11 July 2005

145) Documentation of Massacres upon Turks by Armenians

 
    Here is a list of a Turkish book's English summaries shedding light on massacres upon Turks by Armenians. The provided links feature images of the original documents. The final tally of Turkish/Muslim dead is 518,105.

Unreadable by us? Most likely. However, this is a sample of one of the original documents that is the real thing... not a forgery.
 
       
Massacre of prisoners and Muslim population in the
neighborhood of Kars and Ardahan

The number of Muslims committed to the guards of Armenians and massacred by them after being inflicted physical pains upon and struck by the butt of rifles reached 30.000; the Armenians serving in the Ottoman army were deserting and deliberately surrendering to Russians to disclose information about the said army; Armenians from the Caucasus were first allowing to be taken prisoners by the Ottomans and afterwards evading and delivering to the Russians the intelligence they gathered.
 
19 R. 1333 (6. III. 1915)
 
Massacres of Muslims and Jews by Armenians and Russian bandits
 
 
 While Russians together with Armenian bandits were forced back from Hasankala to their own frontiers, they killed a part of the two thousand Muslim folk they took away and drove the remaining to an unknown destination in the inland; in Erzerum the Russians and the said bandits executed nine people and sent the whole male population above forteen years to no one knows destination; in the sub-district of Pekreç a self appointed Armenian tribunal sentenced some three-four hundred people to the gallows and hanged them; in the surroundings of Askale, Tercan, Ilica, Tavuskerd and Arvin no one muslim was left alive; in Van Armenians after having killed about two hundred women and children, massacred eight to ten thousand muslim people in the valley of Mahfuran; the population of the village Hot on the boundary of Narman were entirely exterminated with machine-guns; the majority of immigrants living in Marhi Sufla of the subdistrict of Çukur attached to Bitlis were put to the sword; the entire villages of Cinis, Pezantan, Ergani and Semerseyh with all of their inhabitants were burnt up and due to the pretentious ignorance of the Kurdish Bedirhani Kamil many villages’ inhabitants settled in the vicinity of Bitlis perished from starvation; seriously ill children cared of in Bitlis Hospital were savagely slain; in the village of Balikan Corpses were thrown to the dogs to feed on; Çukur women and girls were raped and old people burnt, small children were bayoneted and many other massacres committed; all these facts are stated in copies of dispatches sent by the governorships of Erzurum, Bitlis and Mamuretülaziz.
 
21 B. 1334 (24. V. 1916)
 
Massacre perpetrated by the Russians against Muslim
population in Van
 
 
According to a report drawn up and signed by the commander of the stationed Gendarmerie regiment Ali Cevad the mayor Abdurrahman, the retired army officer Lieutenant Recep and the deputy superintendant of police of Van, Zübeyr and the testimonies of those who escaped the atrocities "a woman from the village of Agçakale while returning home after she had bought some necessary articles for a wedding was assaulted by Armenian from Aspashin, raped and her effects seized and handed over to the Armenian committee of the subdistrict of Havasor; this incident has been ascertained after thorough investigations _"on the date of 1330 during the months of December and January, 1331 in this year of war, the Armenians made an attack on the gendarmery outpost of the village Peli, attached to Gevas and killed the whole guards of eight persons stationed there _"; in march of the year 1331 seven combatants fighting under the command of Bisar Çeto from Diyarbekir while going home on sick leave, were received as guests at Yedikilise, an Armenian establishment at a distance of one hour of walking from the administrative center of the provinces’ capital and were all of them assassinated and some of their bodies were found and together with two of the murderer apprehended, were handed over to the court of justice _" In a village of the subdistrict of Dir turned into slaughterhouse, a young girl in her attire was violated and her nipples cut off, she was uttering a soul rending cries and many little children in the neighborhood, were also massacred with their throats slit _
 
2 S. 1334 (4. VI. 1916)
 
Massacre and atrocities perpetrated by Armenians
and Russians
 
According to writings sent from the provinces of Diyarbekir and Trabzon Armenians bandits and Russians assaulted Muslim population, raped women, crammed in houses old people and small children and then burned them, profaned and destroyed mosques and saints’ sepulchres, grilled corpses cut into pieces and then forced the survivors to eat them.
 
3 S. 1334 (5. VI. 1916)
 
Atrocities committed by the Armenians and Russians against Muslims in Trabzon and in the neighborhood of Van
 

Letters from the ministry of the interior sent to the foreign ministry upon receiving reports sent form the governerships of Diyarbekir, Van and Trabzon which state that Armenians and Russians outraged and committed atrocities against the population of these cities, especially the women.
 
12 S. 1334 (14. VI. 1916)
 
Massacre Committed in Bitlis and Van by the Russians
and Armenian bandits
 
 
During the occupation of Van and Bitlis terrible cruelties were committed by Russian and Armenian brigands against the Muslim population; Cossack cavalry arriving in Bitlis, massacred Muslim families and children fleeing the Armenians; hearing that the Russians were coming to Van, Armenians uprose and pursued the fleeing muslim population trying to escape and tragically killed them, massacred thousands of women, young girls and men among those who didn't emigrate; all the population of the villages of Zive, Mollakâsim, Seyhkara, Seyhayne, Ayans, Paksi, Zorâbâd and many other villages, who stayed unable to emigrate were all exterminated and not a single person escaped the carnage; on the eve of the arrival of the Russians to Dir, a town attached to Hakkari, Armenians made irruptions on the roads and massacred all the male Kurdish population of the villages situated on these roads and cut up into chunks with daggers and swords more than thousand small children the oldest less than three years and used the cut and broken bodies as trenches" and ravished more than four hundred Kurdish girls, the old women being killed".
 
15 S. 1334 (17. VI. 1916)
 
  Atrocities committed by the Russians and Armenians in the village of Asnak of the Township of Resadiye in Van
 
 
Russians and Armenians attacking the village of Asnak in Van had committed savageries and atrocities upon its population, burning living women and children, tearing out the eyes of old and young men, openly violating young girls and choosing ten girl and women and after shutting them up in a room and at the night, while feasting and jeering stripped off their clothes and shouted: "Now perform your worship let's see how do you do it" forcing them to execute their will and then, while being raped and tortured they fell dead under rape and tortures.
 
16 S. 1334 (18. VI. 1916)
 
Armenians and Russians
in the neigborhoods of Van
 
 
Armenians and Russians committed widespread atrocities in Van and its surroundings and according to the testimony of Firdevs living in Abbasaga quarter, the occupants murdered by torturing women, girls, aged muslims without distinction, ripping the helly of a pregnant women and extracting the young from the wombs to behead it, storming houses and killing the household after they had inflicted them tortures for hours; stripping off the clothes of a small male baby aged six and after cutting off his sexual parts they buchtered him, raping and violating muslim women and those who took refuge in an american foundation,desecrating cemeteries and exhuming buried corpses and profaning tombs of venerated persons by filling in filthes.
 
28 S. 1334 (30. VI. 1916)
 
   Atrocities perpetrated by the Massacre of Muslim population during the occupation of Van and Bitlis
 
 

According to investigations made by the governorship of the sanjak of Mardin, the evidences given by muslims who escaped Armenian atrocities; Armenians and Russians killed and hacked the population including children and women who surrendered, throwing men, woman and children into earth oven for baking breads and burning them; the bandits of the kommitadji (armed Armenian brigands) Aremek killed the whole population of about eighty households of a village who had formerly surrendered.
 
29 S. 1334 (1. VII. 1916)
 
 Atrocities perpetrated by Armenians and Russians
against Muslims in Bitlis and Trabzon
 

During Russian occupation, Armenians and Russians with the aim of exterminating the Muslims living in the chief town of the sub-prefectures of Siirt and the sub-prefectures of Barzan, Sason and Kulp; in the plains of Mus, Malazgird, Bulanik, Hinis, Pasinler, Eleskird; in the mountains of Tifnik, Karaköy and Talori in the whole districts, villages and quarters of Van, Bitlis, Genç, Andak and Maçka, set about looting and massacring, setting fire to villages, cramming people in to haystrores and burning them alive; cutting off arms and legs of some children and men and then throwing them into the flames, violating girls and women, killing by knocking down with their rifles’ butts ailed sick people, trampling on living persons with their horses and putting them to swords, throwing on immigrants people shrapnels and letting them explode, seizing goods and chattels from their properties and after beating to death those refusing to give up their goods, sending them to jail and according to investigations made by officials hearing those who had escaped, mosques were converted into churches.
 
5 N. 1334 (6. VII. 1916)
 
Well, preparing this page is turning out to be a little too time-consuming. So from here on, if you would like to check out the corresponding links, please travel to this page and choose the links with the corresponding numbers.
 
11. Testimonies of those who escaped the atrocities perpetrated by the Armenians and Russians in Van and Bayezit
 
Testimonies of those who escaped the atrocities perpetrated by the Armenians and Russians in Van and Bayezit
 
Following the General Mobilization while müslim Ottoman subjects were enlisting one has not succeeded to enlist more than five per cent of the Ottoman Armenian subjects and these enlisted Armenians, had deserted and joined with their arms Armenians who shirked the military service; other Armenians from Bitlis, Erzurum, Diyarbakir, came up and joined them in Van. Their estimated number reached about hundred thousand persons
 
While the Ottoman State's aim is to secure the peace and safety of its citizens the Armenians persisted in their never ending seditious activities in order to realize their eternal aspirations and formed in Van, Erzurum, Bitlis and the neighborhood of Diyarbakir, the Tachmaksutioun Committee in the neighborhood of Diyarbakir the Hintchakian Committee and the Arminak committee and organized many bands of brigands.
 
These brigands assaulted and ravished many muslim young girls, attacked pregnant women, cutting their abdomens and eviscerating their babies to kill them, slaying many women after having mutilated their breasts, lips, noses and ears; killed many people after burning with hot iron their eyeballs and torturing them; threws into hot bubbling water infants before their parents and then forced them to eat their own children's boiled flesh, and later killed them also; dug tunnels under muslim houses to blow them up.
 
In Bayezit on the first day of the Festival of Sacrifice when the muslim population was gathered for the prayer or were visiting each other for congralutations, Armenians took them into custody and with yet unseen ferocity massacred them and grasping small children between three years and ten, their hands tied on their backs made them sit on the heap of corpses, soaked them with Kerosene and kindled. On a total population of a fifteen thousand souls fourteen thousand were assasinated, five hundred taken prisoners the rest escaped after having gone through many difficulties and suffered hard privations.
 
15 N. 1334 (16. VII. 1916)
 
 
12. Massacres perpetrated by the Russians and Armenians
 
(Some of the terrible atrocities perpetrated by Russians and Armenians in Eleskirt, Hinis, Karakilise, Satak, Müküs, Mus and Akcan as it was stated by those who escaped from)
 
"Russians and Armenians like rapacious animals and unchained bears attacked villages and it was a bloodshed that turned all into red"; men and women were slaughtered; in Aralköyü attached to Eleskirt they deflowered in two days twenty three muslims virgins and raped newly wedded girls and married women", in the village of Mollakulaç köy of Hinis more than twenty children were butchered like lambs, two pregnant women had the hellies cut by cuttlasses and the foetus extracted and fixed on the point of bayonets and displayed to their fathers; some muslim people were beheaded, some others had their arms, noses, ears cut and eyes pulled out and after they had their skins flayed they were soaked with keresone and set fire to; finally the following are other examples of the horrors and abominations committed:
 
"Armenians brought with them two muslim women; they formed a circle around them, both were pregnant; two Russian soldiers and two Armenians came; they betted on the gender of the unborn youngs, male or female, betting for each, two mecidiye (Silver coins of 20 piastres), then they ferociously eviscerated the abdomen and wombs of the pregnant women with a dagger, one of the unborn young was a male child; the other young was an amorphous bleeding lump so they went on quarreling about its gender _"
 
10 N. 1334 (11. VII. 1916)
 
13. Massacre perpetrated by the Armenians and Russians
in the neighborhood of Hizan
 
Some of the testimonies of those who escaped the terrible cruelties committed by Armenians and Russians in the village of Horos, sub-prefecture of Hizan; in the plateau village of Nurs, in Avnik, End and in a cottage of End, in the villages of Hirit and Kulpik [Gülpik], in the villages of Korso[h] and Sükur attached to the township of Hakif and in the seat of the district of Hizan, Karasu.
 
Many women were skinned and then hanged on trees; men still living had their eyes torn up and then fastened to trees and used as shooting targets; small children cut in to pieces; women and girls violated and all killed to the last living one; heads severed, breasts cut and half lacerated small children handed over to their mothers. All the villages of the township of Uçum including the birth place of Bediduzzaman Saidi Kurdî were summoned to surrender, the convent of Dervishes in Hani and Gayda where disabled women, children and women, old people were crammed into was set on fire and burnt with their dwellers; the government building of Karasu was also burnt down; atrocities committed by Armenians surpass by far those committed by the Kurds and which were an object of recriminations on the part of the Armenians; all goods and chattels of the villages raided by the Armenians were seized and taken away; dismembered and disfigured human corpses were scattered here and there and the village presents the aspect of a charnel house.
 
14 N. 1334 (15. VII. 1916)
 
 
14. Massacre perpetrated by the Armenian committees
and Russians in Van
 
 
"Testimonies of some who escaped the massacre perpetrated by Russians and Armenian committees in Van and its neighborhood"
 
After they had joined the Russian forces, the "Menslaughterer Armenian committees" turned the places where they passed into slaughterhouses full of corpses, torturing people to loot valuables and plunder goods and properties. They blasphemed and cursed the Islam profaned mosques and medresses (Muslim theological schools) and burnt them up. They were delighted to kill Muslim people. After they had disarmed the population they had mutilated their noses, ears, legs, cut their heads off, disemboweled their abdomens and sabred them, cut them up to chunks; thrown living children into the flames and were much delighted to slay infants and crippled old people with their swords. They flayed off the skins of some people and stuck decapitated heads at the point of their bayonets, chopped off some heads on the logs and threw some in the Mermid stream. They piled up corpses in the wells and burnt women and children in earthen ovens; those who remained alive under the destroyed houses’ wreckages moaned for days while dying. They raped women in an unspeakable manner, those of women and girls who resisted to be taken forcibly away were ferociously killed and some of them had their legs slashed and poured in filth; those women somehow still alive after having their breasts and noses mutilated were stripped off their clothes and so stark naked died on the road. Small children were left on the snowy road to meet with death; people dyed of starvation.
 
The people of Hosab who withdrew to the mountain of Sor had been shelled by Russians and most of them got killed. The son of the mufti of Hesab Ali, had the head crushed until reduced to a small lump not larger than a clenched fist, Armenians menanced his father and made him say that his son had been killed by Russians.
 
Those who had been taken to the American establishment fell sick after they ate stewed meat with loaves of bread and died of bloody intestinal evacuations; some were taken to a German establishment.
 
19 N. 1334 (20. VII. 1916)
 
15. Massacres perpetrated by Armenian bandits
and Russians against Muslims population
in Bitlis and its neighborhood
 

According to depositions made on oath by those muslim people who, incapable to escape remained in Bitlis and had suffered Armenian bandits and Russian’s atrocities:
 
In the quarters of Kizilmescid, Zeydan, Hersan, Tas and in Aynülbarid, Avih, Erkuzan (Erkozan) quarters in Ahlat Kömüs, Mahallibese, Adilcevaz quarters and in the villages of Yako, Tatargazi and Patnos, in the quarters of Kurubulak, Nahosnud, Malikan and the village of Sirvanseyh attached to Malazgirt; muslim population had been tortured to death by Armenian bandits and Russians and dishonored (raped), their homes burned down, moneys stolen, goods and proporties looted; schools, mosques, dervishes’ convents, saints’ tombs, government offices, bridges, public bathes and storehouses had been destroyed.
 
27 L. 1334 (27. VIII. 1916)

 
16. Massacre committed by the Russians and Armenians in Van
 
(Testimonies of those who escaped the massacre perpetrated by the Armenians and Russians in Van)
 
Christian Ottoman subjects had by a common consent agreed to act together and everywhere introduced their spies. When the general mobilization was declared, they tried to massacre muslim population and in the localities they occupied to put to the sword the greater part of the muslim population. What they aimed at by killing religious muslim leaders, was to provoke the muslim population and start a rebellion throughout the country, whenever they committed atrocities they always had cursed Islam and shouted "Long live Armenia" and "down with the Ottomans" and then ripping the abdomen of pregnant women, eviscerated youngs in the wombs and hurled them up and shot at as a targets. "Even animals can feel ashamed of what has been done"; they stripped our women and girls’ clothes before us" and after raping them they ripped their abdomen" many of the raped girls were less than ten years old. In matter of raping, killing children and cutting them up, Armenians were more ferocious than Russians, but when it comes to slitting the eyes, cutting the noses and thrusting thin bayonets into the women breast the Russians were the first to start such savageries thus emboldening the Armenians to commit atrocities. They even burnt and cut to pieces small children and after taking aside young girls they burnt the remainder. Although Muslims being disarmed could not fight and were forced to surrender every place was put to fire, children and women were trodden under the horsemen heels. Goverment agents and gendarmes in mission for levying war taxes were also savagely slain. Only those who sought refuge and hid themselves into thickets and bushes were enough fortunate to have their lives safe.
 
28 Za. 1334 (26. IX. 1916)
 
17. Atrocities perpetrated by Armenians bandits landed
by the Russian fleet on the shores of Terme
 
Armenians bandits landed by the Russian fleet on the shores of Terme killed nine persons and wounded two and took by force 19 persons as prisoners and besides caused material damages worth 3.100.000 piastres; as a retaliatory measure 20 Russian nationals were arrested and in order to secure reparations of the killings and damages caused nine more nationals were to be arrested and the amount of the total damages evaluated.
 
3. I. 1917
 
18. Ottoman State called for help against Armenian massacre

Armenians perpetrated massacre, rape, pillage against Muslims in Revan, Suregil, Zarusat, Agbaba, Çildir, Göle and Göleviren; for their self defense the Muslims called the Ottoman State for help.
 
22 R. 1337 (25. I. 1919)

19. Atrocities perpetrated by Armenians in the
neighborhood of Kilis
 

Armenians killed in the neighborhood of Kilis two Ottoman soldiers while going on patrols, amputating their ears, noses and fingers, slitting their throats and stabbing them with bayonets; the attacks by the Armenians of the guard station is likely to stir the population of Kilis; 1.500 Armenians leaving Aleppo were accompanied on their departure by Armenian women and children with the cries: vengeance, take revenge.
 
24 Ca. 1337 (25. II. 1919)
 
 
20. Atrocities committed by the Armenians serving in the
French Units in Adana and its neighborhood
 

Armenians are inflicting cruelties upon Ottoman soldiers and Muslims of Pozanti and on those of the neighborhood of Adana; it was asked to put an end to such brutalities and to prevent such inhuman acts to be carried out against more than ten thousand demobilized soldiers and officers returning home.
 
8 C. 1337 (11. III. 1919)

21. Murder of the post office director of Zor by Armenians
 
Armenians dressed in French uniforms having apprehended Muharrem Efendi while travelling in train threw him out on the platform, after robbing his money and belongings; he was hospitalized but did not survive.
 
2 N. 1337 (1. VI. 1919)

22. Cruelties inflicted on Muslims in the neighborhood of
Erzurum and what necessary measures should be
taken to fight it out 

Measures should be taken to substantiate and make public the cruelties committed by the Armenians in Erzurum, Pasinler, Namervan, Norsin, Pernos and Isisor in order to prevent the recurrence of such cruelties.
 
24 N. 1337 (23. VI. 1919)

23. Cruelties inflicted by Armenians, Greeks and Georgians in Batum, Kars and Ardahan and its neighborhood
 
Reports sent relating to cruelties inflicted by Armenians, Greeks and Georgians upon Muslim population.
 
8 L. 1337 (7. VII. 1919)
 
24. In the neighborhood of Kars Muslims had been massacred, inflicted cruelties, oppressed and their homes pillaged by Armenians
 
Under false allegations and contrived pretexts Armenians killed many Muslims in Kars and after having gathered too many youngs they massacred them; they murdered also many Muslims who had left their homes before, Muslim population's horses, oxes, sheep and goats were forcibly seized under the pretext of collecting war taxes; those who opposed them were also killed; they resorted also to violence while requisitioning the arms of the population of Zengesur and Nahcivan.
 
8 L. 1337 (7. VII. 1919)
 
25. Atrocities perpetrated in Trabzon, Kars and Nahcivan
 
Massacre and oppression perpetrated in the cities sub-prefectures and townships of Santa, Yomra, Norsin, Isisu, Topyolu, Yagmurdere, Kesisköy, Maçka, Akçakale, Karaurgan, Kagizman, Zirnik, Balikgöl, Abbasköy, Kars, Sarikamis, Diyadin and Nahcivan.
 
9 L. 1337 (8. VII. 1919)
 
26. Information of the British representative Ravlinson of the massacres perpetrated by Armenians in Kagizman, Mescidli and Karakurt

The British representative Ravlinson had been informed of the massacre perpetrated in the localities of Kagizman, Mescitli, Gülyantepe, Kurudere, Akçakale, Bozkus and Karakurt.
 
9 L. 1337 (8 VII. 1919)

27. Massacre perpetrated by Armenians in the neighborhood
of Kagizman, Karakurt, Sarikamis and Akçakale
 
The Armenian commander in Kagizman had sent a letter to the chief of the tribe Mahmud Zilan summoning him to surrender or be ready to fight; there upon the commander of the twelfth Division Mahmud Bey warned the chief to write in reply that all measures had been taken to resist all attacks, Armenian forces had raided the villages of Pozat, Mescidli, Gülyantepe and Kurudere and four other villages attached to Akçakale and Massacred the Muslim population, looted and seized their money, goods and livestocks.
 
10 L. 1337 (9. VII. 1919)

28. Oppression against Muslims perpetrated on the further side of the frontier
 
Reports drawn after hearing the testimony of Nebi Aga and investigating the situation related to Armenian oppressions across the frontier.
 
19 L. 1337 (19. VII. 1919)

 29. Attacks of Turkish villages by Armenians

An infantery detachment of 150 Armenians the majority of is composed of Greeks from Kizilkilise had occupied the town of Bulakli looting goods and belongings, killing two persons and wounding another two; the same Armenian forces tried also to attack Turkish positions near the village of Igirbigir but they were repelled.
 
20 L. 1337 (19. VII. 1919)

30. A letter of complaint (cry for succor) to stop Armenian oppression in the three Sanjaks of Kars, Ardahan and Batum

Letter of complaint (cry for succor) sent by Muslim population of Kars, Ardahan and Batum to the American ambassador in Istanbul and to the newspaper Istikbal to put an end to Armenian oppression.
 
25 L. 1337 (24. VII. 1919)
 
31. Massacre perpetrated by retreating Russian and
Armenian forces
 
While retreating before the advance of the Ottoman army, Armenian bandits, first of all general Antranik’s bandits had attacked the villages of Bedrevans, Kalender, Islâmsor, Ahalik-i Ulya, Hosu, Zanzak, Siçankala, Agviran, Zivin, Menevürt, Zars, Gerek and Azab and killed or captured 10.000 persons; those taken prisoners had been either killed or unheard of; the murdered prisoners were first crowded into houses and stables, in rivers' bed and shot and bayoneted, then cut into pieces; some of them were drenched with gasoline and set fire on; children's ears and noses cut off, some nailed down in their chests and bayoneted or had the throats slit; women tortured and their breasts amputated only few people had narrowly escaped death and saved their honors.
 
The Armenian bandits had pillaged the entire goods, chattels and provisions of the said villages looting and destroying and burning thousands of houses, shops and mosques, robbing and taking away hundred thousands of oxes, calves, cows, buffalos, horses, mares, donkeys, lambs, goats and provisions of hundred thousands bushels of wheat and barley; money by ten thousands, thousands of gold coins, women's jewelries, hundreds of mattresses, honeycombs, copper wares; seventy carpets had been also stolen from the mosque of the town of Agviran.
 
22 L. 1337 (21. VII. 1919)

32. Testimonies of the councillors of villages whose
population were massacred by the retreating Armenians

Testimonies given by the village councillors of Altinbaluk, Maslahat, Elimi, Alakilise, Hadik, Sanamer, Ardos, Kizlarkale and Horasan relating to the cruelties and outrages inflicted by the Armenians.
 
2 Za. 1337 (30. VII. 1919)

Massacre perpetrated by the Armenian bandits

Information concerning the massacre perpetrated by the Armenian bandits in Muslim villages and lists of losses and damages incurred by the Muslims.
 
4 Za. 1337 (1. VIII. 1919)
 
TABLE PROVIDED. The first column lists the killers, the second column lists the victims, and the rest shows the locations. The link for this page is above.

34. Ferocious Mass Killings Perpetrated by Armenians Against Muslim Population in the Neighborhoods
of Nahçivan, Kagizman and Sarol 
 
In the neighborhood of Nahçivan 45 Muslim villages had been attacked by Armenians; secret written orders had been issued to Armenians detachments to drive, pursue and throw into the river Aras all Muslim population to the last one; a notable of Kagizman Arslan Bey and his wife had been killed after having their noses and ears cut off and exposed to public; on seeing the mutilated dead bodies the frightened population took to the neighboring mountains leaving behind their goods and belongings which were pillaged by Armenians; thousands of Muslims left their homes in the neighborhoods of Erivan, Kars and Kagizman fleeing Armenians oppression and atrocities and leaving behind all their possessions and are trying to cross the borders to Turkey; the named Aziz son of the Cadi (Muslim magistrate) and his friend together with his family were killed after having ears and lips cut off and their bodies carved inside out and the skins of their chests flayed; Armenians raided some Muslim villages around Gümrü and Nahcivan and savagely killed about 4000 Muslim peoples.
 
4 Za. 1337 (I. VIII. 1919)
 
35. Atrocities Committed by Armenians In Villages In The Neighborhood of Kars and Sarikamis
 
In three reports written by the commandership of the fifteenth Army corps and sent to Erzerum it was stated that Armenians raided Gülantap, Pozat and Kurudere and started killing the population, eight persons from Kurudere had been killed, thirty five carried away and hundred forty heads of cattle seized; four villages attached to Akçakale were attacked the entire inhabitants of one of them had been killed and sixty people from each of the three other villages slaugtered, young Muslim men from the neighborhood of Sarikamis and Kars had been picked up and taken away and no one was heard of since, eight notables from Kars and Göle were killed by armenians and the cattle and carriages of the muslims were forcibly taken away as war taxes, eight villages from the lowland of Akçakale who refused to comply with were bombarded and their population was forced to flee to the mountain of Allahuekber; all the weapons held by the muslims in the regions of Zengesur, Nahcivan and Dar-i Alagene were extorted and Armenian detachments in Karaurgan seized all the cattle, provisions and moneys of hundred Muslim emigrants coming from Sarikamis and shared them out.
 
l6 Za. l337 (l3. VIII. l9l9)

36. Massacre Perpetrated by Armenians in the Villages of Sekman, Ardi, Kepenek, Harçli, Penaduz and Todaviran

During the massacre and pillage perpetrated by Armenians in the villages of Sekman, Ardi, Kepenek, Harçli and Todaviran attached to Erzerum a total of four hundred people were killed with bayonets, knives and axes, some of them were even burnt and two hundred forty four households set fire to and destroyed; provisions and cash money were extorted from villages and besides twelve thousand head of cattle had been grabbed and looted; thirty households of the village Penaduz were all destroyed and their inhabitants exterminated except for a woman and her child; all these facts are related in a written deposition recording the names of the Armenians bandits perpetrators of the massacre.
 
18 Za. 1337 (15. VIII. 1919)
 
37. Massacre perpetrated by the Armenians in the
sub-prefectures of Bayburt and Ispir
 
Armenians were ferociously committing oppressions in the sub-prefecture of Bayburd and Ispir, an Armenian chief bandit named Arsak, coordinating his activities with another Armenian chief bandit Antranik, had with their bands stabbed and killed small children living in an orphanage and slaughtered all muslim turks they captured, raped young muslim girls and women and when they were forced to retreat, had assasinated, on their way back many of 150 Turkish children they forcibly dragged into their road of retreat. Memories from Tatyana Karameli who was a nurse of Russian Red Cross and a student of Moscova Medical Science Faculty.
 
(1918)
 
38. Atrocities committed against Muslim villages in the vicinity of Karaurgan and Allahuekber
 
Armenians attacked the villages Macingerdi Ulya, Zakim, Güresken and Cermik neighboring Karaurgan and after killing their population pillaged their goods and besides forced the Muslim inhabitants living eastwards of the mountain of Allahuekber to take refuge in the mountains and then, without stopping they burnt their villages and crops, looted their belongings and raped young girls, all these facts are related by a wounded woman and her child who succeeded in escaping.
 
19 Z. 1337 (15. IX. 1919)

39. Massacre Perpetrated by Armenians in the
Vicinity of Kars, Sarikamis and Igdir
 
The Armenian Government and the Tashnak Committee are pursuing their aggressive activities with the aim of exterminating to the last one all Muslims living in the three provinces (Kars, Ardahan and Batum); The oppression perpetrated against Muslims in the vicinity of Kars, Igdir and Sarikamis and in the region of Revan and Aras (Arax) reached its utmost limit; Armenians who had attacked the tribe Ayyub Pasha settled in the Soganli mountain and the Kurds settled in Kagizman’s subdistriet Karakurt, had been forced to retreat; all the people of a hundred household living in a hamlet near Igdir and the entire people of twenty five household of the villages of Persa, had been massacred; hundred and fifty people from the village of Tavus had been killed as it had been partly done away with the population of the village of Yayci who totalled three hundred households. Armenians had also looted and burned the villages of Yukarikoturlu, Asagikoturlu and Köseler and attacking the villages of Zakim, Çermik and Bardiz killed all those they had kidnapped; the oppression perpetrated by Armenians in Igdir reached such an extremity that two thousand people sought refuge on the borders of Bayezit; while pillaging, armenians raped women and carried them off, nude, strolling among armenian soldiers; such an act caused people to renounce emigrating and take up arms to fight the Armenians; people working in their fields were shelled and machine-gunned by Armenians, Muezzins were stoned; altough Armenians were pretending that the American General is supporting them, they are exerting menace and pressure upon the population to prevent them from complaining to the American delegation which is coming to visit and see the Muslim villages population
 
3 S. l338 (28. X. l9l9)

40. Oppressions Perpetrated by Armenians Wearing French Uniforms Against the Population of Maras
 

It has been established that nearly all French soldiers who supplanted British soldiers are armenians; these soldiers used force to strip off the veils of Muslims women and assaulted them in the market upon which the population resisted, besides they insulted the population; Frenchcomander ship was incited by the Armenians to strip off muslim population's arms and ammunitions in each convoy of French soldiers occupying Maras about three to five hundred armenians came disguised as french soldiers and were gathering up; Armenians at Zeytun were also armed; while French soldiers were occupying Maras Armenians welcomed them shouting "Long live Armenia" while shooting at random in the streets the Muslim population and insulting Turkish national values.
 
19 S. 1338 (13. XI. 1919)
 
41. Armenians attached to the French Occupying Army of Maras attacked Muslim people in the neighboring villages

During the incidents that occurred in consequence of lowering the Ottoman flag from the goverment house by the French, a gendarme was killed; in Adana three persons were killed by an Armenians soldier and other three Muslims were thrown out from a train and got killed; Armenians soldiers attached to the French army entering the village of Lefkeni in the neighborhoods of Ulukisla had wounded all the male population of the village and raped some of its women; seven people were attacked in the vicinity of Ömerli village, their eyes carved out and bayoneted.
 
26 S. 1338 (20. XI. 1919)

42. Armenians killed some Muslim wayfarers in the
vicinity of Haçin and attacked women 

Armenians killed on the roads some Muslim wayfarers from villages in the vicinity of Haçin and kidnapped accompanying wives; Armenians dressed in french uniforms killed savagely three villagers while on their way going to Aintab; in the township of Magara they assaulted and raped almost all of the Muslim abducted women; previously disarmed by Armenians, Muslims have been always exposed to their attacks, but Muslims living in Maras and Elbistan had decided with determination to make all sacrifices in order to get ready and be prepared for self-defense.
 
9 R. 1338 (1. I. 1920)
 
43. Oppressions Committed by Armenians and French soldiers in the Neighborhood of Ayintab, Maras and Adana Against Muslim Population
 
Upon the entering of a French detachment of a hundred and fifty soldiers among them Armenians the village of Büyükarablar in the neighborhood of Ayintab, breaking down the doors of houses dishonoring women and looting goods, the villagers took to the mountains but when returned in the morning to their houses they were exposed to machine-guns volleys of the detachment; in Maras Armenians together with French slaughtered the population which, unable to leave, remained in the city which was destroyed by the detachment’s artillery and besides, people who hurried to bring help to Maras were barred by cannons and machine guns fire from entering the city; the situation in Adana and its neighbours became unbearable to Muslim population and some of the villages were also burnt up; Armenian villagers were armed and sent to attack Muslims; the horrors perpetrated in Maras aroused great indignation and the Muslim population staged large manifestations asking to put on end to these tragic events.
 
11 Ca. 1338 (1. II. 1920)
 
44. Atrocities Perpetrated by Armenian Bandits
Against Muslim Population in Ãœnye
 
Taking advantage of the absence of the male Muslim population who went to war leaving behind their families, properties and lands, Armenian and Greek bandits returning from Russia all fully armed raided the villages of Kiraztepe, Üçpinar, Köklük, Havzikara and Ballik attached to Ünye and without distinction, remorselessly killed aged people, women, wives and children; Armenian brigands raiding the village of Manastir, shooted down some of its population, decapitated some others and stuck their severed heads on pales; contrary to the allegations made by the British consul at Samsun who, ignoring the attacks of the Armenians against the Turks, accused these of maltreating Armenians, the investigations made on this matter revealed the opposite was true and that the Armenians who committed the atrocities are now in the village of Köklük; the Muslim population exposed to all these atrocities, being unable to prevent the attacks, necessary measures must be taken as soon as possible.
 
21 Ca. 1338 (11. II. 1920)
 
45. Turkish Soldiers Taken Prisoners of War in the Region Between Pozanti-Gülek were killed by Armenians

Forty Turkish soldiers, prisoners of war dispatched from Konya to Adana were killed by Armenians during a raid in the region between Pozanti and Gülek planned and executed by them
 
28 Ca. 1338 (18. II. 1920)

46. Villages Inhabitants in Çildir Rejecting the summons to Surrender Killed by Armenians

Upon the assasination by villagers of two Armenian officers who came to the village of Keçiyurdu and another neighboring village to summon them to surrender and the refusal of their inhabitants to yield, these two villages were set fire to and completely destroyed, about hundred women and children trying to flee were machinegunned; the battle in Akbaba and Çildir is still raging; Americans are helping Armenians by sending them clothes and meal.
 
1 C. 1338 (21. II. 1920)
 
47. Massacre of Muslim Population who refused to submit to Armenians in Zerusad and three Villages Attached to it
 
Summoned by Armenians but refusing to yield, the population of Zerusad and the villages of Mamas and Incilipinar attached to it, were attacked by cannons and machine-guns and in spite of their resistance four hundred fifty people were killed by the Armenians; many other persons from the said villages were gathered up, tortured and killed; about thirty or forty women, among the most beautiful were picked out and dispatched to Gümrü; goods pertaining to villagers were seized and besides eleven villages’ goods and chattels were sacked; one can infer from a letter sent from the village of Bosik that Armenians are planning attacks on the villages of Agbaba and Çildir whose population had refused to surrender; the population are asking the Turkish Government for help.
 
18 C. 1338 (9. III. 1920)
 
48. Massacre Perpetrated by Armenians in Zarusad, Akbaba and Süregel and the Villages Attached to them

Armenians attacking the subdistricts of Akbaba, Zarusad, Süregel and Çildir inflicted mercilessly all Kinds of tortures and cruelties upon the Muslim population; upon the desertion of Kerbelay Mehmed from the village of Ibis attached to Agbaba who was in charge of commanding Muslim troops, Muslims surrendered but Armenians shelled the surrendering villages and started massacring and looting; horrified at the dreadful spectacle of massacre perpetrated by Armenians in the villages of Ani and Daymalik the population of the villages of Tineki, Ilanlu, Aküzüm, Aslanhane, Tiknis, Ergene attached to Süregel and the population of Gümrü settled in Sahnalar together with the population of the villages of Karahan, Geçid, Carci, Senem, Möküz, Seydi, Dilan, Hacipiri, Kimili-yi-sagîr, Kimili-yi Kebîr, Mehmedâbad, Vartanli, Okçuoglu Bacioglu, Monlamusa, Karakilise and Aralik deserted their villages and started out fleeing but hundred fifty of them had perished under heavy snowstorms; Armenians after shelling the village of Sahnalar and forcing its inhabitants to flee, more than five hundred of them were killed under the fire; all these massacre and oppression were perpetrated in spite of the promise made public by the Colonel Haskel and Hatisof that henceforth oppression and massacre of Muslim population will no longer be permitted; villages’ population not yet exposed to such atrocities asked the Ottoman Government for help.
 
20 C. 1338 (11. III. 1920)
 
49. In Maras Armenians in Collaboration with Occupying
French Forces Oppressed the Population and
Committed Massacre
 
Part of the Armenians who were moved to other areas began to return to Maras once the Mondros Armistice was signed; many armed Armenians amongst French detachments were inflicting all kinds of cruelties upon Muslims, harassing women and forcing them to remove their veils; stored arms and ammunitions were distributed to Armenians and a Turkish detachment which was witnessing these acts was fired upon; a barber named Ökkes was shot down by French; the Turkish flag hoisted over the citadel of Maras was lowered and many persons were killed by Armenian collaborationists and under pretext of searching for arms they broke into houses and mosques while inflicting tortures upon children; Muslims carrying arms were sentenced to death; A letter sent by the Maras section of the Society for the Defense of Rights it was called for taking the necessary measures to stop these inhumane acts.
 
27 C. 1338 (18. III. 1920)

50. Two thousands of Muslims Had Been killed in the Massacre perpetrated by Armenians in twenty Eight Villages Situated in the Neighborhoods of Suregel, Akbaba, Zarusad and Çildir
 
It was stated that from February 1920 on Armenian aggressions intensified; twenty eight Muslims villages in the region of Suregel, Akbaba, Zarusad and Çildir were demolished, more than two thousand people killed and a lot of goods and cattle forcibly seized; Muslim young women had been taken away to Kars and Gümrü, hundreds of women and children who succeeded to escape from their villages got frozen dead in the mountains; on hearing the news of their death Muslim population got agitated with anger; the atrocities committed against the Muslim population who remained within the boundaries of the Armenian administration were confirmed by the declaration of the British representative in Erzerum Mr. Rawlinson; the American delegation headed by the General Harbord witnessed with their own eyes the oppression committed seeing thousands of Muslim emigrants, who have lost their families and all of what they possessed hungry and destitute seeking refuge in the Ottoman territories; Armenians were seeking on purpose to sow discord between Kurdish tribes and Turkish villages are spreading rumors about a Kurdish state being established and the provinces of Van, Bitlis, Erzerum and Trabzon given to Armenians; It was also stated that traitors like Sherif Pasha (Serif Pasa) can never speak on behalf of the Kurds and that Kurds will never secede from the Ottoman Community a fact that had been declared and made publicly known everywhere and reiterated especially to the governments of the Entente.
 
2 B. 1338 (22. III. 1920)

51. Atrocities perpetrated by Armenians against Muslim population in Çildir, Zarusad and the three Sanjaks

Under the pretext of confiscating arms Armenian forces attacked the villages of Mamas, Agziaçik, Bendivan, Çatak and Çamah, tortured their population and drove them away as prisoners to Kars and what happened to them remains yet unknown; the villages of Karahan and Gögercin had been destroyed and their Muslim population massacred; in the villages of Keçili and Sahnalar 120 women and children had been attacked killed and cut to pieces by bayonets and axes; Armenians in connivance with some people of the Kaskanli Tribe are planning to attack the environs of Bardiz and Oltu; Armenians living in the three sanjaks of Kars, Ardahan and Batum attacked thirty three Muslim villages in the neighborhoods of Ani, Süregel and Agbaba situated at the proximity of Kars destroyed them and looted the goods and properties of the population which were obliged to seek refuge in Surmeli.
 
2 B. 1338 (22. III. 1920)
 
52. Massacre by Armenians of Five Hundred Muslim Passengers while they are travelling by Trains From Revan To Gence
 
A detachment of forty Armenians which came to the village of Sorlu situated in the south west of Kagizman were murdering Muslim people coming from and going through the Pass of Aras (Arax) and under the cover of night they were laying ambushes in different points and had also killed five hundred Muslims travelling by trains from Revan to Gence and inflicted cruelties upon the population of Zengezor, Ordubad and Vedi's Muslim villages.
 
17 B. 1338 (6. IV. 1920)
 
53. Pressures Exerted by Armenians upon the Muslim Population of the Villages of Sivin and Pilomori

Under the pretext of requisitioning arms from Muslim population in Caucasia Armenians were exerting pressures upon them killing two persons from Hoçovan; finding themselves in the impossibility to live with Armenians the people of the Pilomori and Sivin together with their families demanded asylum from the Ottoman Government.
 
9 S. 1338 (28. IV. 1920)

54. Atrocities Perpetrated By Armenians Against Muslim Population in the Neighborhoods of Kars, Sarikamis and Karakurt
 
After the fall of the Kars Government Armenians perpetrated in the neighborhoods of Kars, Sarikamis and Karakurt terrible atrocities against Muslim population; the responsible of all these crimes and tragic events are Armenian armed forces commanded by General Osebyan, soldiers remaining in Kars had been tortured and killed, Founding Members of the Assembly were forcibly driven out of the city, their goods looted and were compelled to transfer their moneys and properties to Armenians; many villages were attacked by artillery and in some villages the population were atrociously and in unimaginably way killed being crammed into the stables and set fire to, many were bayoneted and driven into the Aras river, thousands of heads of cattle, provisions and valuables seized; from the year 1918 until now the number of Muslims killed in the neighborhood of Kars reached twenty five thousands; these facts are related my a memorandum submitted by the representatives of some villages attacked by and exposed to Armenian atrocities.
 
16 S. 1338 (5. V. 1920)
 
55. Oppression Committed by Armenians Against
Villages in the Vicinity of Novoselim

Following the events that occurred in Akçakale Çukuru the whole households of sixteen villages situated in this area had left their homes and emigrated to Bardiz; afterwards Armenians looted the villages of Karaçayir, Igdir, Akpinar, Kirkpinar, Cavlah and a village attached to Novoselim and killed ten persons seizing their cattles and belongings; thereupon, part of the population had fled to Tiknis; the inhabitants of Yedikilise and Azbuga had also been exposed to Armenian massacre.
 
22 N. 1338 (9. VI. 1920)
 
56. Massacres Perpetrated by Armenians in the Surroundings of Sarikamis, Oltu, Kars and Zengibasar
 
Report stating that Armenians had pillaged the towns of Karaoglu, Novoselim, Laloglu, Karaçayir, Igdir, Akpinar, Kirkpinar and some other villages and ferociously killed some of their inhabitans and massacred the whole population of other villages like Çebeçali, Yedikilise, Asbuga; many people in the Muslim villages of Boyali and Lâloglu had also been put to death; unable to bear such atrocities the people of the villages of Boyali, Lâloglu, Asagisalut, Yukarisalut and of the nearby other villages took refuge in Bardiz; the whole population of the village of Terek had their throats cut in a ravine near Sarikamis; the villages of Kirkpinar and Develialiköy after being raided and all what is worth looted their population had been driven out of their homes having nothing on but their clothes and in the same manner many other villages had been raided and looted and some others had all of their population killed, livestocks and chattels seized; in the region of Kulp three villages had been raided and three hundred Muslim people killed, in Zengibasar following its occupation by Armenians a part of the population was machine-gunned and killed; about one thousand and five hundred women and children while fleeing to Aralik jumped into a river and got drowned; all the streams in the surroundings of Kosor are so filled with corpses that they became undrinkable; a veritable genocide had been perpetrated in this area with the aim of exterminating the whole Muslim population.
 
15 L. 1338 (2. VII. 1920)
 
57. Wholesale Carnage Perpetrated by Armenians
in Göle, Oltu and Kosor
 
Armenians had killed the whole male population of the villages of Agundir, Zadgereh, Misah attached to Oltu and of the village of Sanemoglu [Sinemoglu] attached to Göle and of six other villages and then raped their women, seized their goods and cattles; part of those who had escaped alive took refuge with georgians, the remainder had fled to the mountains; Armenians have besieged the village of Mihrekom attached to Kosor and unless urgent help is forwarded its whole population will be exterminated.
 
27 Z. 1338 (12. VIII. 1920)

58. Massacre Perpetrated by Armenians Against Muslims in the Neighborhoods of Kars, Erzerum and Gümrü
 
A report relating to the massacre and oppressions perpetrated by Armenian against Muslims and a map showing the areas where these massacres had been perpetrated: Armenians attacking Muslim villages of Sahnalar and Avnil situated on the road between Kars and Gümrü with machine guns had killed five hundred Muslim inhabitants and those who succeeded to escape encountered death getting frozen under heavy snow storms; in other attacks against Zarusad and villages attached to, two thousand Muslims had been killed and forty five burned alive; many villagers were forced to emigrate and hundreds of them met death under blizzard; wayfarers had been killed on the road in Kagizman caught in a trap laid by Armenians; more than five hundred Muslims travelling by train from Revan to Gence had been killed by Armenians; The entire Muslim population of the village of Çeçal near Uluhanli had been killed by bayonets , only seven of them had their lives safe; the whole population of sixty four villages attached the Oltu are held as prisoners by Armenians and six hundred and twenty emigrants living there had been slaughtered by Armenians.
 
8 Z. 1338 (23. VIII. 1920)
 
59. Massacre Perpetrated by Armenians in the Villages of Bayburt; finding Habitation for Homeless Children
 
As a result of massacre perpetrated by Armenians in nineteen ninety villages attached to Bayburd seven thousand four hundred and twelve households had been demolished and became unfit to dewell in; a thousand and three hundred and eighty seven Muslims had been killed; out of two hundred homeless children settled in and fed at the orphanage of Bayburt hundred and sixty had been sent to Trabzon and other localities
 
1 S. 1339 (15. X. 1920)
 
60. Massacre Perpetrated by Armenians in the Villages of Göle and the Flight of the Population to Tercan 

Armenians perpetrated massacre in Göle’s villages of Sinot, Korevenk, Çölpenek and some other villages killing more than hundred Muslims and burning their homes; the remainder of the population have emigrated to Tercan.
 
2 S. 1339 (16. X. 1920)

61. Large Scale Massacres Perpetrated by Armenians
in the Villages of Pasinler During a Year

During the massacres perpetrated by the Armenians in a year within the boundaries of the subdistrict of Pasinler; the whole goods and cattle of twenty nine villages had been pillaged and destroyed; fifty four villages had been partly destroyed, goods and cattle pillaged, six thousand seven hundred and eighty seven of their inhabitants women and children without distinction of sex and age killed, two thousand and five hundred persons natives and foreigners risiding in Hasankale, Timar, Kivank, Sos and Çögender were gathered up and killed by axes; crammed into harracks and killed with machine-guns; the mumber of women and children whose families had been killed and now sheltered and lodged in Erzerum are one thousand and five hundred; the exact number of those taken care of by the Red Crescent and the Charitable Society at Erzurum is unknown.
 
3 S. 1339 (17. X. 1920)

62. Armenians Destroyed Sixty Four Villages in Tortum and Massacred Their Population; The Settlement of Those who Survived the atrocities
 
Armenians had burnt up sixty four villages in Tortum and massacred three thousand and seven hundred Muslims; four hundred of the surviving orphan children and widowed homeless women had been taken up by charitable foundations of the subdistrict and two hundred of them supplied with foods and necessaries by the population and the authorities of the subdistrict
 
4 S. 1339 (18. X. 1920)

63. Notebooks Related to the Genocide and the Pillages Perpetrated by Armenians in Erzerum
 
In the localities of Gölbasi, Gürcükapisi, Tebrizkapisi, Gülahmed, Mahallebasi, Erzincankapisi etc … attached to Erzurum, Armenians had attacked, multilated and killed three thousand eight hundred and forty five Muslims chopping their heads with axes carving out their eyes eviscerating their entrails severing their noses and ears flaying their skins, raping women and virgin girls and then cutting off their breasts, exterminating four thousand six hundred forty four Muslims trying to escape and seek refuge in the province’s capital, their bodies had been buried by the Municipality in the neighboring cemetery; the Armenians had also robbed goods and jewelries worth 14.767.344 silver piastres; of the said refugees three hundred and eighty homeless women and men and seven Armenians women had been given hospitality and lodged by the Red Crescent and in the 15 th Army Corps’ workshops; the majority of the abandoned children were taken care of in the Gürbüzler School.
 
5 S. 1339 (19. X. 1920)

64. Mass Massacres Perpetrated by Armenians in the Villages Attached to Göle and the Liva of Oltu during a year
 
 
Within the boundaries of the liva of Oltu, in the townships of Kosor, Bardiz, Lisbik and Olur and in the villages attached to the districts of Sarikamis and Göle Armenians using rifles, artillery, daggers and axes, killed 10.693 Muslims the majority of them had been set fire to and perished burned; homeless women and orphaned children were taken care of by the population of the villages of Kürkçü and Vartanut attached to the township of Bardiz since there were no charitable institutions to shelter and lodge them.
 
12 S. 1339 (26. X. 1920)
 
65. Massacre Committed by Armenians in Askale and the Villages of its Surrounding
 
Armenians attacked the township of Askale and the villages of Nardiban, Persor, Karahasan, Yeniköy, Topalçavus and Ergemansur and killed a total of eight hundred and ninety three Muslims, they destroyed also more than six hundred houses in the said township and in five villages.
 
14 S. 1339 (28. X. 1920)

66. Atrocities Perpetrated by Armenians in the Subdistricts of Suregel and Zarusad
 
Following the recovery of Kars by the Ottoman Army an investigation had been carried out by a committee which ascertained that in thirty four villages attached to Süregel two thousand five hundred dwellings had been destroyed by Armenians using artillary and submachine guns and killing the majority of their population; in Tepeköy attached to Zarusad six Muslims had been killed and their goods looted and in Mescidli a village of Zarusad thirty dwellings, in the village of Keçeyor forty in Gökçin one hundred and fifty in Kizilkilise sixty dwellings had been also destroyed and seventy to eighty children had been burned and eight thousand sheep seized.
 
19 S. 1339 (2. XI. 1920)

67. Atrocities and Pillage Perpetrated by Armeians in Kosor and Penek and the Villages Attached to them

Armenians occupied the townships of Kosor and Penek and thirty villages attached to the Sanjak of Oltu and during their occupation they murdered sixty nine persons, looting 26.400 sheep, 19.2400 cattle, 590 horses, 60.200 lira cash (silver coins); goods worth 218.300 liras and 300.000- grain pots.
 
19 Ra. 1339 (1. XII. 1920)
 

Sheep

Cattle

Cash

Goods

Ho
rse

Murdered

Zivart[Zuvart] karyesinde

4.000

2.000

3.000

15.000

50

12

"A woman
among the killed"

Kivank karyesinde

1.000

1.000

5.000

15.000

80

3

 

Barik karyesinde

1.000

1.500

2.000

3.000

30

0

 

Lebibi[Leblebi]

1.500

1.500

3.000

10.000

30

5

Bir kadın öldürülmüşdür.

Penek "

1.000

1.500

0

10.000

25

0

 

Kamhis "

400

400

400

3.000

20

3

Birisi kadın öldürülmüşdür.

Güllet "

400

300

500

1.000

10

2

 

Tecerek "

2.000

1.000

1.000

10.000

40

5

 

Hanımkom "

200

150

500

2.000

4

2

Birisi kadın öldürülmüşdür

Pertivan [Pertuvan] "

400

300

1.000

3.000

15

2

 

İznus "

500

250

1.000

2.000

20

0

 

Şamkas[Şamhas] "

500

300

1.000

2.500

6

2

 

Kot "

400

300

500

1.000

4

1

 

Çaksor "

400

200

500

1.000

5

0

 

Armaşık [Armuşin] "

1.000

1.000

800

1.200

10

0

 

İğdeli "

200

200

400

600

10

0

 

Muşık [Muşih] Kışlası "

200

50

200

600

5

0

 

Muşık [Muşih] karyesi "

800

300

500

1.500

10

0

 

Avındır [Ağundır] "

500

300

400

1.000

10

2

 

Kosor "

1.500

1.000

2.000

12.000

50

2

 

Taht "

400

300

200

800

20

0

 

Ekitkom "

500

500

300

500

15

2

 

Ersinek[Arsenik] "

3.000

2.000

2.000

15.000

50

3

 

Mirhil "

200

50

500

1.500

10

2

 

[İ]ğnaki "

800

400

300

500

10

3

 

Nazırva[n]s "

1.000

500

400

800

15

4

 

Zadeğrek karyesi "

800

500

500

1.000

12

2

 

Vağaver karyesi "

1.000

1.000

700

1.000

15

3

 

Dıraskor [Digaskor] "

400

300

400

600

9

4

 

Paykis (?) "

200

50

100

500

4

2

 

Balkaya "

0

100

500

1.500

40

2

 

Yekûn-ı Umûmî

26.400

19.250

60.200

218.300

590

69

 
 
 
68. Massacre Perpetrated by Armenians in the Villages of Toptas, Gülpinar and Hamoglu Attached to Göle
 

Headed by Mazmanof Armenians attacked the villages of Toptas and Gülpinar bayoneting and killing the male Muslim population, shelling savagely with bombs women and children; the death toll amounted to five hundred persons, only eleven persons had succeeded in escaping from the massacre, the two villages were completely burnt down and destroyed, women and girls who fell into the hands of Armenians were raped; Armenians carried also away many Muslim women with them besides, the same Armenians attacking the village of Hamoglu murdered eight persons, set fire to most of the households and looted thousands heads of cattle.
 
21 Ra. 1339 (3. XII. 1920)
 
69. Atrocities and Pillages Perpetrated by Armenians in Twenty Four Villages Attached to Kars
 

Twenty four villages including the villages of Kosor, Arsenik, Ekitkom and Taht had been exposed to Armenians' attacks and looted, valuables, moneys, and ten thousands of cattle had been pillaged many girls and women raped and dishonored and abducted, more than hundred and fifty Muslim women, girls and men had been killed in various ways and hundreds of households burnt down; all these atrocities had been related by a notable of Kosor Ado Beyzade Mehmed Bey who was an eyewitness and stated all these cruelties in an official writing he had sent.
 
22 Ra. 1339 (4. XII. 1920)

 
70. Atrocities and Pillages Perpetrated by Armenian Soldiers in the Villages of Zeytun, Demirkapu and Pilümür
 
Armenians seized the goods of the inhabitants of Zeytun and killed eight persons. The attacks carried out by the soldiers of Mazmanof against the villages of Demirkapu and Pilümür resulted in the killing of more than twenty persons, raping and seizing of goods and cattle in Demirkapu the same violence had been also committed in the village of Pilümür
 
22 Ra. 1339 (4. XII. 1920)

71. Oppressions Perpetrated by Armenians in Villages Attached to Kars and Sarikamis
 
 
A list showing that during massacres perpetrated by Armenians in thirteen villages attached to Sarikamis, thousand and nine hundred seventy five persons had been killed and two hundred and seventy six households destroyed; moreover in Kars and Sarikamis provisions worth 2.353.000 silver liras, 45.700 heads of sheep, cattle valued at 17.355 silver liras and 5.926.800 silver liras cash moneys had been confiscated from the population.
 
22 Ra. 1339 (4. XII. 1920)
 
TABLES PROVIDED.  The link for this page is above.
 

72. Massacre and Pillage Perpetrated by Russians and Armenians in Villages Attached to Göle

Armenians together with Russians attacking the villages of Sipkor, Korevenk, Çölpenek and Himiskâr attached to Göle had killed more than one hundred and fifty Muslims and striking the villages of Harabealtinbulak, Karatavuk, Lalavergens strangled forty four Muslims; the people of the neighborhood in face of this situation began to immigrate; their goods and chattels left behind had been sacked and most of their homes burnt down.
 
24 Ra. 1339 (6. XII. 1920)
 
73. Atrocities Perpetrated by Armenians in Thirty Eight Villages in Digor
 
A copy book enumerating the details of the massacre and pillage committed by Armenians in thirty eight villages of Digor in Kars following the retreat of the Ottoman Authorities.
 
25 Ra. 1339 (7. XII. 1920)
 
74. Pillage And Extermination of the Muslim Population of Villages Attached to the Township of Karahamza in Sarikamis

In eighteen villages of the township of Karahamza attached to Sarikamis Armenians perpetrated massacre indulging in fantasies while killing five thousand three hundred and thirty seven Muslims and burned hundreds of homes, seizing cattles, sheep and goats, jewelleries and objects of value and hundreds tonnes of grains and other foods, all these facts are related in book written out by the council of the village.
 
2 R. 1339 (14. XII. 1920)
 
75. Large Scale Massacre Perpetrated by Armenians in the Townships of Bardiz, Kosor and Peneskird and the Villages Attached to them
 
During the massacre perpetrated by Armenians in the year 1920 in the township of Kosor and Bardiz; 38 villages attached to the township of Kosor had been plundered, thousands of heads of cattle and cash moneys seized more than five hundred persons separately killed besides, the villages of Toptas, Kelpekor, Lavustan, in the vicinity of the said township had been burnt down and about the whole of their population en masse killed; had been also shot down and killed a notable of Kagizman named Bahri Bey together with two hundred persons accompanying him; from villages attached to the township of Bardiz 112 houses had been burnt down, 139 destroyed 913 persons killed 29 girls and brides raped; 125 homeless children whose families had been killed, were also savagely slaughtered; in 24 villages attached to the township of Peneskirt 457 houses had been also destroyed and set fire to, 2,832 persons tortured and killed sometimes en masse, in these villages thousands of heads of cattle, goods and monies had been plundered.
 
7 R. 1339 (19. XII. 1920)
 

TABLES PROVIDED.  The link for this page is above.
 
76. Atrocities Perpetrated by Armenians in the Villages Attached to the Township of Haramivartan
 
By order of the Armenian General Osebian, Armenians assaulted eight villages attached to the township of Haramivartan and perpetrated atrocities and cruelties savagely killing one hundred thirty persons among them twenty five women and ten children snatching away three thousand eight hundred cattle, four thousand and five hundred sheep and hundred forty nine horses.
 
11 R. 1339 (23. XII. 1920)
 
77. Massacres and Pillages Perpetrated by Armenians in the Space of Two Years in One Hundred and Twenty Villages of The Districts of Seril, Saderek and Dereilyas
 
Lists reported showing that between the years 1918-1920 in the districts of Seril and Saderek attached to Nahcivan Armenians perpetrated massacres and lootings in fifty six villages killing 428 persons, destroying 2286 households leaving 7.778 persons homeless and as a consequence of 6.740 persons had fallen dead of famine, nakedness and maladies, 24 women had been raped 3.971.200 pots of provisions, 731.500 pots of cotton, 169.250 sheep and 47.367 heads of cattle seized and besides 360 shops, 21 schools and 38 small mosques and 21 workshops had been burnt; in the district of Dereilyas as a result of systematic extermination applied by Armenians in 54 villages 57.240 persons had been killed and 97.735 households destroyed.
 
15 R. 1339 (27. XII. 1920)
 
 
78. Massacres and Pillages Perpetrated by Armenians in Zarusad and Fifty five Villages Situated in Its Neighborhood
 

During a wholesale massacre perpetrated by Armenians in Zarusad and fifty five villages in its neighborhood a thousand and twenty six Muslims had been killed. Fifty seven thousand five hundred and twenty heads of oxen and calves and two hundred thousand two hundred and seventy four pots of grains plundered and sundry goods and objects worth six million nine hundred thousand and ninety liras looted; it has been proved that these massacres and pillages had been perpetrated upon orders of the General Osebyanis, the colonel Sakotof, Necelik Aram and the governor of Kars Karkanof by Maradhan, Sokaf and the General Sirob.
 
22 R. 1339 (3. I. 1921)

79. New Atrocities Are Being Perpetrated By Armenians in Erivan
 
Armenians started committing new atrocities against Muslims in the Region of Erivan (Yerevan); Lots of people had been killed in the villages of Sulludemirci, Asagibahtili, Haciilyas, Tomuzyiyen, Sullumihmandar and Yukaribahtili situated in the region of Zengibasar; almost the entire houses and mosques had been destroyed, moneys extorted, goods looted and women assaulted and raped; the population asked the Ottoman Government for help.
 
3 Ca. 1339 (13. I. 1921)
 

Holdwater: So how much help was the Ottoman government able to provide? Let's see now... how many Moslems live in Yerevan today... oh, yes. ZERO per cent.
 
80. Extermination of the Muslim Population in the Neighborhoods of Nahcivan and Igdir by the Armenians
 
According to the deposition made by some individuals from the population of the villages of Bulakbasi, Nevruz, Uluhanli, Kamerli, Cilehan, Seyhler, Koçak, Fakirler, Alimehmed and Hizirli which had been exposed to Armenian attacks and masskilling, following the occupation of Kars by the British army a peace accord had been signed and it was declared that those who want to return to their villages can go back home but Armenians, assaulted and killed the people returning back to their villages women and children and anyone they encountered on the roads, perforating and lacerating without distinction their bodies with bayonets, massacring the population with their artillery and machine guns, tearing to pieces by quartering the legs of baby in arms and crushing their skulls and even cutting and ripping open the abdomen of pregnant women and extracting unborn young with bayonets; in the village of Koçak Armenians after slitting the throats of women and children soaked with Kerosene their bodies and burned them, grabbing and pulling with clawed pincers the beards of old men until the whole skin of their faces were stripped off, the heads of children cut with axes and daggers and broken to pieces their eyes gouged, some of them pierced and skewered, all goods and cattle looted, thousands of Muslim people had been massacred, to such a degree that the Aras River was overflowing full of massacred and drowned bodies.
 
18 Ca. 1339 (28. I. 1921)

81. Massacre Perpetrated by Armenians in the Villages of Cemil and Möküz
 
 
Lists showing the number of persons killed and quantity of goods looted by Armenians in the village of Cemil, formerly named Islamkarakilisesi, where 66 houses had been destroyed goods pillaged, and many persons killed; in the village of Möküz after being taken as prisoners about 150 men, women and children had been killed; the names of native Armenians who participated with Armenians soldiers are also recorded in these lists also are recorded the quantity of goods and belongings seized from the Muslim population who had succeded to escape from the massacre and settled in the village of Kizilçakçak.
 
3 C. 1339 (12. II. 1921)

TABLE PROVIDED.  Individual victims, and their sufferings. The link for this page is above.
 
82. Mass Killings Perpetrated By Armenians in Muslim Villages Attached to Kars and Erivan
 
In the Kizilkule village attached to Erivan, Armenians slaughtered with axes especialy youths and children gouging out their eyes with heated broken bottles and then burning their corpses in cauldrons; in the village of Sabuncu one hundred and forty two persons had their mouths and noses cut and their eyes gouged out; young women and girls had been raped, parturient women (newly giving birth to young) thrown into cauldron with their new born babies and burnt forcing her husband to look on and then, he also was put to death and burnt; almost all of the Muslim population of the villages of Karagola, Tirlik, Pozbir, Tasnik, Subatan, Ani and Daynalik had been killed after they have undergone different kinds of tortures; all the cattle, valuables and moneys of the population had been seized.
 
1 B. 1339 (11. III. 1921)

83. Muslim Villages Situated in the Regions of Karakilis and Celaloglu are Exposed to Famine
 
Population of villages in the neighborhood of Karakilis deprived for the third year of the means to till and cultivate their lands and besides their stocks of provisions had been seized by the Reds, are exposed to famine and are contemplating to leave their villages and to emigrate to the region of Kars; people from Kars and Kagizman who had emigrated were returning and are dispatched to their villages; in villages of the regions of Karakilis and Celaloglu where formerly 27.000 people had lived, actually only 10.000 people live, the remainder had perished as a result of atrocities perpetrated against them and of other calamities.
 
24 B. 1339 (3. IV. 1921)

TABLE PROVIDED. The link for this page is above.
 
84. Lists Showing the Number of Muslim Population Killed and Villages Burned Down by Armenians in the Villages Attached to Erzerum

Fifty three persons of the Muslim population of the district of Pasinler had been killed, cash money seized from only thirty one Muslims totalled five million and six hundred seventy thousand liras, thousand and nine hundred thirteen heads of cattle had also been seized, in thirty nine villages attached to Erzerum a total of one thousand a hundred and eight house-holds had been burnt out and torn down, thousand two hundred fifteen persons killed; a hundred and seventy three homeless children had been settled in different charitable establishments.
 
20 Ra. 1340 (21. XI. 1921)
 
TABLES PROVIDED. The link for this page is above.
 
85. Atrocities Perpetrated by Armenians Against Muslim Population in Hinis
 
In 1918 after the withdrawal of Russians from occupied Hinis the atrocities committed by Armenians against Muslim population went increasing, they had gathered up the population of 16 villages and killed 682 people with their cattle by burning them up and looted all their goods and the remaining cattle and raped women and virgin girls; in the village of Söylemez Armenians assembled women, men and children in a house and, lighting a bull like a torch it loose to run over and kill all these people; As a consequence of the atrocities perpetrated by Armenians thousands of Muslims perished; after the withdrawal of the Russians from Erzerum Armenians killed 60 Muslims in the village of Tekederesi and 30 in Oyuklu village in Erzerum; words are not sufficient to express the ineffable horrors of tortures inflicted by Armenians in Erzerum upon the victims who had been even crammed into houses and burnt, women and young girls being raped and tortured.
 
21 Ra. 1340 (22. XI. 1921)

86. Atrocities Committed by Armenians in the Neighborhood of the Subdistrict of Tercan

According to informations given by the population residing in the district of Tercan which had been exposed to Armenians atrocities: in the subdistrict of Yavi 300 households of 70 villages had been demolished and set fire to, the greater part of the population taken away from their homes under the pretext of working on public roads had been killed; in the subdistrict of Mans fire had been set to more than 200 households in about forty villages and 60 persons had been killed; in 30 villages situated in the township of Karakulak hundred and twenty households had been burnt and forty persons killed; in 60 villages of the subdistrict’s seat thousand households had been destroyed and 120 persons killed; in the village of Mamahatun a mosque built by the Sultan Murad IV had been demolished, the government house and the school burnt and more than three hundred people thrown into wells and killed.
 
28 Ra. 1340 (29. XI. 1921)
 
87. Massacres Perpetrated by Armenians Against Muslim Population in Nahcivan and Its Vicinity 's villages
 
Büyükvedi the seat of forty five Muslim villages, is besieged by four thousand armed Armenians, many of their inhabitants had already been killed, the aim of the Armenians is to exterminate to the last one their muslim population while driving them into Aras(Arax) river; the Muslim population are gathering for self-defense; Armenians captured as prisoners are well treated; in order to protect the lives and goods of its people Nahcivan had joined the Republic of Azerbaijan thereupon Armenians took arms and started attacks against the Muslim population of the region of Ahuraciva and Ordubad and an Armenian military unit of forty soldiers killed Muslim people crossing through the pass of Arax; a train coming from Revan had been stopped at Gümrü and five hundred Muslim passengers killed; Russian and Armenians Bolsheviks battling with Georgians attacked Sulavird, Çikarak, Saraclu, Kosakilise, Haçinler, Kepenekçi, Bagilca, Lori, Basgeçid and many order Muslim villages and perpetrated large massacres, ravished women, looted large amounts of valuables and moneys and robbed thousand heads of cattle.
 
21 R. 1340 (22. XII. 1921)
 
88. Massacres and Pillages Perpetrated by Armenians and Greeks During the Occupation of Bayburd by the Russian Army
 
During of the occupation of Bayburd by the Russian army and its withdrawal Armenians and Greek bandits killed without distinction, women and children and everyone they encountered on the streets and in the houses, flaying skins, raping women and ripping the abdomen of those enceintes and extracting their fetuses, forcibly gathering Muslim people under the pretext of distributing breads and then cramming them into a store and setting fire to, killing about five hundred Muslims of the township and the villages’ Muslim population and breaking into houses seizing goods and cattles; in many township and villages’ mosques, masjids, schools, coranic schools, dervishes convents, hotels, public baths, shops, government and municipalities’ offices had also been entirely burnt up too.
 
24 Ra. 1340 (25. XII. 1921)
 
Holdwater: Greeks?

89. Killing by Armenians of Muslim People Living in the Villages of Süregel and Arzuti
 
Twenty eight persons, men, women and children from Süregel while on their way back home coming from Arpaçay had been savagely killed by Armenians they encountered; Armenians withdrawing from Erzerum gathered up hundred and twenty eight Muslims in the village of Arzuti and slaughtered them all.
 
15 Za. 1340 (10. VII. 1922)
 
 
 
 

Age

 

Age

Arab oğlu İsmail Ağa

80

Mustafa oğlu Mevlûd

65

Mevlûd oğlu Muharrem

40

Mustafa oğlu Kadir

55

Mevlûd oğlu Alişan

65

Mustafa oğlu Şerif

22

Alişan oğlu Nazım

16

Mustafa oğlu Arif

20

Hurşid oğlu Ziya

45

Mustafa oğlu Halim

17

Hoca oğlu Abdullah

70

Hamdullah oğlu Şevki

18

Mehmed oğlu Ramiz

55

Kadir oğlu Cemal

18

Rıdvan oğlu Ali

25

Osman oğlu Ali

75

Mehmed oğlu Hakkı

18

Ali oğlu Süleyman

50

Osman oğlu Hamza

25

Süleyman oğlu Münir

16

Tosun oğlu Kadir

15

Abdulkadir oğlu Mehmed

65

Ali oğlu Kürd İbrahim

60

İbrahim oğlu Mehmed Çavuş

45

İbrahim oğlu Halil

17

İbrahim oğlu Akif

60

Mehmed oğlu Musa

35

Akif oğlu Faik

18

Mehmed oğlu Receb

45

Akdağlı oğlu Abdurrahman

70

Hüseyin oğlu Mustafa

60

Mehmed oğlu Receb

55

Hüseyin oğlu Dursun

25

Mikdad oğlu İsmail

18

Mustafa oğlu Yusuf

20

   
 
Holdwater: Yep... actual human beings with names, done in mainly by the poor, helpless and innocent Armenians.
 
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© Holdwater 
tallarmeniantale.com/massacres-documented.htm
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