11 October 2006

1115) Armenians In Egypt By Ayman Zohry, Ph.D. American University, Cairo



Armenians in Egypt are a minority. They have their own language, schools, churches, and social institutions. Armenian Egyptians are highly educated. Noticeably, the number of Armenians in Egypt is decreasing due to migration to the West and a weak return migration stream to Armenia. A rough estimate of Armenians in Egypt is 6000; most of them reside in Cairo (the capital) and Alexandria (the second largest urban governorate).. .

This paper explores the lives of Armenian Egyptians and their migration to Egypt before and after the Armenian Genocide in 1915, and their migration from Egypt to the West in the second half of the twentieth century.

1. Armenian Diaspora
The Armenian Diaspora is a term used to describe the communities of Armenians living outside of Armenia. There are large Armenian communities in the United States, Russia, Europe, Middle East, Australia, and South America, and together they comprise the Armenian Diaspora. The growth of diaspora was significantly influenced by the events at the beginning of the 20th century in the Ottoman Empire known as the 1915 Armenian Genocide (Astourian, 1990; Al-Imam, 2003). Although accurate statistics are not available, the Armenian diaspora is about equally divided between the 1.5 million Armenians in the other republics of the former Soviet Union and a similar number in the rest of the world. . .



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