19 March 2008

2395) Contributions Of Armenians Over Constitution Of A New Social Life & Literature In 19th Century by Ali Budak 2008

© This content Mirrored From  http://armenians-1915.blogspot.com Abstract:

XIXth century is a prominent and sharp turning point in the modernization adventure of the Ottoman Empire.

This process can be called as the submission for the West. Not only the technical tolls but also institutions, laws, even traditions have been adopted. The state has been rebuilt while she is Europeanized. In enlarging this road, one of the most important factors was the theatres. The pioneers of Western-type Turkish theatre were the Armenians. The first civil society organization which has been established by the Ottoman elites is the Cemiyyet-i lmiyye-i Osmâniyye (Ottoman Science Society). The Organization (Cemiyyet) established in 1861 and whose aim has been expressed as the “to provide the expansion of the natural sciences and technics in Athority of State Elites (Memâlik-i Mahrûsa-i S,âhâne) and its founder members have been composed of the 33 permanent members those of 9 was established by Armenians and 2 of them has been elected to the executive board. Mecmua-i Fünun (Science of Nature) as our first scientific magazin was the official publication of the Organization and two articles of Ohannes and Vahan Aphendies (Armenians) with the subject of modern economics articles have been dicatted in this magazine. Actually, the translation of Say’s Catechisme d’Economie Politique had been committed 10 years before by Sahak Abro, who was one of the Ottoman Armenians, as the introduction of the theories of modern economics. Vartan Pasha has supported the rising of the Turkish journalism by means of the Mecmua-i Havadis, which was a newspaper had been issued as Turkish-Armenian and Panasyan Efendi with the continous publications as manzume-i Efkar and Tercüman-i Efkar. In the article, the leadership and pioneership of the Armenians for the theate, civil society, science and journalism as well as the emergence process of a new social life and literature has been summarized.



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