2050) Russian Administration Of The Occupied Ottoman Territories During WWI: 1915-1917

This study examines the process of the establishment of the Russian Administration in the occupied territories of the Ottoman Empire, in the course of the First World War. This thesis is divided into 5 chapters. Following the first chapter, which describes the background of the military occupation of the Ottoman territories by the Russian Army, the second chapter analyses the formation of the temporary Russian administration. Relying on archival documents, contemporary newspapers, and diaries of the Russian officials in charge, this chapter traces the projects for the establishment of the Russian political, judicial, and financial systems, and for the colonization of the occupied territories. Chapter three focuses on the activities of philanthropic societies from the Russian Empire in the occupied regions. In the fourth chapter, the emphasis is given to the various scientific explorations conducted by Russian scientists in the occupied areas. Finally, the fifth chapter is devoted for the conclusion, where, the process of the formation of the Russian administration in the occupied Ottoman territories is interpreted in line with the peculiar Russian . . .

Table Of Contents
Chapter I: Introduction And Background
1.1 Introduction

1.2 Background

Chapter II: Russian Colonial Activities
2.1. Administration of the Occupied Regions
2.1.1 Early Regulations
2.1.2 The 18 June 1916 Imperial Decree on the Administration of the Occupied Regions
2.1.3 The Military Governor-General of the Occupied Regions of Turkey
2.1.4 The Military Governors of the Oblasts and the Nachalniks of the Okrugs and Uchastkas.
2.1.5 The judicial and police system
2.1.6 Institutionalization of the financial system in occupied regions
2.1.7 The system of taxation

2.2 Colonization Projects and the Exploitation of the Natural Resources of the Occupied Regions.
2.2.1 Colonization Projects
2.2.2 The Exploration and the Exploitation of the Natural Resources and the Construction of Railroads and Ports Concluding Remarks

Chapter III: The Humanitarian Organizations
3.1. Supply and Medical Assistance Problems of the Army and the Response of the Society
3.1.1 The All-Russian Unions of Towns and Zemstvos and the Caucasian Front
3.1.2 The Muslim Charitable Society of Baku (Bakû Müslüman Cemiyet-i Hayriyesi)

3.2 Activities of the Relief Organizations in the Occupied Regions of Turkey
3.2.1 The region of Van
3.2.2 The Region of Bitlis and Mus
3.2.3 The Region of Erzurum
3.2.4 The region of Trabzon
Concluding Remarks

Chapter IV: Academic Studies
4.1 Archaeological Expeditions to Eastern Anatolia
4.1.1 The First Expedition of Ter-Avetisyan
4.1.2 Archaeological and Ethnographical Expeditions to the region of Van
4.1.3 The Second Expedition of Ter-Avetisyan
4.1.4 The Expedition of Okunev
4.1.5 The Expedition of Takaishvili

4.2 Archaeological Expeditions to the Southern Coasts of the Black Sea
4.2.1 The First Uspenskii Expedition to Trabzon (summer 1916)
4.2.2 The Second Uspenskii Expedition to Trabzon

4.3 An Unsuccessful Attempt for a General Expedition in Eastern and Northeastern Anatolia Concluding Remarks

Chapter V: Conclusion

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