural-historical consciousness, Alma Mahler-Werfel is a kind of sexual alter ego to such figures as Zemlinsky, Mahler, Kokoschka, Werfel and Gropius, and she is treated as such in Hilmes's study. If one left aside the artists mentioned, the book would read like a cheap paperback account of the life of an intelligent, elegant and sensitive opportunist. But it is also the psychogram of a woman struggling at once for recognition and sexual satisfaction, a salon lady drenched with the transient fragrances of late Romanticism and Impressionism.
German there is the word "Rufmord", murder of one´s reputation - by defaming the name of the Turkish nation, the killing of one´s good name. Sometimes "Rufmord" is worse than murder. It leads easily to further crimes, in our case against Turkey and Turks, up to today.
In his note - or intoduction - to the "40 Days..." Werfel wrote:
"This book was conceived in March of 1929, in the course of a stay in Damascus. The miserable sight of some maimed and famished-looking refugee children, working in a carpet factory. that gave me the final impulse to snatch from the Hades of all that was this incomprehensiible destiny of the Armenian nation."
Finally Werfel remarks that he had selected for his readings in Germany, March 1933 the "historic records of a conversation between Enver Pasha and Pastor Johannes Lepsius".
The source of this "conversation" were the memoirs of a German protestant pastor, a certain Dr. Johannes Lepsius. But how could it come that Werfel, this most sensitive poet, fell into this trap? It seems that the inititive came from his wife, Alma Maria Mahler-Werfel
Alma Werfel was doubtless one of the most fascinating women of her time. She was born in 1879 as the daughter of the Viennese landscape painter E. J. Schindler and grew up in an environment with artists like Gustav Klimt or Alexander Zemlinsky - her composer tutor - and at the age of 22, she married the meanwhile world famous composer Gustav Mahler who dedicated his 8th symphony to Alma. After years of marriage Alma sought refuge with an indefinable amount of (again world famous) lovers, admirers plus husbands like Walter Gropius or Werfel and her relation with Oskar Kokoschka who contributed to her fame with his famous painting "Die Windsbraut" (something like "bride of the wind") but, it fits in this case perfectly, Windsbraut can also be something like a hurricane... and Alma
The camp near Suez of the Armenian combattans from Musa Dagh; young, at best health, ready for the next murderous attack. How said their president
Boghos Nubar 1919: "... les Arméniens dès le début de la guerre, ont eté des belligérants de facto". De facto: they were a war-leading nation
since the beginning of the war. This and the other photographs are from the Musée d´histoire contemporaine, Paris. They are absolutely authentic.
Werfel was such a phenomenon. Die Windsbraut gave also reason for a Hollywood film, describing her turbulent life, her love-affairs and her attractive qualities which she doubtless had. The list of her adorants is sheer endless: Erich Wolfgang Korngold dedicated to her his famous violin concerto, she made friendship(?) with Gabriele d´Annunzio, Toscanini, Arnold Schönberg, Darius Milhaud, Poulenc, Marc Chagall, Thomas Mann, met Bernhard Shaw, liked H. G. Wells, liked Romain Rolland, Auguste Rodin... it´s an endless list of great personalities who all adored this femme fatale. She fascinated men. Unfortunately in her personal life as a mother she was less lucky. Her daughter Anna Maria (from Gustav Mahler) died at the age of five. From Walter Gropius, the famous creator of the "Bauhaus" she had another daughter, Manon, in 1916. She also died at a very young stage. In 1918 she became, still married with Walter Gropius, pregnant by Franz Werfel. The child, named Martin, only lived ten months. A series of personal tragedies. Why is this excurse to failed motherhood and painful pregnancies so important for the background of our problem with Franz Werfel? These facts seem to be the key to the "40 Days of Musa Dagh".
While Werfel himself mentions in his "note" to the book just "famished-looking children, working in an carpet factory" Alma Mahler-Werfel in her memoirs "Mein Leben" (Alma Mahler -Werfel "Mein Leben" Fischer Taschenbuchverlag, ISBN 3-596-20545-x) writes about the days in Damascus, 1929:
"The owner (of this carpet-factory) guided us through his establishment. We walked along the weaver´s looms and everywhere we saw the starved out children, with pale El Greco-faces and over dimensioned dark eyes. They rolled upon the floor, took spools and might, sometimes, have swept the floor.
Franz Werfel asked the owner about these remarkable children. "Oh, these poor creatures, I collect them from the streets and I give them one pisatster per day, so that they should not die from starvation. They are children of Armenians, slaughtered by the Turks. If I do not shelter them, they would die of hunger. Nobody cares for them. They can afford nothing, they are too weak... Werfel and I left the place, nothing from now on seemed to be of importance or beauty..."
This moving moment provokes, beyond any irony, two questions:
How is it possible that AD 1929, fourteen years after the tragic events of 1915, starved out Armenian children, apparently not older than four or five years, could be orphans, begetted 1914, children whose
The poet and his world
Anyhow, to understand Franz Werfel (and his "40 Days") one has to know about his roots and environment. He was born in Prague, 188o, in those happy days capital of the kingdom of Bohemia under the rule of Kaiser Franz Joseph I., king of Bohemia, House of Hapsburg. Werfel, son of a wealthy Jewish glove manufacturer surrounded himself with poets like Franz Kafka ("The Castle", "The Trial") or Rainer Maria Rilke. In 1911 he published his first poetry volume.
Typical for the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy the young poet was, at the beginning of the war, 1914, like other writers and artists transferred to the Military Press Bureau. Werfel never forgot this token of tolerance. By and by Werfel published a series of plays and became as popular as well-to do. But 1929 and the years later his and the public´s conception of world-history reached a new dimension.
In 1915, when the great resettlement of the Armenians began, the railroad lines from central Anatolia ended in Pozant, in the middle of the Taurus Mountains. From there, one had to continue by road to Syria. It was not until 1916 that the Germans were able to complete the railroad to Aleppo.
From Pozant on, all travelers had to walk or use wagons. The transportation of military supplies was also accomplished with the simplest of means.
(The photo shows troops on their way across the Taurus Mountains to Syria.) parents were "slaughtered by Turks" AD 1915??
And: Who made money out of these poor children? Who let them work for one piaster a day in a carpet factory? A Turk? Or an Armenian slave-owner?
The reason, why Alma Werfel was so moved when she saw these poor children we explained already. She had lost three of her four children and when the Werfels were at Damascus she was already far beyond the age of another motherhood. Anyhow, she could somehow substitute her personal tragedy with the doubtless tragic story of the Armenians who were victims of their own fanatic leaders.
There is little difference between the Taliban of today and the ASALA, the Dashnaks and all the other fanatics, including the Nazis, who put their race or racism and nationalism beyond any reasonable thought. And, again beyond reasonable fact-finding until our days nobody cares for the horrible fate of the Turks and their children who suffered much more than the Armenians under the circumstances of 1915 and later... the death-toll Muslims: Armenians counts 3:1 in a civil war which was instigated, again beyond any doubt, by the Armenian fanatics.
Such a man as Dr. Joseph Goebbels had no trouble recognizing how dangerous Franz Werfel was ... and his book of course ended up being burned in public, in accordance with a practice which only testifies to the low character of the many regimes and potentates who have resorted to it: it was the fate of the works of Arius and Savonarola, and also of the Papal bull Exurge Domine when it was burnt by Martin Luther. But the censoring of Franz Werfel's masterpiece was a particularly perfidious kind of book-burning, for while it was in public praised to the (Armenian) skies, in secret it was cut, falsified and meddled with.
Today, however, precisely the passages cut from the original provide the knowledgeable reader with proof of the deception to which Werfel fell victim when writing his masterpiece.
Adolf Hitler, this uneducated jobless Austrian who hated nothing more than the Hapsburgs and the Hebrews gained more and more power in Germany. One of the secrets of his success was his ardent, fanatical fight against everything Jewish (although exactly these people had helped him to survive during his needy years in Vienna where he had spent his life in an alms-house.)
When the Nazis occupied Austria (1938) Werfel went to Paris, where he became one of the best cooperators of Austria´s young emperor Otto von Habsburg (son of Charles I.), in these days the only one who fought with a handful of friends against the Nazi-aggression and for the renaissance of an independent Austria. From Paris Werfel and his wife could escape to America, just like Otto von Habsburg and his family. Werfel could establish himself again as a great writer. "The Song of Bernadette" e, g. ... nearly one million of copies sold, alone 20th Century Fox bought the rights for US$125 000! And the film again became a world success.) Unfortunately a book like the "Song of Bernadette" which deals with the miracles of Lourdes, a book which brought total credibility within the Christian world contributed also to his authenticity as an attorney of the Armenian case.
He died in his villa in Beverly Hills, August 1945, his grave is in Vienna´s Zentralfriedhof.
They followed just an appeal for rescue: With the most modern equipment of those days the French fleet had been alarmed that the Armenians of Musa Dagh had failed to conquer the road between Anatolia and Syria which would have cut the Ottoman Empire into two pieces. As soon as it was clear that the Armenian revolt on Musa Dagi had been a failure, the French rescue fleet, consisting of five battleships and one transport ship, appeared in the Bay of Samanda¤ and evacuated the Armenian mercenaries.
Around 4.000 young men were transferred to Suez and Cyprus from where, after continued military training, they once more fought against Turkey.
The French fleet consisted of the warship Guichen, Desaix, Jeanne D´Ark, D´Estres, Foudre and the transporter Charner. If anyone can be described as "helpless" in this case, then it was the Ottomans, as they had not a single warship at their disposal nor were they prepared for an internal fight against their
The real power of the Armenians: better education, motivation, obligation, nation. A. C. Swinburne remarked, perhaps these or similar pictures in mind a century ago: "Not with dreams but with blood and with iron shall a nation be moulded at last." What a tragic word, what a horrible result...
own Armenian citizens, who had led not only a peaceful but also an extremely prosperous life under their rule.
If we seek evidence in Werfel´s work for these facts we have to read - unbelievable but a fact -those parts of the book, which do not appear in his book, at least not in the latest English and French editions.
At any rate the Armenian mafia has already made I fine job. Werfels "40 Days..." had, in their hands, to undergo a true "purgatorium"... they clent the book from all passages which could create doubts at the reader or any historian. Let us forget many of the "minor" omitments, although they are all typical and fit in a pattern to make Werfel´s statements as plausible as possible.
If, for instance Werfel goes to very far to describe Enver Pasha as a kind of travestite who loves his female hands and his cufflinks more than the words of the great (falsificator) Pastor Lepsius, they delete these words. But although typical, it is not essential.
The truth behind the story is: Did the Armenians start a civil war right in the days when the Russian army advanced towards Van? This is the point.
Now, carefully reading the words of Franz Werfel (translated from the original German edition) we receive the inner message of the falsifications Werfel had fallen victim. He writes about the preliminary victory of the well equipped Armenians from Musa Dagh:
"Therefore a war ending in defeat often means a set back of such races for decades whereas other peoples less military-minded are able to overcome military misfortune far more easily and more productively. But the most horrible humiliation for a belligerent upper class is to be taught in a bloody lesson by an "inner enemy", i. e. an inferior minority ..."
Excuse me for this intermission but we hear now something so sensational that it has to be announced in a proper way: "... i e. an inferior minority oriented to trade, the crafts, and education."
Armenians from Musa Dagh Reinforcements for the Armenian "Légion d'Orient" in Suez. The thoroughly able-bodied men were intended to be trained up and put into action on the Syrian front, but were in fact soon withdrawn from active service on account of their notorious cruelty and cowardice. All that was left at the end of the day was - as usual - a myth, bereft of any factual foundation. Several thousand Armenians from Musa Dagh Reinforcements for the Armenian "Légion d'Orient" in Suez. The thoroughly able-bodied men were intended to be trained up and put into action on the Syrian front, but were in fact soon withdrawn from active service on account of their notorious cruelty and cowardice. All that was left at the end of the day was - as usual - a myth, bereft of any factual foundation. Several thousand fighters from Musa Dagh were trained in Egypt and Cyprus... but their behavior was so cruel and shameless that France and England decided to call them back from service at the front.
fighters from Musa Dagh were trained in Egypt and Cyprus... but their behavior was so cruel and shameless that France and England decided to call them back from service at the front.
Back to the "40 Days..." and the reason of the civil war. Werfel says that the Turkish defeats in Urfa and Van were of less importance for the Turks than this minor and temporary defeat at Musa Dagh "because these (Van, Urfa) were very populous Armenian towns whose insurrection was under the banner of the Russian advance." True! "From the foreign policy angle, the desperate appeal of Van was even highly welcome in view of the advancing enemy of the Empire because, before the eyes of the world, it supplied the best possible excuse to justify, a posteriory, the crimes against the Armenian Millet very convincingly. There you have clear proof that the Armenians are traitors and that we have to free ourselves from them. The raison d´etat has never considered it too important to make a gracious turn from cause to effect. The bad conscience of the world, too lazy to think, the press of the groups in power and readers´ distorted brain always turned and understood matters only the way they wanted them. In certain places one could write with indignition, and read with even greater indignition, about the matter of Van: Yes, the Armenians have risen in arms against the Ottoman leading nation which is involved in a serious war, and have defeated to the Russians".
Remark: It was not only a serious war (which war is not serious?) but a war of survival fought at the frontiers of Suez, Sinai, Mekka and Medina, Basra and Baghdad, the Dardanelles, the shores of the Black Sea, Eastern Anatolia, the Caucasus...
"The Vilayets inhabited by Armenians therefore have to be freed from that people by deportation" Similar statements could be read in their Turkish announcements, but not the reverse which was the truth: "In despair about the deportation, started long before, the Armenians of Van and Urfa defended themselves against the Turkish military power until they were rescued by the advancing Russians".
The fact that the clever Armenians or their servants deleted this fundamental original passage in their translation has a reason: It is absolutely clear that the Armenians of Van started the insurrection behind the Ottoman lines already in February 1915, waiting for the Russian offensive. Before the Russians had reached Van they had already extinguished the whole Muslim (Turks and Kurds alike) population of Van with all the neighboring villages. Meanwhile there is also archeological evidence of these mass-murders as countless mass-graves with Muslim victims have been spotted, excavated and identified.
The initial signal was given by the Armenians, well equipped, young and powerful. The Turks defended
My dear departed friend, Franz Werfel, who wrote that book, "The 40 Days at Moussa Dagh", never was in that region to investigate what he wrote. He wrote it as his Armenian friends in Vienna had told him. Before his death, Werfel told me that he felt ashamed and contrite for having written the book and for the many falsehoods and fabrications the Armenians had foisted on him. But he dared not confess publicly for fear of death by the Dashnag terrorists.
A grotesque picture from the training camp of the "Legionaries" on the Suez Canal. I discovered these photos in the museum at the Invalides, Paris, in time, before the Armenian mafia could affect their disappearance ... just as they have done with so many other documents and pictures before.
Musa Dagh, the ship´s gun of the GUICHET and Armenian insurgents, fresh, healthy, ready for the next fight. No trace of hunger, exhaustion. The Armenian revolt at the probably most vulnerable point of the Ottoman Empire between Anatolia and Syria was in each detail with the help of the French best prepared. The real victims -nobody speaks about them -were the Turkish farmers of Samanda¤ and their families.
their lands at the frontiers, leaving behind aging people, gendarms beyond any fighting power or ability. Thanks God the triumph of the Armenians was documented by themselves, photographs and reports were sent to the Entente-magazines. There is no doubt about the origin of the calamities and one - just one, but an important one - is the fact that the Armenian mafia wanted to get rid of Werfel´s statement concerning Van.
The bed-sheets of the Musa Dagh-fighters
A poet is a poet and a novelist a novelist. But how can bed-sheets be a message for a battleship, cruising somewhere in the Mediterranean?
Let us imagine the situation: Armenians from Musa Dagh take some white(?) bed-sheets and write in big letters (in that situation: from where the colors, the ink?) CHRISTIANS IN NEED! and expose these textiles at the beach. Now, what a miracle: A French fleet, headed by the Jeanne d´ Arc appears all at a sudden at the shores of Musa Dagh, frees the poor Armenians and disappears. The story is so childish that it is impossible to take the CHRISTANS IN NEED as a fact. The truth is that the entire insurrection of Musa Dagh was well prepared by the Armenians and the Entente. The aim was, to cut the Ottoman Empire into two pieces, separating Anatolia from Syria and the Suez. They were equipped with the most modern wireless of those days to communicate with the French fleet which stood in waiting-position near Musa Dagh, ready for operation.
The "poor, miserable and starving Armenians" proved immediately after their rescue that they were powerful young fighters and the French and the British made immediately after their transfer to Suez and Cyprus practical use of them. They fought within Armenian battalions and they were fighting in such a way against the Ottomans that the French and British authorities withdrew them from the front because their behavior was intolerable.
Anyhow, Werfel´s novel is a masterpiece, a gem in the crown of world literature. But it is at the same time shameless fiction, a story which paved the way for Armenian terrorism and aggression until today. It delivered the absurd raison d´ etre of a nation which can not survive without the backbone of martyrdom, while they are the most aggressive nation of our age as we can witness their crime and crimes against Azerbaijan. In that sense the "40 Days of Musa Dagh" is not a bible, but a pamphlet, finally not better than Hitlers "Mein Kampf". It´s a peak of absurdity. Because Werfel and his - our - world fell victim of this pamphlet too.
Back to the "40 Days": Doubtless the poet Werfel had a foreboding presentiment of evil. Towards the end of the twenties, at the beginning of Hitler’s incredible rise... what should he do? Searching for a story his wife Alma remembered a visit to an Armenian carpet-factory in Damascus, where he had seen Armenian orphans working at the weaver´s looms. Armenian go-betweens immediately recognizing that they got a turn provided him with "material", stuff which consisted of Aram Andonians "documents".
fiinasi Orel and Süreyya Yuca published at the beginning of the eighties a blue-book "The Talat Pasha Telegrams - Historical fact or Armenian fiction" (K. Rustem &Brother, Levkosa, ISBN 9963-565-07-7) where they precisely disprove the Armenian allegations. They write: "For many years a campaign has been directed against Turkey with the claim that Armenians were "massacred" by the Ottoman Government during the First World War.
After the Second World War the term "Genocide" was added to these "massacre" charges, with the intention of bringing to mind the Nazi holocaust of European Jewry... Immediately following the First World War... the claim was advanced to ensure that a share of the Ottoman territories... would be set aside for the Armenians."
As we know, powers love the treason but never the traitors and the Armenians were all at a sudden empty-handed. In this situation an unknown Armenian named Aram Andonian produced a collection of "official papers" under the title The memoirs of Naim Bey: Turkish official documents relation which to the deportations and Massacres of Armenians" which should brand mark the Turks as a nation of murderers, not worthy to hafiinasi Orel und Süreyya Yuca unmasked Andonian´s claim that Armenians were "massacred" by the Ottomans. The authors compiled the forged "historical" documents. They are indeed "historical" in the sense of a unique effort to betray world opinion.
Talat Pasha, the former grand vizier and Ottoman-Turkish minister of the interior was shot by the Armenian student Soghomon Tehlirian on March 15, 1921, in Berlin. To the amazement of all those following the trial, the assassin was acquitted at the Berlin court of law. The jury came up with the paradoxical statement that it was not the murderer but the victim himself who was guilty of the deed: Talat Pasha, they claimed, had been responsible for the deportation of the Armenians.
Part of the Armenian cemetery at Musa Dagh: The sarcophagi stem from 1923. Until today there is a rather prosperous Armenian community at Musa Dagh. Who was responsible for the tragic events of 1915? Not the Ottomans but the Armenian warlords, useful idiots of their French, English an Russian puppeteers. ve a state of their own.
Andonian published this work 1920 in Paris, London and Boston and distributed it worldwide in French, English and Armenian. "Since that day these "documents were the backbone of their claims" writes fiinasi Orel in his book "and until recent no one had subjected Andonians falsifications".
But with the scientific approach of fiinasi Orel and Süreyya Yuca to unmask this typical Armenian forgery, more than half of a century too late, Andonians fame ended in shame. In the book of Orel and Yuca we find an initial remark, an excuse by the noble authors who did not want to blame their government(s) "Turkey, the modern Republic, had more important things to do than deal with Armenian propaganda". I doubt. In my opinion it would have been one of the most important tasks of the Turkish authorities to blame the Armenians immediately after the appearance of these "papers". Actually the were no papers at all, all what Andonian had to show were photographic reproductions. They disappeared meanwhile, and as good as all copies of this forgery have been removed from public libraries in order to hide the truth about the falsifications.
Unfortunately Werfel got these "documents", a fact, which can be easily demonstrated by several passages in his book, e. g. when he describes the moment of Talat´s decision to extinguish the Armenian race:
"The same forthright and stumpy fingers (of Talat Pasha) had composed that order sent out to the walis and mutessarifs: The goal of these deportations is annihilation."
These dramatic words fit perfectly with Andonian ´s fake papers where, already in "document No 1 the word appears: "Of course the Government will give the necessary instructions about their necessary massacres to the Governors "and the next document states, by November 18, 1915, "It is the duty of all of us to effect on the broadest lines the realisation of the noble project of wiping out of existence the Armenians..."
For sure one has to read this nonsense twice before believing that a forger could have expressed such humbug after Turks, Muslims and others had lived together for nearly a millennium.
But Werfel took it - did he take it really? - for truth. I think that he finally considered his real aim, the fight against the rising Nazis for more important than these old stories about the Ottoman Empire which did not exist anymore. For sure he did not expect that the Armenians would take his fictions for the base of her terror against Turkish diplomats and so many others who had in no way to do with these allegations. For sure he did not xpect that his novel will became the basement of that what is called in Germen "RUFMORD" - character assassination.
"Rufmord" means perhaps even more, because "Ruf" means one´s reputation, credibility, honor... and "Mord" is "murder". The old DAMNITIO MEMORIAE might have been more tolerant. Meanwhile Werfel´s novel became a kind of public general opinion, is considered as a "historical fact" and not as a great "story" which has hardly to do with "history". It seems that zombies, those "revived corpses" like Morgenthau, Aram and Hagop Andonian or Pastor Johannes Lepsius will reign some time more... but, finally, in the light of bright sunshine, they will vanish.
A Gang of Forgers
Henry Morgenthau (1856-1946), lawyer, real estate developer, was United States ambassador to the Ottoman Empire during the Armenian "Genocide." Hoping to get the United States involved in the war, the ambassador freely accepted at face value any and all reports critical of the Turks, as they arrived from the network of U.S. consuls, relying mainly on the claims of Armenians and missionaries. It didn't help that Morgenthau had an unabashed, racist dislike for Turks, looking upon them as inferior beings... and
Henry Morgenthau (1856-1946), lawyer, real estate developer, was United States ambassador to the Ottoman Empire during the Armenian "Genocide." Hoping to get the United States involved in the war, the ambassador freely accepted at face value any and all reports critical of the Turks, as they arrived from the network of U.S. consuls, relying mainly on the claims of Armenians and missionaries. It didn't help that Morgenthau had an unabashed, racist dislike for Turks, looking upon them as inferior beings... and outraged that any Christian should be ruled by such a subhuman race - a view shared by many of his contemporaries... including most of his Consuls.
Hagop Andonian was Ambassador Morgenthau's right hand man who may have played a significant part in making up "Ambassador Morgenthau's Story." He apparently typed the transcript called "Diary," among the collections of Morgenthau papers. Likewise, he probably also prepared the lengthy weekly letters to members of Morgenthau's family. The American ambassador wrote that this relieved him "of all responsibility for any error," and these were the writings that formed the basis of the book. Morgenthau further wrote that his secretary's services were "indispensable."
Aram Andonian, writer and forger, who had separately published a 1920 book ("The Memoirs of Naim Bey") in three languages (English, French and Armenian), either referred to or printed socalled "documents" that he attributed to the Ottoman leaders, principally to Talat Pasha... never being able to show the originals of the so-called "documents," later claiming to have "lost" them. While the victors of the First World War were searching all corners for such documents to accuse the Ottoman leaders, then detained in the Island of Malta, they chose not to assess the "telegrams" fabricated by Andonian. Aram Andonian eventually admitted, in a letter (July 26, 1937) to an Armenian lady (Mary Terzian) residing in Geneva (Switzerland) that his book was not a historical piece, but a propaganda work, and that others used it freely in the way that they preferred.
outraged that any Christian should be ruled by such a subhuman race - a view shared by many of his contemporaries... including most of his Consuls.
Although Jewish, Morgenthau fancied himself a hero of Christians, as evidenced by his continued articles for the Armenian cause (especially in his succeeding role as Vice-Chairman of Near East Relief, an organization that vilified the Turks in order to raise money... becoming the most successful charity in American history) and by his egoistical decision to appear in the 1919 film, RAVISHED ARMENIA, as himself. (In his book, the superior American tells Talat Pasha that his "affairs are too important to be trifled with," after which Talat buckles under.) He allowed his Armenian secretary to elaborate on his own writings, further suggesting doing so would let him off the hook for "any error." A ghost writer scribed the commercially popular "Ambassador Morgenthau's Story," which deviated, at times significantly, from the letters and diaries it was based on; the book is still referred to as one of the big bits of evidence for the "Genocide," complete with presenting the made-up quotes by Turkish officials as authentic. The book contains many racist lines such as, "The Turks, like most primitive peoples, wear their emotions on the surface..."; no wonder the Armenians hero-worship this man.
Andonian followed his boss to America, and was a guest at Morgenthau's dinner table and even a sometime movie companion; eligible for the draft in 1918, Morgenthau got him out by insisting his friend's services were indispensable for the writing of his book. Andonian might have been related to fellow maker-upper Aram Andonian, as it has been speculated "Andonian" is not that common a name in the Armenian community.
Anyhow, to understand Franz Werfel (and his "40 Days") one has to examine the author's roots and his environment. Werfel was born in Prague in 1880, which was in those fortunate days capital of the kingdom of Bohemia, under the rule of
The Forgeries of Aram Andonian and Johannes Lepsius
In the First World War, the Ottoman Empire fought on the side of the Central Powers - Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria - against the Entente powers - England, France and their allies. At least since that time, the Ottomans have been accused of a conscious policy of extermination towards their Armenian minority.
During the war, such accusations belonged to the standard repertoire of war propaganda, as used by all nations in all times. In the case of the Ottomans and their Turkish heirs, however, events took a more dramatic course than usual.
The virulent attacks on Turkey did not let up. On the contrary, the Ottomans were soon being accused of massacre, and after the Second World War the word became genocide. The intention here was obviously to draw a parallel between the fate of the Armenians in the turmoil of the First World War and Hitler's extermination policies towards the Jewish people.
Kaiser Franz Joseph I., belonging to the House of Habsburg. Werfel, who was the son of a wealthy Jewish glove manufacturer was surrounded by poets like Franz Kafka ("The Castle", "The Trial") or Rainer Maria Rilke. In 1911 he published his first poetry volume.
The young poet was transferred to the Military Press Bureau like other writers and artists, which was typical for the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, at the beginning of the war in 1914. Werfel never forgot this token of tolerance. By and by Werfel published a series of plays and became as popular as well-to do. But starting in 1929 his and the public ´s conception of world-history reached a new dimension.
Adolf Hitler, this uneducated jobless Austrian, who hated nothing more than the Habsburgs and the Jews, gained more and more power in Germany. One of the secrets of his success was his ardent, fanatical fight against everything Jewish (although exactly these people had helped him to survive during his needy years in Vienna where he had spent his life in an alms-house).
When the Nazis occupied Austria in 1938, Werfel went to Paris. Later he became one of the best co-operators of Austria´s young heir to the crown Otto von Habsburg (son of Charles I.). Otto von Habsburg was in those days the only one, who together with a handful of friends fought against the Nazi-aggression and the renaissance of an independent Austria. Later Werfel and his wife could escape from Paris to America, just like Otto von Habsburg and his family did.
Werfel, again, could establish himself as a great writer. His novel "The Song of Bernadette" sold nearly one million copies. 20th Century Fox bought the rights for US$125 000 to make a movie! Just like the novel, the film became a world success, too. Unfortunately a book like "The Song of Bernadette", which deals with the miracles of Lourdes, a book, which brought a complete credibility within the Christian world, contributed also to Werfel's authenticity as an advocate of the Armenian case.
Pastor Johannes Lepsius (1858- 1926) one of the stylites for the anti-Turkish Armenian mafia. Until recent years he was the last resort for them, after the total unmasking of Andonian, Morgenthau & Co. Meanwhile we know that also Lepsius was an unscrupulous manipulator. (Read: Cem Özgönül´s documentation "Der Mythos eines Völkermordes") The damage, created by Lepsius is beyond description as also Franz Werfel fell victim to Lepsius´ falsifications.
The basis for the accusations against the Ottomans (and later against the Turks) was a book written by Aram Andonian in 1920, The Memoirs of Nairn Bey: Turkish Official Documents Relating to the Deportations and Massacres of Armenians — in French, Documents Officiels concernant les mass acres armeniens. He published his book simultaneously in Paris, London, and Boston - in English, French, and Armenian. Ever since then, these "Documents" have formed the backbone and the basis of all Armenian accusations against the Ottomans and their Turkish heirs. Aram Andonian claims to have met an Ottoman official by the name of Nairn Bey in Aleppo, after the entry of the British. This official supposedly passed the papers with the death orders to Andonian. Without going any further into the serious differences between the French and English editions of these "Documents Officiels", it must be said that after having studied both editions it is no longer clear whether these are supposed to be the memoirs of Nairn Bey or of Aram Andonian. In the text of the English edition, there are altogether forty-eight "official Ottoman documents" scattered through the book. These are attributed to the following persons and institutions:
Person/Organization Number of documents
Minister of the Interior Talat Pasha 30
Director of the Settlement Commission
of Aleppo, Abdülahad Nuri Bey 8
Governor of Aleppo, Abdulhalik Bey 3
Committee of Union and Progress
(the government party at the time, to
which Enver and Talat Pashas also belonged 2
Minister of War Enver Pasha 1
Ministry of the Interior 1
Governor of the region Deir es Zor, 1
Governor of the region Antep, Zeki Bey 1
Ahmed Bey Unknown 1
Not all of these "documents" are complete. Sometimes the date is missing, sometimes the serial number, occasionally both. All in all, exactly half are lacking in some way. The originals of the papers copied by Andonian were never seen. Photographs of fourteen "documents" appear in his books. When asked for the originals, he claimed they were lost. Not a single one of the documents reproduced by Andonian can be found today. They were probably destroyed to make it more difficult to prove that they were forgeries.
Andonian made so many mistakes in preparing the papers, however, that it is possible to prove with absolute certainty that they were forgeries, even without the originals.
The simplest, absolutely irrefutable proof of the forgery involves Andonian's incorrect use of calendar information. To give just one example, Andonian has the governor of Aleppo signing documents at a time when he had not yet been named to the post and was still living in Istanbul. Naturally, for his forgeries Andonian used the Rumi calendar, which was in use in the Ottoman Empire at the time. The Rumi (Roman) calendar of the Ottomans was a special variation on the common Islamic calendar, which takes the Hegira (Mohammed's emigration from Mecca to Medina in 622 A. D.) as a starting point. Because it used lunar years, it was only necessary to subtract 584 years to convert from the Gregorian to the Rumi year. 1987 A. D., for example, would be 1403 on the Rumi calendar. There is another trick, however. In addition to the 584 years, one also has to figure in a difference of thirteen days. Moreover, the Rumi calendar began on March 1. That meant that the last two months of the Rumi calendar (January and February) were already the first months of the Christian calendar.
The correct date - according to the Christian calendar - for these last two months of the Rumi calendar is obtained by adding 584 plus one year. An example:
January 5 of the year 1331 (Rumi) corresponds to January 18, 1916 (1331+584+1 and 13 days).
That, however, is still not all the tricks. As mentioned above, the Ottoman year always began on March 1. In February 1917, the difference of thirteen days between the Rumi and Gregorian calendars was eliminated in order to facilitate conversion. The difference of 584 years remained unchanged, however.
Thus, February 16, 1332 (February 1917) suddenly became March 1, 1333 (March 1, 1917 A. D.). At the same time, the year 1333 (1917) was made into a year with only ten months, running from March 1 to December 31.
January 1, 1334 thus became January 1, 1918 A. D. (Note: the Turkish Republic adopted the Gregorian calendar in 1925, so that the Rumi year 1341 became 1925 A.D.) These calendar technicalities may seem very complicated and uninteresting. They are, however, of tremendous importance in connection with The Forty Days of Musa Dagh and the forgeries of Aram Andonian, which at first fooled Franz Werfel.
In considering the dating (and the sequential numbering) of the "Andonian papers" and the authentic documents, one must also keep in mind that the numbering of the incoming and outgoing documents always began with March 1 (1333 Rumi = 1917 A. D.) and continued sequentially through February 28 (the last day of the Rumi year). It was then "New Year's" once again on March 1.
In forging the most important of his "documents", which he called Number 1, Aram Andonian already committed a serious error. Here is the text of the most important part of this "document": Document No. 1
"In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful, To the delegate at Adana, Jemal Bey.
February 18, 1331 (March 2, 1916). (Note: This is the date which appears on Andonian's original Turkish 'document'. See below for discrepancies in the
French and English editions.)
The only force in Turkey that is able to frustrate the political life of the ‹ttihad and Terakki (Committee of Union and Progress) is the Armenians. From news which has frequently been received lately from Cairo, we learn that the Dashnaktsutiun is preparing a decisive attack against the Jemiet." After a short transition, the alleged "Document No. 1"
comes to the following conclusion: "The Jemiet has decided to save the fatherland from the ambition of
A letter forged by Aram Andonian with the date, February 18, 1331 (March 2, 1916). The letter opens with a "Bismillah" (blessing), which would never have been written by a Muslim. The forger, Andonian, made his most fatal mistake with the date, however. He was obviously not well enough versed in the tricks of converting to the Rumi year of the Ottomans, where a difference of thirteen days between the Rumi and Gregorian calendars must be taken into account. The date he put on the letter was off by a full year. Instead of 1330 (1915), he wrote 1331 (1916). The contents of the letter are supposed to be evidence of the long advance planning of the resettlement operation of 1915.
A murder weapon in the hands of the forger, Andonian: a Morse telegraph of that period.
this cursed race, and to take on its own patriotic shoulders the stain which will blacken Ottoman history. The Jemiet, unable to forget all old scores and past bitterness, full of hope for the future, has decided to annihilate all Armenians living in Turkey, without leaving a single one alive, and it has given the Government a wide scope with regard to this. Of course the Government will give the necessary injunctions about the necessary massacres to the Governors ..."
After some further details, the "document" ends with an unreadable signature.
For the sake of completeness, is should also be mentioned that this key letter in Andonian's collection of documents is dated February 18, 1331 (February 18, 1915) in the original French version of his book, but bears the date February 8, 1331 (March 25, 1915) in the English version. The original Turkish text, however, clearly bears the date February 18, 1331. Let us recall: according to the rules of calendar conversion, February 18, 1331 corresponds to March 2, 1916. (1916 was a leap year, so February had 29 days).
It does not correspond to February 18,1915, as in the French translation, nor to March 25, 1915, as in the English translation. In other words, Aram Andonian should have written 1330 instead of 1331 if he wanted to forge the correct date. A letter written on March 2, 1916 can hardly have brought about events that are supposed to have occurred nine months earlier!
Anyone who thinks that this might have just been an accident, a mistake on the official's part, will be set straight by "Document No. 2" in Andonian's collection. The second letter in his collection should naturally have been dated March 25, 1332 (April 7, 1916), but in fact bears the date March 25, 1331. It is quite clear that the forger simply knew too little about the Ottoman calendar and overlooked these tricky details in converting.
The Turkish historians fiinasi Orel and Sürreya Yuca published an extensive scientific work in 1983 concerning the forgeries of Aram Andonian. They follow up on all the details (there are hundreds) of the unsuccessful forgeries. These range from dates and counterfeit signatures to trans mogrified greetings such as "Bismillahs", which no Muslim would ever have dared to write.
A particularly insidious section of the forged Andonian papers deals with the "broadening of the massacre" – in particular to include children. This section is brilliantly done from a psychological standpoint. One "document" of this type reads as follows:
Document No. 4 Deciphered copy of a ciphered telegram of the Ministry of the Interior. No. 502, September 3, 1331 (September 16, 1915).
"We recommend that the operations which we have ordered you to make shall be first carried out on the men of the said people (the Armenians), and that you shall subject the women and children to them also. Appoint reliable officials for this.
The Minister of the Interior,
To Abdülhalad Nuri Bey. September 5. Have you met with the commandant of the gendarmerie?
Aside from the fact that the governor's signature is clearly (and crudely) forged, Andonian was sloppy and let another blunder slip through in composing this telegram. No "Governor Mustafa Abdülhalik" could possibly have had anything to do with an administrative act in Aleppo on September 3 or September 5. The governor of Aleppo at that time was Bekir Sami Bey. Mustafa Abdülhalik was still in Istanbul at the beginning of September. He took office in Aleppo on October 10, 1915. There is indeed a telegram from September 3, 1331 in the Ottoman archives addressed to the governor of Aleppo, Bekir Sami Bey. At any rate, it bears the serial number 78 and not Andonian's fantasy number 502. It appears that Franz Werfel, in writing The Forty Days of Musa Dagh, was especially moved by Andonian's chapter on "The Broadening of the Massacre". It was no longer just the men who were to be killed (according to Andonian's forgeries). Now, the women and children were to be put to death as well. Twelve of Andonian's "documents" deal with this issue. Five of them are supposed to be from Talat Pasha himself. Fortunately, these telegrams were especially easy to expose as crude forgeries, based on several criteria (date, signature, names, serial number).
Franz Werfel was at first completely convinced by the forgeries of Aram Andonian. He undoubtedly also believed the stories of his circle in Vienna, who supplied him with reports of "the crimes of the Turks". It is thus understand able that he passes judgement on the Mevlevi dervishes without having any clear idea of Islamic mysticism or the objectives of the dervish order of the Mevlevi. Occasionally Franz
The forged signature of Governor Mustafa Halik, who had not even been named to his post yet at the time Andonian had him "signing".
A page of an old calender, multi-cultural and multi-lingual as the Ottoman Empire presented life-style: No surprise that the crook Andonian was caught in his own trap...
Werfel's comments are clearly in tended (by his informants) to appeal to certain instincts. One example is when he is speaking of Ottoman Minister of War Enver Pasha and calls him a "vain playboy of the Ottoman Empire". Another example follows a description of the meditation exercises of the Mevlevi dervishes, where Werfel writes, "The love-celebration here below him did not come out of the mind, the spirit, but out of these wild contortions of the body," – as if the harmonious movements of the whirling Mevlevi dervishes had anything whatsoever to do with "wild contortions"! But in light of the monumental task that Franz Werfel had set for him self, all this might well be overlooked.
Franz Werfel knew that he had been taken in by forgeries Abraham Sou Sever is a Sephardic Jew, born in Izmir, Turkey, before World War I. He later emigrated to the United States and now lives in California.
Abraham Sou Sever has filed a written Deposition and Testimonial in which he tells the truth about the Armenians' "genocide" claims and their propaganda methods from his own personal life experiences and knowledge. Particularly significant is his testimony on Franz Werfel. Mr. Sever's notarized deposition has been transmitted to research institutions in the United States as part of a writ ten and oral history collection on the Armenian claims for a genocide. Here is what Mr. Sever has to say about Franz Werfel and the events which took place on Musa Dagh: "Moussa Dagh (Mount Moussa), if the truth be known, is the best evidence of the Armenian duplicity and rebellion. Fifty thousand Armenians, all armed, ascended the summit of that mountain after provisioning it to stand siege. Daily sallies from that summit of armed bands attacked the rear of the Ottoman armies, and disappeared into the mountain.
When the Ottomans finally discovered the fortification the Armenians had prepared, they could not assault and invade it. It stood siege for 40 days, which is a good indication of the preparations the Armenians had made surreptitiously under the very nose of the Ottoman Government. Nor was it ever explained that the rebellion of the Armenians had been fostered, organized, financed, and supplied with arms and munitions by the Russians. Leaders of the Armenian revolutionary organization DASHNAGTZOUTIUN have since admitted to have been seduced by Russia with promises of independence and a New Armenia. They have admitted that they were financed and armed by Russia. They have admitted that bands of Armenian revolutionaries had been organized to sabotage and interfere with the Ottoman armies defending their homeland, even before the Ottoman Government had entered the war against Russia. The thousands who occupied the summit of Moussa Dagh for 40 days escaped by descending the mountain by a secret exit fronting on the Mediterranean, while the Ottoman armies were besieging the front of that mountain. The Armenians had communicated by flambeau signals with the French and British naval ships patrolling the Mediterranean. Those (thousands) who escaped were taken aboard the ships of the British and French and transported to Alexandria in Egypt. The Armenians found it to their interest to invent that these thousands had perished -keeping their rescue by the British and French a secret. Only a small contingent of Armenians who had remained fighting the Ottomans finally surrendered.
My dear departed friend, Franz Werfel, who wrote that book, The 40 days at Moussa Dagh, never was in that region to investigate what he wrote. He wrote it as his Armenian friends in Vienna had told him. Before his death, Werfel told me that he felt ashamed and contrite for having written the book and for the many falsehoods and fabrications the Armenians had foisted on him. But he dared not confess publicly for fear of death by the Dashnag terrorists. Christian missionaries had found the Armenians willing and easy converts from their ancestral orthodox Christianity to the Protestant and Catholic brands. Sympathetic to their converts, they helped spread the false stories of massacre throughout the Western World. Modern day Armenians heard the false stories from their elders who were never there themselves, but had heard them from the Dashnag revolutionaries who had made deals with the Czar and the Bolsheviks. The Republic they established died aborning because of the intrigues and subtle dealings typical of the Dashnag fanatics. The false claims of genocide and holocaust have gained for them great sympathy throughout the Western World. They cannot tolerate disproof and refutation. They try to stifle and prevent disproof by threats."
The Collapse of the Central Powers and the Continuing Resistance of the Ottoman Empire
The armistice-agreement ball was opened on the Balkans. On October 2, 1918, the Bulgarian western front collapsed under the weight of the far superior Allied forces, and Sofia had to capitulate at Thessalonica. Almost simultaneously, the British and the French made a breach in the Ottoman Palestine front with strong support from Armenian combat troops.
The Armistice of Mudros between the Ottomans and the Allies came on October 30. Immediately thereafter, British and French ships passed through the Dardanelles, where they had suffered a humiliating defeat in 1915. A mighty fleet of fifty-five warships now cast anchor beneath the walls of the Caliphs' city. Admiral Calthorpe, who had signed the Armistice of Mudros for the British side, be came Allied high commissioner in Istanbul, and was thus the most powerful man in the Ottoman Empire. Austria-Hungary surrendered in Padua on November 3. The representatives of Germany signed the capitulation at Compiegne on November 11.
The signing of the peace dictates of Versailles and St. Germain followed fairly soon thereafter, and on June 28 the defeated Germans accepted the dictated peace which would become a major factor leading to the outbreak of World War II just twenty-one years later. Austria's representatives signed on September 10, 1919. Bulgaria signed at Neuilly on November 27, 1919 (thus losing its access to the Aegean - i.e., the territory which it had taken from the Ottomans in the Balkan War). Finally, on June 4, 1920, the Kingdom of Hungary - or what was left of it - had to give in at Trianon.
The culmination of the victors' "triumphs" appeared to have been reached at Sevres. The new rulers of Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, and Hungary had already submitted helplessly and without resistance to the conditions of the dictated peace. Now, the same conduct was naturally expected of the representatives of the Ottoman Empire. They did not disappoint.
The dictate of Sevres was nothing to be ashamed of. At the very worst, it might be compared to what Austria had been forced to accept at St. Germain. The territory of the Ottoman Empire shrunk to about one tenth of what it had been in 1912. Armenia, which had only been "discovered" by the Western powers after the collapse of the Czarist empire, was to take over roughly the area which had been set aside for Russia in the secret treaties between the Al lied powers.
It is quite remarkable - and undoubtedly painful - that the Ottoman delegation signed this absurd dictate. There is one excuse: The capital of the Ottoman Empire was occupied by the Allies, and the Sultan was entirely at the mercy of the victors. Nevertheless, the Ottoman delegation should never have put their signature to this dictate. A refusal could not possibly have worsened the Sultan's predicament. In the eyes of the imperial people (the Turks) and the faithful (meaning all the Muslims of the world - the Sultan was, after all, still the Caliph!), it could only improve. Losing was worse than nothing. At any rate, the dictate of Sevres, like the earlier one signed at Brest-Litovsk, never took effect. Independently of the Ottoman government in Istanbul, which in its state of de facto imprisonment could no longer speak for the people, a new Turkish leadership had been formed in central Anatolia under Mustafa Kemal, who would later be given the honorary title "Father of the Turks" -Atatürk.
The Struggles for Survival of Turkey and Armenia: Both Nations Salvage Their Existence - The Turks in the Form of Traditional Independence; the Armenians in the Equally Customary Form of Limited Sovereignty
Following the peace dictates of Versailles, St. Germain, Neuilly, and Trianon, a struggle for survival began. It was the struggle of a drained, impoverished populace, but for the states of the defeated Central Powers this struggle could at least be carried on within new, "safe" borders. For the Turks, on the other hand, it was not just a struggle for the bare survival of each individual, it was also a struggle for a piece of land somewhere where they could survive. According to the plans of the Allies, not much more than the region around Ankara was to be left to the Turks . . . Everything else was reduced to colonies and occupied territories of the Allies.
Two zones of power promptly appeared on the territory of the time-honored Imperial Ottoman commonwealth. First, there was Istanbul with the Sultan and his government. They had been condemned to impotence by the victorious Allies, whose forces occupied Istanbul. There was still, however, the Turkish heartland - Anatolia. It was here that the resistance formed . . . "thanks" not least of all to the invasion of Greek troops, who were hoping to inherit the defeated Ottoman Empire. On May 15, 1919, more than half a year after the Armistice of Mudros, a mighty Greek expedition corps landed in Izmir, with the approval of the Allies. Their objective was to "finally" realize the megali idea, the "grand idea of a Great Greek Empire". Who was to defend Anatolia against this new, unexpected enemy? On May 19, 1919, Mustafa Kemal Pasha, disembarked in Samsun. He was determined to organize and lead the national resistance. On September 11, 1919 a congress was held in Sivas. The delegates made it their objective to maintain the integrity of "the parts of the Ottoman Empire within the borders as they stood at the conclusion of the Armistice of Mudros, October 30, 1918":
"1. The Ottoman Empire which is within the borders of October 30, 1334 (1918), the date when the truce between the Great Ottoman State and the Allied States was signed, and every part of which has an overwhelming majority of Muslims, constitutes a whole, which will not be divided for any reason ..."
The full strength and historical impact of this first clause of the declaration of Sivas have never been fully appreciated by many people. The principles agreed to by the free congress in Sivas met with the unanimous approval of the last Ottoman parliament, which endorsed the entire contents of the proclamation of
An Ottoman delegation appointed by the Sultan and led by Damad Ferid Pasha left Istanbul on June 6, 1920 aboard the French warship "Democratic". They were on their way to Sevres, where on August 10 they would obediently accept the "peace" dictated by the Allies in much the same way as the Austrians and Germans had done in Versailles and St. Germain. The dictate never went into effect, however, because the Turkish National Assembly refused to accept it.
Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal, Ankara became the center of the Turkish struggle for national survival. View of the old city of Ankara. Sivas on January 20, 1920. This resolution is known today in Turkey as the "National Pact". With the spirit of resistance surging up everywhere, the British occupied Istanbul, still the capital of the Ottoman Empire, on March 16, 1920. The Ottoman parliament was forcibly dissolved. Ottoman dignitaries were arrested by order of the British, based on the names provided by Ottoman-Armenian informers. These high officials were suspected of improper conduct towards the Armenians during the war, and they were all shipped off to Malta. Grand Turkish National Assembly had been founded Ankara in central Anatolia, electing Mustafa Kemal president on April 23, 1920. From that day on, Ankara was the nerve center of the Turkish national resistance, which was just getting into full swing.
Up until that time, the Turks had always thought in supranational terms, as the people of an empire, not as the people of a Turkish national state. Circumstances finally forced the Turkish people, as the last national group in their multi-national state, to think in national terms as well. It was necessary for survival in a thoroughly nationalistic environment. Large parts of Anatolia were already under foreign occupation. In order to defend it, the army was quickly reorganized to fight a war on three fronts, forced upon them by the occupational forces. In the West, the Greeks had invaded and were already approaching the gates of Ankara. The Armenians, who were allied with the French, were advancing in the South and had already brought large parts of Cilicia under their control. In the East, the Armenians, seeing that the Ottoman Empire had been defeated and expecting its imminent collapse, had already begun realizing their Greater Armenian dream
End Of Part V