16 January 2007

1366) Breakdown of Armenian Terrorist Incidents, 1973-1987 & Comparing the Black Liberation Army to the Dashnaks



I have seen another version of this breakdown, with slightly altered words, and without providing credit. The author was Prof. Heath Lowry, while serving as Executive Director of the Institute of Turkish Studies in Washington, and the following was reproduced in the ATAA publication, Armenian Allegations: Myth and Reality, A Handbook of Facts and Documents, 1987.

While these events were transpiring, the prejudiced western world had given its tacit approval to the acts of these maniacs. Armenian genocide" articles would often accompany reports of the latest terrorism attack (an excruciating example coming from TIME Magazine's coverage of one in Turkey), and the rare times terrorists got caught in nations of the West, they would usually serve "slap-on-the-wrist" sentences. Now that we are in the 21st century and Americans in particular have come to experience the effects of terrorism firsthand, readers can better evaluate the appalling death and destruction the Armenian terrorists have caused... still identified as "freedom fighters" by most leaders of the Armenian community, and the western media often has developed amnesia over these deadly occurrences. These events finally came to a halt, among other reasons, when "Armenian" started becoming synonymous with "terrorism," and that was hugely counter-productive to the sympathy-seeking aim that serves as an integral part of Hai Tahd, the Armenian Cause. No matter; the murderous incidents served their purpose, bringing this genocide mythology to the forefront of people's minds, paving the road for immoral pro-Armenians to sell their propaganda to bigots conditioned to accept their mostly invented version of events at face value. Keeping with the proud tradition of the Dashnaks, who wrote the cookbook for future terrorists to follow... "publicity" was, after all, a primary underlying motive for the 1896 Ottoman Bank takeover.


CHRONOLOGICAL BREAKDOWN OF ARMENIAN
TERRORISTS INCIDENTS 1973—1987

(The asterisks appearing below indicate attacks resulting in deaths.)

January 27, 1973*
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Santa Barbara, California): A 78-year old Armenian immigrant, Gourgen Yanikian, assassinated Mehmet Baydar (the Turkish Consul-General in Los Angeles), and Bahadir Demir (the Turkish Consul in Los Angeles), at the Biltmore Hotel in Santa Barbara. These assassinations were the first link in the ongoing chain of Armenian terrorism, i.e., Yanikian became the ‘founding father’ of the current round of Armenian terrorism;

Gourgen Yanikian; by cutting down two innocent men in the prime of life, the homicidal gentleman became an Armenian hero

April 4, 1973
FRANCE (Paris): Two bombs exploded outside the offices of the Turkish Consulate and the Turkish Airlines Offices respectively. Though no one was injured, damage was extensive. While no group claimed responsibility, law enforcement authorities are convinced an Armenian group was the perpetrator;

October 26, 1973
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (New York City, New York): The Turkish Information Office received a package containing a bomb and a letter addressed to the Consul General, from a group identifying itself as the ‘Yanikian Commandos’ (I.e., named after the perpetrator of the January 27, 1973 assassinations in Santa Barbara, California). The bomb was defused by the police;

January 20, 1975
LEBANON (Beirut): In the course of a 1978 press conference, a spokesman for the Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (hereafter: ASALA) claimed that his group’s initial operation had been the January 20, 1975, bombing of the Beirut offices of the World Council of Churches;

February 7 1975
LEBANON (Beirut): The offices of the Turkish Information and Tourism Bureau were the target of a bomb attack. A Lebanese policeman was injured while attempting to defuse the bomb. The attack was claimed by ASALA's ‘Prisoner Gourgen Yanikian Group’;

February 20, 1975
LEBANON (Beirut): A one-kilogram bomb exploded in front of the offices of the Turkish Airlines Offices in Beirut, causing extensive damage. Credit for the attack was claimed by ASALA’s ‘Prisoner Gourgen Yanikian Group’;


Danis Tunaligil

October 22, 1975*

Danis Tunaligil

AUSTRIA (Vienna): Three armed gunmen stormed the Turkish Embassy in Vienna and assassinated the Turkish envoy, Ambassador Danis Tunaligil. The three gunmen, who escaped, were armed with automatic weapons manufactured in Israel, Great Britain and Hungary. A group calling itself ‘The Armenian Liberation Army’ claimed credit for the operation;

October 24. 1975 *
FRANCE (Paris): The Turkish Ambassador to France, Ismail Erez, was assassinated in his automobile in the vicinity of the Embassy. Also killed in the attack was Talip Yener, the driver. Responsibility was initially claimed by a group identifying itself as the ‘Commandos of the Avengers of the Armenian Genocide.’ Subsequently, a telephone call to the offices of Agence France Presse in Beirut, Lebanon, claimed the assassinations were the work of the ‘Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia’ (ASALA):

October 28, 1975
LEBANON (Beirut): A rocket attack. resulting in extensive damage, was carried out against the Turkish Embassy in Beirut. The attack was claimed by.ASALA;

February 16, .1976*
LEBANON (Beirut): Oktar Cirit, the First Secretary of the Turkish Embassy in Beirut was assassinated by a lone terrorist while sitting in a salon on Hamra Street. The gunman escaped. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;


May 17, 1976
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY (Frankfurt, Essen and Cologne): Turkish consulates in three German cities were the subject of bomb attacks resulting in extensive damages. While no specific group claimed credit, anonymous telephone calls identified the perpetrators as Armenians;

May 28, 1976
SWITZERLAND (Zurich): The Swiss branch of the Turkish ‘Grants Bank and the offices of the Turkish Labor Attache were destroyed by two bomb attacks. A third bomb, planted at the offices of the Turkish Tourism Bureau was defused before detonating. While no specific group claimed responsibility, law enforcement authorities believe the attacks were carried out by an Armenian terrorist organization calling itself the Justice Commandoes of the Armenian Genocide’ (hereafter: JCAG):

March 2, 1977
LEBANON (Beirut); Powerful explosives destroyed the automobiles belonging to the Turkish Embassy’s Military (Nahit Karakay) and Administrative (Ilhan Ozbabacan) attachés. ASALA claimed credit tor the bombings;

May 14. 1977
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb exploded in the offices of the Turkish Tourism Bureau in Paris, slightly injuring the caretaker. Two separate Armenian groups claimed responsibility for the attack: A) the New Armenian Resistance Group’: and, B) the ‘Youth Action Group’:

May 29, 1977*
TURKEY (Istanbul): A powerful bomb ripped through Istanbul’s Yesilköy Airport. killing five persons and injuring forty-two (one of whom was a U.S. citizen). On the same day, a similar bomb exploded in Istanbul’s Sirkeci Train station, killing one and injuring ten. The terminal building was heavily damaged. The Agence France Presse offices in Athens, Greece received an anonymous telephone call from a group calling itself the “28 May Armenian Organization” claiming credit for the bombings;

June 6, 1977
SWITZERLAND (Zurich): A powerful bomb destroyed a store belonging to a Turkish citizen named Huseyin Bülbül. While no group claimed responsibility, it is assumed to have been the work of Armenian terrorists.

June 9, 1977*

Taha Carim


ITALY (Vatican City): Taha Carim, Turkey's ambassador to the Holy See, was assassinated in front of his residence by two terrorists. In telephone calls to the ‘AP’ offices in Beirut, the JCAG claimed credit for the attack;

October 4, 1977

The late, great Prof.
Stanford Shaw.


UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): A bomb exploded in front of the home of Professor Stanford Shaw, an American Jewish professor of Turkish history at U.C.L.A. While no one was injured, the bomb caused extensive damage. ‘UPI’ received an anonymous call claiming that the bombing was the responsibility of the ‘Armenian Group of 28’;

"When Armenian American Bernard Ohanian was Editorial Director of The National Geographic, read by over 19 million worldwide, a propaganda piece entitled, “The Rebirth of Armenia” (March 2004) and arranged by a Frank Viviano and Alexandra Avakian, stated 'dozens of Turkish diplomats and nationals were murdered, allegedly by Armenian terrorists.'”

Günay Evinch, "The Armenian Cause Today," The Turkish American, Summer 2005


January 2, 1978
BELGIUM (Brussels): An office building housing Turkish banking services was shattered by a bomb attack. An Armenian terrorist group calling itself ‘The New Armenian Resistance’ claimed credit for the attack;

June 2, 1978*

Necla Kuneralp

SPAIN (Madrid): Three terrorists attacked the automobile of the Turkish Ambassador (Zeki Kuneralp) with automatic weapons, as it left the Embassy grounds. The Ambassador’s wife, Necla Kuneralp, and retired Turkish Ambassador Besir Balcioglu were killed in the attack. A Spanish chauffeur, Antonio Torres, was wounded and died while undergoing surgery in the hospital. On June 3rd, an anonymous caller claimed that ASALA was responsible for the attack. Later, the JCAG group also claimed credit;

December 6, 1978
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): A bomb exploded in front of the Turkish Consulate, causing extensive damage. The ‘New Armenian Resistance Group’ claimed responsibility;

December 17, 1978
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): A bomb exploded at the Turkish Airlines Offices in Geneva causing extensive damage. Credit for the attack was claimed by ASALA;

July 8, 1979
FRANCE (Paris): Four separate bomb attacks were carried out against Turkish offices in the French capital: 1) a bomb was detonated at the Turkish Airlines Offices; 2) a second, at the offices of the Labor Attaché; 3) a third, at the Turkish Tourist Bureau; and 4) a fourth explosive, planted at the office of the Turkish Permanent Representative to the O.E.C.D., was defused by police prior to exploding. In an anonymous call to the Agence France Presse, the attacks were claimed by the JCAG terrorist organization;

August 22, 1979
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): A bomb was thrown at a car driven by Niyazi Adali, the Turkish Consul in Geneva. While he was not injured, two other cars were damaged and two Swiss pedestrians were slightly injured. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;


August 27, 1979
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY (Frankfurt): The Turkish Airlines Offices in Frankfurt were destroyed by a bomb blast. A passenger in a passing streetcar was injured. ASALA claimed responsibility for the attack;

October 4, 1979
DENMARK (Copenhagen): Two Danish citizens were injured when a bomb (left in a basket) near the Turkish Airlines Offices exploded causing heavy damage. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;

October 12, 1979 *

Ahmet Benler

NETHERLANDS (The Hague): Ahmet Benler, the 27-year-old son of the Turkish Ambassador (Özdemir Benler), was assassinated in his car as he pulled away from a traffic light at an intersection in the capital. Ten witnesses watched, as the doctoral student at Delft Technical University was killed. The gunman escaped. Both the JCAG and ASALA terrorist organizations claimed the attack;

October 30, 1979
ITALY (Milan): The offices of the Turkish Airlines were heavily damaged in a bomb attack. Credit for the explosion was claimed by ASALA;

November 8, 1979
ITALY (Rome): The offices of the Turkish Embassy’s Tourism Attaché were heavily damaged;

November 18, 1979
FRANCE (Paris): Bomb explosions damaged three airline offices in central Paris: 1) The Turkish Airlines Offices; 2) KLM, the Dutch Airlines Offices; and 3) Lufthansa, the German Airlines Offices. Two French policemen were hurt in the explosions. ASALA claimed responsibility for all three incidents;

November 2S, 1979
SPAIN (Madrid): Bombs exploded in front of the Madrid offices of Trans World Airlines and British Airways. ASALA, who claimed responsibility for these attacks, stated that they were intended as warnings for Pope John Paul to cancel his planned visit to Turkey;

December 9, 1979
ITALY (Rome): Two bombs exploded in downtown Rome, damaging the offices of Pan American Airlines, World Airways, British Airlines, and the Philippine Airways. Nine individuals were injured in the explosions. A group identifying itself as the ‘New Armenian Resistance Movement’ claimed credit;

December 17, 1979
UNITED KINGDOM (London): Extensive damage was caused when a bomb exploded in front of the Turkish Airlines’ London offices. A group calling itself the ‘Front for the Liberation of Armenia’ claimed responsibility;

December 22, 1979*

Yilmaz Colpan

FRANCE (Paris): Yilmaz Colpan, the Tourism Attaché at the Turkish Embassy, was assassinated by a lone gunman while walking on the crowded Champs Elysees. Several groups, including ASALA, the JCAG, and the ‘Commandos of Armenian Militants Against Genocide’ claimed responsibility for the assassination;

December 22, 1979
NETHERLANDS (Amsterdam): Heavy damage resulted from a bomb explosion in front of the Turkish Airlines Offices. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;

December 23, 1979
ITALY (Rome): A bomb exploded in front of a World Council of Churches refugee center (the Dina Boarding House) in Rome. This center was being utilized as a transit point for Armenian refugees leaving Lebanon. ASALA claimed credit for the attack and warned the Italian authorities to halt ‘The Armenian Diaspora’;

December 23, 1979
ITALY (Rome): Three bomb explosions occurred in front of the Rome offices of Air France and Trans World Airlines, injuring a dozen passersby. ASALA claimed responsibility, stating that the bomb had been placed “in reprisal against the repressive measures of French authorities against Armenians in France”;

Between 1973 and the present, Armenian terrorists have committed 239 acts of terrorism which have killed at least 70 and wounded 524 innocent people. Armenian terrorists have taken 105 hostages, “executing” 12, one of them an American woman. The Armenian terrorist bombing campaign that accounted for at least 160 of the 239 attacks caused [the] vast majority of the deaths and woundings. In addition, the Armenian terrorist bombing campaign caused 160 incidents of property destruction, totaling several hundred million dollars in property damage in the United States, Europe, Middle East and Australia.

Of the 239 terrorist attacks, 71 were conducted by Armenian Americans, and 30 occurred on American soil. According to the FBI, between 1980-86, Armenian terrorism accounted for the second highest number of terrorist incidents in the United States. According to the FBI, two Armenian groups are directly responsible for this terrorism: the left-wing “Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia” (ASALA) and the right-wing “Justice Commandos of the Armenian Genocide” (JCAG). Twenty-two captured and incarcerated North American Armenians include:

Dikran Berberian, Los Angeles, JCAG
Vartan Chirinian, Van Nuys, ASALA
Steven John Dadaian, Los Angeles, JCAG
Hratch Kozibioukian, Van Nuys, ASALA
Siranouche Kozibioukian, Van Nuys, ASALA
Suzy Mahseredjian, San Francisco, ASALA
Monte Melkonian, Dinuba, ASALA
Krikor Saliba, Los Angeles, JCAG
Karnig Sarkissian, Los Angeles, JCAG
Harout Sassounian, Los Angeles, JCAG
Hampig Sassounian, Los Angeles, JCAG
Viken Hovespian, Los Angeles, JCAG
Vicken Tcharkhutian, Hollywood, ASALA
Viken Yacoubian, Los Angeles, JCAG
Gourgen Yanikian, Los Angeles
Haig Balian, Ottawa, ASALA
Haroutium Kevork, Ottawa, ASALA
Haig Karkhanian, Ottawa, ASALA
Melkon Karakhanian, Ottawa, ASALA
Kevork Marachelian, Ottawa, JCAG
Ohannes Noubarian, Ottawa, JCAG
Rafi Panos Titizian, Ottawa, JCAG

That’s just the tip of the iceberg.

Günay Evinch, "The Armenian Cause Today," The Turkish American, Summer 2005

January 10, 1980
IRAN (Tehran): A bomb exploded in front of the Turkish Airlines Offices causing extensive damage. ASALA claimed responsibility for the attack;

January 20, 1980
SPAIN (Madrid): A series of bomb attacks, resulting in numerous injuries, occurred in front of the offices of Trans World Airlines, British Airways, Swissair, and Sabena. A group calling itself the ‘Commandos for Justice for the Genocide of Armenians’ claimed credit for the attacks;

February 2, 1980
BELGIUM (Brussels): Two bombs exploded (within five minutes of each other) in front of the offices of the Turkish Airlines and the Soviet Aeroflot, in central Brussels. The ‘New Armenian Resistance Group’ issued a communique in which they claimed responsibility for both attacks;

February 2, 1980
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb exploded in front of the Soviet Embassy’s ‘Information Center’ in Paris. The ‘New Armenian Resistance Group’ claimed credit for the attack;

February 6, 1980
SWITZERLAND (Bern): A lone terrorist opened fire on Turkish Ambassador Dogan Turkmen, as he sat in his automobile in front of the Turkish Embassy in Bern. The Ambassador escaped with minor wounds. The would-be assassin, an Armenian named Max Klindjian, was subsequently arrested in Marseilles and returned to Switzerland for trial. The JCAG terrorist organization claimed credit for the attack;

February 18, 1980
ITALY (Rome): Offices of three airlines (Swissair, El Al, and Lufthansa) were damaged in two bomb attacks. ASALA claimed credit for the attacks. An anonymous telephone call to the Rome ‘AP’ offices stated that the three airlines were targeted for the following reasons: A) Swissair—as a warning to the Swiss government not to jail innocent Armenians; B) Lufthansa—as a punishment to the German government which assists Turkish fascism; and C) El Al—because of the role of Zionism.

March 10, 1980*
ITALY (Rome): The Turkish Airlines’ and Turkish Tourism Bureau’s Rome offices on the Piazza della Republica were the sites of two bomb explosions. The blast killed two Italians and injured fourteen. Credit for the attack was claimed by the ‘New Armenian Resistance of the Armenian Secret Army’;

April 17, 1980
ITALY (Rome): The Turkish Ambassador to the Holy See, Vecdi Türel, was shot and seriously wounded in an attack by three Armenian terrorists, while riding in his automobile near his residence. His guard and chauffeur, Tahsin Guvenc, was also slightly wounded in the assassination attempt. JCAG claimed responsibility for the attack;

May 19, 1980

FRANCE (Marseille): A rocket aimed at the Turkish Consulate in Marseilles was discovered and defused prior to exploding. ASALA and a group calling itself ‘Black April’ claimed credit for the attack;

July 31, 1980*

Neslihan Ozmen

GREECE (Athens): Galip Ozmen, the Administrative Attaché at the Turkish Embassy in Athens, and his family were attacked by Armenian terrorists while sitting in their car. Galip Ozmen and his fourteen-year-old daughter, Neslihan, were killed in the attack. His wife, Sevil, and sixteen-year-old son, Kaan, were wounded. Credit for the double killing was claimed by ASALA;

August 5, 1980*
FRANCE (Lyon): Two terrorists stormed into the Turkish Consulate in Lyon and demanded the doorman tell them the location of the Consul. They subsequently opened fire, killing two and injuring several other bystanders. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;

August 11, 1980
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (New York): Two ‘paint bombs’ were thrown at the front of the ‘Turkish House’ (the building housing the Turkish United Nations Delegation as well as the New York Turkish Consulate). A letter attached to one of the ‘bombs’ stated that the purpose of the attack was to “remind the imperialist Turkish government of the crimes they have committed against the Armenian people.” It was signed: ‘An Armenian Group”;

September 26, 1980
FRANCE (Paris): Selcuk BakaIbasi, the Press Counselor at the Turkish Embassy in Paris, was shot twice as he entered his home. Bakalbasi survived, but is permanently paralyzed as a result of his injuries. ASALA and a group calling itself the ‘Armenian Secret Army Organization’ claimed responsibility for the attack;

October 3, 1980
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): Two Armenian terrorists were injured when a bomb they were preparing exploded in their Geneva hotel room. The two, Suzy Mahseredjian from Canoga Park, California, and Alexander Yenikomechian, were arrested by the Swiss authorities. Their arrest led to the formation of a new ASALA affiliate (the group to which they belonged) called the ‘October 3 Organization,’ which subsequently struck at Swiss targets throughout the world;

October 3, 1980
ITALY (Milan): Two Italians were injured when a bomb exploded in front of the Turkish Airlines offices in Milan. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;

October 5, 1980
SPAIN (Madrid): The offices of the Italian Airlines, Alitalia, were rocked by a bomb explosion which injured twelve individuals. The ‘Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia’ claimed responsibility for the attack;

October 6, 1980
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): The home of the Turkish Consul General in Los Angeles, Mr. Kemal Arikan, was slightly damaged when two molotov cocktails were thrown at it. An anonymous telephone caller stated that the attack had been made in the name of Armenians;

October 10, 1980
LEBANON (Beirut): Two bombs exploded near Swiss offices in West Beirut. A few days later, a group calling itself the ‘October 3 Organization’ claimed responsibility for these bombings as well as others directed against Swiss offices in England;

October 10, 1980
LEBANON (Beirut): An automobile belonging to a Swiss diplomat was destroyed by a bomb blast in West Beirut. Subsequently, the ‘October 3 Organization’ claimed credit for the attack;

October 12, 1980
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (New York City, New York): A bomb planted under a stolen car parked in front of the ‘Turkish House’ in New York City exploded. Four American citizens were injured in the blast and nearby offices experienced extensive damage. JCAG assumed responsibility for the blast in a telephone call to news media representatives;

October 12, 1980
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): A travel agency in Hollywood, whose owner was a Turkish-American, was destroyed by a bomb blast. The JCAG terrorist organization claimed responsibility for the blast;

October 12, 1980
UNITED KINGDOM (London): The Turkish Tourism and Information Bureau’s London offices were damaged by a bomb explosion. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;

October 12, 1980
UNITED KINGDOM (London): A Swiss shopping complex in central London was damaged by a bomb blast. Callers to news agencies claimed the explosion was the work of the ‘October 3 Organization’;

October 13, 1980
FRANCE (Paris): A Swiss tourist office in Paris was damaged by a bomb explosion. The group calling itself the ‘October 3 Organization’ claimed credit for the attack;

October 21, 1980
SWITZERLAND (Interlaken): A time bomb which failed to detonate was found on a Swiss train en route from Paris to Interlaken. Law enforcement authorities believe the bomb was placed by the ‘October 3 Organization’;

November 4, 1980
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): The Swiss Palace of Justice in Geneva was heavily damaged by a bomb explosion. Swiss authorities announced that they believed the bomb was related to the two ASALA terrorists (Suzy Mahseredjian & Alexander Yenikomechian) arrested on October 3, 1980. Subsequently, credit for the explosion was claimed by the ‘October 3 Organization’;

Holdwater: The MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base (TKB) tells us Suzy Mahseredjian, from Canoga Park, was injured while these two were assembling a bomb, and was allowed to return to the USA by a Swiss court.

November 9, 1980
FRANCE (Strasbourg): Heavy damage resulted from a bomb blast at the Turkish Consulate in Strasbourg. The attack was claimed by ASALA operating in conjunction with a group calling itself the ‘Turkish-Kurdish Worker’s Party’;

November 10, 1980
ITALY (Rome): The Rome Swiss Airlines office and the Swiss Tourist Offices were both the targets of bomb explosions, which injured five people. The ‘October 3 Organization’ immediately claimed credit for the explosions. Subsequently, ASALA and the ‘Turkish Kurdish Worker’s Party’ also claimed responsibility;

November 19, 1980
ITALY (Rome): The offices of the Turkish Embassy’s Tourism Representative and those of the Turkish Airlines were damaged by a bomb explosion. ASALA claimed responsibility for the blast;

November 25, 1980
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): The offices of the Union of Swiss Banks in Geneva were hit by a bomb explosion which injured one individual. Responsibility for the attack was claimed by the ‘October 3 Organization’;

December 5, 1980
FRANCE (Marseille): A police expert defused a time bomb left at the Swiss Consulate in Marseille. Law enforcement officials believe the bomb was planted by the ‘October 3 Organization’;

December 15, 1980
UNITED KINGDOM (London): Two bombs placed in front of the French Tourism Office in London were defused by a Scotland Yard bomb squad. The ‘October 3 Organization’ claimed responsibility for the bombs, and stated they were’ a warning to the French for assistance they had rendered the Swiss;

December 17, 1980*
AUSTRALIA (Sydney): Two terrorists on a motorcycle assassinated Sarik Ariyak, the Turkish Consul General in Sydney, and his bodyguard, Engin Sever, as they entered their automobiles in front of the Consulate. JCAG claimed responsibility for the assassinations;

December 25, 1980
SWITZERLAND (Zurich): A bomb explosion destroyed a radar monitor at Kloten Airport (Zurich), and, a second explosive planted on the main runway of the airport was defused by bomb squad experts. The ‘October 3 Organization’ claimed credit for these attacks;

December 29, 1980
SPAIN (Madrid): A Spanish reporter was seriously injured while investigating a bomb explosion at the Swissair Offices in Madrid (as he telephoned the story to his paper, a second bomb destroyed the telephone booth he was using). The two explosions were claimed by the ‘October 3 Organization’;

December 30, 1980
LEBANON (Beirut): The Crédit-Suisse offices in Beirut were bombed. ASALA claimed credit for this attack on behalf of their ‘October 3 Organization’;

January 2, 1981
LEBANON (Beirut): In a press communique, ASALA threatened to “attack all Swiss diplomats throughout the world.’ This threat was made in response to the alleged mistreatment of ‘Suzy & Alex’, the two ASALA terrorists imprisoned in Switzerland. On January 4th, ASALA issued a statement postponing all strikes against Swiss interests until January 15, 1981;

January 14, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb exploded in the car of Ahmet Erbeyli, the Financial Counselor of the Turkish Embassy in Paris. Erbeyli was not injured, though the explosion totally destroyed his car and was responsible for serious damage to nearby buildings. A group calling itself the ‘Alex Yenikomechian Commandos’ of ASALA claimed credit for the explosion;

January27, 1981
ITALY (Milan): The Swissair and the Swiss Tourist Offices in Milan were damaged by bomb explosions. Two Italian passers-by were injured. The ‘October 3 Organization’ claimed credit for the bombings in a call to local media representatives;

February 3, 1981
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): Los Angeles bomb squad officials disarmed a bomb left on the doorstep of the Swiss Consulate. Anonymous phone calls claimed the bomb was the work of the ‘October 3 Organization’ and promised that such attacks would continue until ‘our friend’ (Suzy Mahseredjian) was released;

February 5, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): Bombs placed at the Paris offices of Trans World Airlines and Air France exploded, injuring one and causing extensive damage. A group identifying itself as the ‘October 3 Armenian Nationalism Movement’ claimed credit for the attacks;

March 4, 1981*
FRANCE (Paris): Two terrorists opened fire on Resat Morali (the Labor Attache at the Turkish Embassy in Paris), Tecelli An (a Religious Affairs Official at the Embassy), and Ilkay Karakoc (the Paris representative of the ‘Anadolu Bank’), as they left Morali’s office and prepared to enter their automobiles. The first to be targeted was Tecelli An. Morali and Karakoç tried to flee the scene. Morali, who tried to hide in a cafe, was thrown out by the owner and shot to death by the terrorists, while Karakoç succeeded in escaping. The terrorists who were observed by numerous passers-by escaped. Tecelli An, who was seriously wounded in the opening phase of the attack, died the next day in a Parisian hospital. The ‘Shahan Natali Group’ of ASALA claimed responsibility for the assassinations;

Holdwater: Hopefully, the cafe owner was not treated as a hero by his genocide-supporting countrymen.

March 12, 1981*
IRAN (Tehran): A group of terrorists attacked the Turkish Embassy in Tehran, killing two guards during the attempted takeover. Two of the perpetrators were captured by local authorities and were later executed. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;

April 3, 1981
DENMARK (Copenhagen): Cavit Demir, the Labor Attache at the Turkish Embassy in Copenhagen, was shot by a lone terrorist as he attempted to enter his apartment building late in the evening. After a series of operations, the seriously wounded Demir regained his health. Both ASALA and the JCAG Armenian terrorists claimed the attack;

June 3, 1981
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): Bombs planted by Armenian terrorists at the Anaheim Convention Center, forced the cancellation of performances scheduled by a Turkish Folk Dance Group. In the following days, threats of similar bombings in San Francisco forced the group’s Northern California performances to be cancelled as well;

June 9, 1981*
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): Mehmet Savas Yerguz, a secretary in the Turkish Consulate in Geneva was assassinated by a lone terrorist as he left the Consulate. The assassin, an Armenian named Mardiros Jamgotchian was apprehended by the authorities. ASALA claimed responsibility for the attack. The arrest of Jamgotchian led to the formation of a new ASALA branch called the ‘Ninth of June Organization’, which subsequently was responsible for several bombings of Swiss targets in Switzerland and other European countries;

June 11, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): A group of Armenian terrorists, led by one Ara Toranian, occupied the offices of the Turkish Airlines in Paris. Initially ignored by the French authorities, the terrorists, supporters of ASALA, were finally evicted from the premises, following formal protests from the Turkish Embassy;

June 19, 1981
IRAN (Tehran): A small bomb placed in the Tehran offices of Swissair exploded, causing minor damage. ASALA’s ‘Ninth of June Organization’ claimed responsibility for the attack;

June 26, 1981
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): A small bomb exploded in front of the Swiss Banking Corporation Offices in Los Angeles. The attack was claimed by the ‘Ninth of June Organization’;

July 19, 1981
SWITZERLAND (Bern): A bomb exploded in a trash bin at the Swiss Parliament Building in Bern. Subsequently, an anonymous caller claimed the attack was the work of the ‘Ninth of June Organization’;

July 20, 1981
SWITZERLAND (Zurich): A bomb exploded in an automatic-photo booth at Zurich’s International Airport. The attack was claimed by the ‘Ninth of June Organization’;

July 21, 1981
SWITZERLAND (Lausanne): A bomb placed in the ‘women’s wear’ section of a department store in Lausanne injured twenty women shoppers. ASALA’s ‘Ninth of June Organization’ claimed credit for the attack;

July 22, 1981
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): A bomb placed in a coin-operated locker at the Geneva Train Station exploded, injuring four people. Law enforcement authorities credited the attack to the ‘Ninth of June Organization’;

Holdwater: It is because of the actions of criminals as these that the very useful lockers at train and bus depots have become a relic of the past, at least in most of the USA.

July 22, 1981
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): A second bomb placed in a locker at the Geneva Railway Station exploded approximately one hour after the first. Police had cordoned off the area following the first explosion, thereby preventing injuries from the second. The Swiss authorities also credited this second explosion to ASALA's "Ninth of June Organization."

August 11, 1981
DENMARK (Copenhagen): Two bombs exploded and destroyed the offices of Swissair in Copenhagen. An American tourist was injured in the explosion. The ‘Ninth of June Organization’ claimed responsibility for the attacks;

August 20, 1981
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): A small explosive device was detonated outside the offices of the Swiss Precision Instruments, Inc. in Los Angeles. The attack was claimed by ASALA’s ‘Ninth of June Organization’; August 20, 1981 FRANCE (Paris): An early morning bomb explosion damaged the Paris offices of the Alitalia Airlines. An anonymous caller credited the attack to the ‘Armenian Movement October 3 Organization’;

August 22, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): An early morning bomb explosion occurred in front of the Paris offices of Olympic Airlines. An anonymous caller claimed the attack for the ‘October 3 Armenian Organization’;

September 15, 1981
DENMARK (Copenhagen): A bomb exploded in front of the Turkish Airlines Offices in Copenhagen, injuring two people (one of them seriously). Police experts managed to defuse a second bomb prior to its detonation. Credit for the attack was claimed by a group calling itself ‘Sixth Armenian Liberation Army’;

September 17, 1981
IRAN (Tehran): A bomb explosion damaged a Swiss Embassy building in Tehran. ASALA’s ‘Ninth of June Organization’ claimed responsibility;

September 24, 1981 *

Cemal Ozen

FRANCE (Paris): Four Armenian terrorists occupied the Turkish Consulate in Paris. During their entry into the building, the Consul, Kaya Inal, and a security guard, Cemal Ozen, were seriously wounded. 56 hostages were taken by the terrorists, 2 of whom (the terrorists) were slightly wounded. The terrorists eventually allowed the wounded Inal and Ozen to be taken to the hospital, where Ozen died from his injuries. When their demands for the release of ‘Armenian political prisoners in Turkey’ were not met, the terrorists requested ‘political prisoner status’ and surrendered to the French authorities. The four terrorists, all of whom were Armenians from Lebanon, were members of ASALA;

October 3, 1981
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): The main post office and the City Courthouse of Geneva were hit by bomb explosions. The courthouse being the site where an ASALA member was scheduled to go on trial for murder. The ASALA ‘Ninth of June Organization’ claimed credit for the attacks, which injured one person slightly;

October 25, 1981
ITALY (Rome): A lone terrorist attempted to assassinate Gokberk Ergenekon, a Second Secretary at the Turkish Embassy in Rome. Ergenekon, who was wounded in the arm, got out of his automobile and returned the terrorist’s fire. The terrorist, who was wounded by Ergenekon, managed to flee the scene of the attack. ASALA claimed credit for the attempted assassination in the name of the ‘September 24th Suicide Commandos,’ i.e., in the name of the ASALA terrorists who had occupied the Turkish Consulate in Paris;

October 25, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): Fouquet’s, the fashionable French restaurant on the Champs-Elysees, was the target of a bomb attack which injured three employees. A group calling itself ‘September-France’ claimed the attack;

October 26, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): A booby-trapped automobile exploded in front of ‘Le Drugstore,’ a fashionable shop on the Champs-Elysees. The ‘September-France’ group claimed responsibility for the attack;

October 27, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb explosion in the parking lot of Paris’ Roissy Airport destroyed a parked car. The ‘September-France’ group claimed the attack;

October 27, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): A second bomb exploded in a trash can near a busy escalator in the Roissy Airport. No one was injured in the explosion. The ‘September-France’ group claimed responsibility;

October 28, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): A crowded Paris movie theater was the site of a bomb explosion which injured three people. The ‘September-France’ group claimed responsibility;

November 3, 1981
SPAIN (Madrid): A bomb exploded in front of the Swissair offices in Madrid, injuring three persons. The attack, which resulted in considerable damage to nearby buildings, was claimed by ASALA;

November 5, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb exploded in the Parisian Gare de Lyon train station, injuring one person and causing considerable damage to luggage lockers. Subsequently, the attack was claimed by an Armenian terrorist organization, styling itself as the ‘Orly Organization’;

November 12, 1981

Monte Melkonian

LEBANON (Beirut): Simultaneous bomb explosions occurred in front of three French offices in Beirut: A) the French Cultural Center; B) the Air France offices; and C) the home of the French Consul. No one was injured in the attacks which caused extensive physical damage. The ‘Only Organization’ (named for an Armenian arrested at the French airport on charges of using false documents), claimed the attacks, and demanded the immediate release of Monte Melkonian, the Armenian-American detained in France;

November 14, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb explosion damaged an automobile parked near the Eiffel Tower in Paris. A caller claimed the attack for the ‘Orly Organization’ and announced that it was ‘The First Warning’;

November 14, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): A group of tourists disembarking from a siteseeing boat on the River Seine were subjected to a grenade attack. No one was injured. The ‘Orly Organization’ claimed the attack;

November 15, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): The ‘Orly Organization’ issued a threat to blow up an Air France airplane in flight;

November 15, 1981
LEBANON (Beirut): Simultaneous bomb attacks were carried out against three French targets in Beirut; A) the Union des Assurances de Paris; B) the Air France offices; and C) the Banque Libano-Fnançaise. No one was injured in the attacks which caused extensive physical property damage. The ‘Orly Organization’ claimed responsibility for the attacks;

November 15, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): The ‘McDonald’s Restaurant’ in Paris was the site of a bomb explosion, claimed by the ‘September-France’ and ‘Only Organization’;

November 16, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb planted in the luggage lockers at Paris’ Gare de l’Est railroad terminal exploded, injuring two poeple and causing property damage. The ‘Orly Organization’ claimed responsibility for the attack;

November 18, 1981
FRANCE (Paris): The ‘Orly Organization’ announced it had planted a bomb at Paris’ Cane du Nord. No explosive device was located;

November 20, 1981
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): The Turkish Consulate in Beverly Hills was hit by a bomb explosion which caused extensive physical damage. The JCAC Armenian terrorist organization claimed credit for the attack;


January 13, 1982
CANADA (Toronto): A bomb exploded at the Turkish Consulate in Toronto causing extensive damage. The ASALA terrorists claimed the attack.

January 17, 1982
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): Two bombs exploded near parked automobiles in Geneva. The ASALA ‘Ninth of June Organization’ claimed credit for the attacks;

January 17, 1982
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb exploded at a branch of the Union of Banks of Paris, and a second explosive device was disarmed at a branch of the Credit Lyonnais. The ‘Orly Organization’ claimed credit for the two explosive devices;

January 19, 1982
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb exploded in the Air France office in the Palais des Congrés in Paris. The ‘Only Organization’ claimed the attack;

January 28, 1982*

Kemal Arikan
(1927-1982)

Hampig Sassounian

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): Kemal Anikan, the Turkish Consul General in Los Angeles was assassinated by two terrorists while driving to work. One of the assassins, Hampig Sassounian (a 19 year old immigrant from Lebanon) was arrested and subsequently tried and convicted of the crime. He is currently serving a life sentence in California’s San Quentin prison. His accomplice, believed to be one Krikor Saliba, escaped to Lebanon. The JCAG Armenian terrorist group took credit for the assassination;

March 22, 1982
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Cambridge, Massachusetts): A gift and import shop belonging to Orhan Gündüz, the Honorary Turkish Consul in Boston, was bombed, and Gündüz was severely wounded by the bomb explosion. The JCAG claimed responsibility for the attack:

March 26, 1982*
LEBANON (Beirut): A movie theater in the Armenian section of Beirut (which frequently showed Turkish films), was destroyed by a powerful bomb explosion, which killed two people and injured more than sixteen. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;

April 8, 1982
CANADA (Ottawa): Kani Güngör, the Commercial Attaché at the Turkish Embassy in Ottawa, was seriously wounded in an attack by Armenian terrorists which took place in the garage of his apartment house. ASALA claimed responsibility for the attack;

April 24, 1982
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY (Dortmund): Several Turkish owned businesses suffered extensive damages in bomb attacks. The ‘New Armenian Resistance Organization’ claimed responsibility for the bombings;

May 4, 1982*
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Cambridge, Massachusetts): Orhan Gündüz, the Turkish Honorary Consul in Boston, was assassinated while driving his automobile, by a lone Armenian terrorist. The JCAG group claimed responsibility for the attack. Despite the fact that U.S. President Ronald Reagan ordered an all-out manhunt for the assassin, no one was apprehended;

May 10, 1982
SWITZERLAND (Geneva): Bombs exploded at two Geneva banks. The attacks, which caused extensive physical damage, were claimed by an Armenian group calling itself the ‘World Punishment Organization’;

May 18, 1982
CANADA (Toronto): A total of four Armenians were arrested on charges of attempting to extort money from Armenian businessmen to support the ‘Armenian Cause.’ The home of one of the intended victims was firebombed a day after he refused to comply with the terrorists’ demands;

May 18, 1982
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Tampa, Florida): Nash Kanahan, the Honorary Turkish Consul in Tampa, repulsed (by drawing a gun) the attempt of two Armenian terrorists to enter the Consulate offices;

May 26, 1982
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): A bomb damaged the Los Angeles office of the Swiss Banking Corporation. Four Southern California Armenians (Vicken Tchankutian, Hratch Kozibioukian, Stranouche Kozibioukian, and Vrant Chininian), all of whom are accused of involvement in ASALA, were suspected of perpetrating this attack;

May 30, 1982
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): Three American Armenian members of ASALA were arrested and charged with placing an explosive device in front of the Air Canada Cargo Building at the Los Angeles International Airport. The bomb was defused by members of the L.A. Police Department’s bomb squad.

June 7, 1982*
PORTUGAL (Lisbon): The Administrative Attaché at the Turkish Embassy in Lisbon, Enkut Akbay, and his wife, Nadide Akbay, were assassinated by a lone terrorist in front of their home. JCAG claimed responsibility for the attack;

July 1, 1982
NETHERLANDS (Rotterdam): Kemalettin Demiren, the Turkish Consul General in Rottendam, was shot at in his automobile (as he approached the Consulate) by four Armenian terrorists (one of whom was apprehended by Dutch police). Deminer escaped injury in the incident. A previously unknown group calling itself the ‘Armenian Red Army’ claimed responsibility for the attempted assassination;

Holdwater: The perpetrator, Penyemin Evingulu, was sentenced to six years by the Dutch.

July 21, 1982
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb explosion near a crowded Parisian cafe in the Place Saint-Sevnin, injured sixteen people. Credit for the explosion was claimed by the ‘Orly Organization,’ who stated that it was in retaliation for the failure of French authorities to keep their promise to grant political asylum to the four terrorists who perpetrated the takeover of the Turkish Consulate on September 24, 1981;

July 26, 1982
FRANCE (Paris): Two women were injured when a bomb exploded in Paris’ ‘Pub Saint Genmaine.’ The ‘Only Organization’ claimed the attack;

August 2, 1982
FRANCE (Paris): Pierre Gulumian, a suspected Armenian terrorist, was killed (apparently when a bomb he was making exploded) in his Paris apartment;

August 7, 1982*
TURKEY (Ankara): Ankara’s Esenboga Airport was subjected to a major attack by two Armenian terrorists who opened fine in a crowded passenger waiting room with guns and grenades. One of the terrorists took more than twenty hostages in the airport’s restaurant, while the second was apprehended by police. In the ensuing shootout with the hostage-holding terrorist, nine individuals (including an American and a West German hostage) were killed. Eighty-two others were injured. ASALA claimed credit for the attack. The apprehended terrorist, Levon Ekmekjian, was subsequently tried, convicted and executed for his role in the attack;

August 8, 1982
FRANCE (Paris): French bomb squad officials successfully defused a bomb found near a telephone center in Paris ‘Seventeenth District.’ The ‘Orly Organization’ took credit for the attack;

August 12, 1982
FRANCE (Paris): A policeman assigned to protect the offices of the Turkish Tourism Attaché in Paris was fired upon by Armenian terrorists. He escaped the attack without injury. No group claimed credit for this attack;

August 27, 1982*
CANADA (Ottawa): Colonel Atilla Altikat, the Military Attaché at the Turkish Embassy in Ottawa, was assassinated by a volley of shots fired into his can at a stoplight in Ottawa. The JCAG Armenian terrorist organization claimed responsibility for the assassination;

September 9, 1982*
BULGARIA (Bungaz): Bora Suelkan, the Administrative Attaché at the Turkish Consulate in Burgaz, was assassinated by a lone terrorist in front of his home. The assassin escaped, leaving behind a piece of cloth upon which was written: ‘We shot dead the Turkish diplomat: Combat Units of Justice Against the Armenian Genocide.’ An anonymous caller to the ‘AP’ in Beirut, Lebanon, claimed the assassination was the work of ASALA;

October 26, 1982
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): Five Armenians were charged with conspiring to blow up the offices of the Honorary Turkish Consul in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Their plan was to have planted a bomb in the offices of Kanat Arbay, the Honorary Consul. The five Armenians, all from the Los Angeles area, were mentioned in the arrest warrants as being attached to the JCAG Armenian terrorist organization;

December 8, 1982*
GREECE (Athens): Two Armenians on a motorbike threw a bomb at the offices of the Saudi Arabian Airlines in Athens. The bomb hit a power pylon, exploded, and killed one of the terrorists. His accomplice, an Armenian from Iran named Vaheh Kontaverdian, was arrested and admitted throwing the bomb, though he refused to give any further information to the police. Greek law enforcement authorities subsequently announced that ASALA had claimed credit for the attack in protest of Saudi Arabia’s support for Turkey;


January 21, 1983
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Anaheim, California): Nine ‘sophisticated’ pipe bombs were confiscated from an Armenian bakery in Anaheim, after the detonator from one of the devices detonated and caused a fire. The owner, an Armenian named Hagop Avedisian, told police he had not been threatened;

January 22, 1983
FRANCE (Paris): French police defused a powerful explosive device (a one kilogram bomb), which was discovered near the Turkish Airlines Counter at Paris’ Orly Airport. ASALA claimed responsibility for the incident;

January 22, 1983
FRANCE (Paris): Two terrorists attacked the Paris offices of the Turkish Airlines in Paris with hand grenades. No one was injured in the explosions, and one of the terrorists was arrested. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;

February 2, 1983
BELGIUM (Brussels): The offices of the Turkish Airlines were bombed in Brussels. The ‘New Armenian Resistance Organization’ claimed responsibility for the attack;

February 28, 1983
LUXEMBOURG: A bomb placed in front of Turkey’s diplomatic mission was discovered and defused. The Armenian Reporter, an Armenian publication in New York, reported that the group known as the ‘New Armenian Resistance Organization’ had issued a communique claiming credit for the attack;

February 28, 1983*
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb exploded at the Turkish owned ‘Manmara Travel Agency’ in Paris. Killed in the explosion was Renee Monin, a French secretary. Four other Frenchmen were wounded in the explosion. The bomb also caused heavy damage to the building. A few minutes after the attack, ASALA claimed responsibility;

March 9, 1983*

Galip Balkar

YUGOSLAVIA (Belgrade): Galip Balkar, the Turkish Ambassador to Yugoslavia, was ambushed and assassinated by two Armenian terrorists in Central Belgrade. His chauffeur, Necati Kayer, was shot in the stomach. As the two assailants fled from the scene, they were chased by Yugoslav citizens. One of the terrorists shot and wounded a Yugoslav colonel, and in turn was shot and apprehended by a plain clothes policeman. The second terrorist opened fire on civilians who were chasing him and killed a young student, and wounded a young girl. The JCAG claimed responsibility for the attack. The two terrorists, Kirkor Levonian and Raffi Elbekian, were tried and sentenced by the Yugoslav authorities;

March 31, 1983
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY (Frankfurt): An anonymous caller claiming to represent ASALA, telephoned a threat to the German offices of the Turkish newspaper, Tercuman in Frankfurt. He threatened to bomb the offices and kill the staff if the newspaper continued writing against the ‘Armenian Cause’;

May 24, 1983
BELGIUM (Brussels): Bombs exploded in front of the Turkish Embassy’s Culture and Information Offices, and in front of a Turkish owned travel agency (the ‘Manmara’) in downtown Brussels. The Italian director of the travel agency was wounded in the explosion. ASALA claimed credit for the attacks;

June 16, 1983*
TURKEY (Istanbul): Armenian terrorists carried out an attack with hand grenades and automatic weapons inside Istanbul’s world famous ‘Covered Bazaar.’ Two Turkish citizens were killed in the attack (together with one of the terrorists), and twenty one other Turks were wounded. ASALA claimed responsibility for the attack;

July 8, 1983
FRANCE (Paris): Armenian terrorists attacked the offices of the ‘British Council’ (the official British Government Cultural Organization), protesting against the trial of Armenian terrorists in London;

July 14, 1983 *
BELGIUM (Brussels): Armenian terrorists shot and killed Dursun Aksoy, the Administrative Attache at the Turkish Embassy in Brussels, while he was driving his automobile. Three groups, ASALA, JCAG, and a previously unknown organization, the ‘Armenian Revolutionary Army’ (Hereafter: ARA), all claimed responsibility for the assassination;

July 15, 1983*

V. Garabedian

FRANCE (Paris): A bomb exploded in front of the Turkish Airlines counter at Paris’ Only Airport. The explosion killed eight people, including four Frenchmen, two Turks, one American, and one Swede. In addition, some 60 other individuals (including 28 Turks) were injured by the explosion. A 29 year old Syrian-Armenian named Varoujan Garabedian, who claimed to be the head of ASALA in France, confessed to having planted the bomb. He admitted that the bomb was intended to have exploded once the plane was airborne;

July 15, 1983
UNITED KINGDOM (London): A bomb, similar in construction to that which exploded at Only on the same day, was found and defused before it exploded. ASALA claimed responsibility for the attack;

July 18, 1983
FRANCE (Lyon): A bomb threat was made by ASALA against the Lyon Railroad Station;

July 20, 1983
FRANCE (Lyon): Armenian terrorists threatened to blow up Lyon’s Pernache Railroad Station, causing the facility’s evacuation. ASALA claimed credit for the threat;

July 22, 1983
IRAN (Tehran): A French Embassy building and the Air France office in Tehran were bombed. ASALA claimed the attack in the name of the ‘Orly Organization’;

July 27, 1983 *

Cahide Mihcioglu

PORTUGAL (Lisbon): A group of five Armenian terrorists attempted to storm the Turkish Embassy in Lisbon. Failing to gain access to the Chancery, they occupied the residence, taking the Deputy Chief of the Mission, his wife and family, hostage. When explosives being planted by the terrorists detonated, Cahide Mihcioglu (the wife of the DCM) was killed, together with four of the terrorists. The DCM, Yurtsev Mihcioglu and his son Atasay were injured. The fifth terrorist had been killed in the initial assault by Turkish Security forces. One Portugeuse policeman was also killed and another was wounded. The ARA claimed responsibility;

July 28, 1983
FRANCE (Lyon): Once again a threat that a bomb was planted in Lyon’s Penrache Railroad Station forced the evacuation of the facility. The caller claimed the bomb was planted by ASALA. A thorough search of the facility failed to uncover any explosive device;

July 29, 1983
IRAN (Tehran): A threat to blow up the French Embassy in Tehran with a rocket attack, caused Iranian officials to increase security at the facility. The threat emanated from the ‘Orly Organization’ who demanded the release of twenty-one Armenians imprisoned in France;

July 31, 1983
FRANCE (Lyon & Rennes): Bomb threats made by Armenian terrorists forced French authorities to order the emergency landing of two domestic French flights carrying 424 passengers. The planes landed at Lyon and Rennes respectively. A search of the airliners failed to uncover any explosives;

August 10, 1983
IRAN (Tehran): A bomb exploded in an automobile at the French Embassy in Tehran. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;

August 17, 1983
IRAN (Tehran): A car being driven by a local representative of Air France in Tehran was attacked by automatic weapons. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;

August 25, 1983*
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY: French Consulate offices were destroyed by a bomb blast which killed two and injured twenty-three others. ASALA claimed responsibility for the attack;

September 9, 1983
IRAN (Tehran): Two French Embassy cans in Tehran were firebombed. One of the bombs injured two embassy staff members. ASALA claimed credit for the attacks;

October 1, 1983 *
FRANCE (Marseille): A bomb blast destroyed the Soviet, U.S., and Algerian pavilions at an International Trade Fair in Marseille. One man was killed and twenty-six other people were injured in the explosion. ASALA’s ‘Orly Organization’ claimed credit for the attack;

October 6, 1983
IRAN (Tehran): A French Embassy vehicle was bombed in Tehran. Two passengers were injured in the explosion. The ‘Orly Organization’ claimed credit for the attack;

October 29, 1983
LEBANON (Beirut): A can drove up to the front of the French Embassy in Beirut. One man got out and threw a hand grenade onto the staircase leading into the building. He was apprehended by security guards, but his accomplices escaped. ASALA claimed responsibility for the attack;

October 29, 1983
LEBANON (Beirut): The Turkish Embassy was attacked by three Armenian terrorists. One of the assailants, Sarkis Danielian, a 19 year old Lebanese Armenian was apprehended by guards. ASALA claimed responsibility for the attack;


February 8, 1984
FRANCE (Paris): A terrorist threat that a bomb had been placed on an Air France plane scheduled for a 1:00 p.m. departure, forced a one and a half hour delay of an Air France Flight to New York. A thorough search of the airliner did not discover any explosives;

March 28, 1984 *
IRAN (Tehran): A timed series of Armenian terrorist attacks were carried out against Turkish diplomatic targets in the Iranian capital of Tehran. The following incidents occurred:

a) Two Armenian terrorists shot and seriously wounded Ismail Pamukcu, a Master-Sargeant assigned to the office of the Turkish Military Attaché in Tehran. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;
b) Hasan Servet Oktem, First Secretary of the Turkish Embassy was slightly wounded in an attempted assassination as he left his home;
c) Ibrahim Ozdemir, the Administrative Attaché at the Turkish Embassy alerted Iranian police to the fact that two suspicious looking men were standing in front of his house. The two men, who turned out to be Armenian terrorists, were arrested by the Iranian authorities;
d) At 2:00 p.m. in the afternoon, Iranian police arrested three Armenian terrorists who were loitering outside the Chancery of the Turkish Embassy;
e) An Armenian terrorist was killed when a bomb he was attempting to plant in the car of the Assistant Commercial Counselor at the Turkish Embassy exploded prematurely.The counselor, lsil Unel was not injured. The dead terrorist was later identified as an Armenian named Sultan Gregorian Semaperdan;

March 29, 1984
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (Los Angeles, California): The Turkish Consulate in Los Angeles received a written threat to assassinate a Turkish athlete should he attempt to participate in the forthcoming Los Angeles Olympics. The threat was signed by ASALA;

April 8, 1984
LEBANON (Beirut): A Communique warning all international airlines with flights to Turkey that they would be considered as military targets, was issued in Beirut by ASALA;

April 26, 1984
TURKEY (Ankara): It was announced that the Turkish Prime Minister, Turgut Ozal, had received a threat warning him that if he went ahead with a pIanned visit to Tehran, Iran, ASALA would schedule a major terrorist operation against his country;

April 28, 1984*

Isik Yonder

IRAN (Tehran): Two Armenian terrorists riding a motorcycle, opened fire on a car driven by lsik Yönder, as he drove his wife, Sadiye Yönder to the Turkish Embassy where she worked as a secretary. lsik Yönder was killed in the attack. The assassination was claimed by ASALA;

June 20, 1984*
AUSTRIA (Vienna): A bomb exploded in a car belonging to Erdogan Ozen, an Assistant Labor and Social Affairs Counselor at the Turkish Embassy in Vienna. Ozen was killed in the explosion, and five other individuals (including two Austrian policemen) were seriously wounded in the attack. The ARA terrorists claimed credit for the attack;

Holdwater: The female caller (said to be from Paris) explained that Vienna had been chosen for its "...Symbolic value, because those who avenge the genocide struck there for the first time in 1975."

June 25, 1984
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: A news agency office in Paris, France received a letter sent by ASALA, in which the Armenian terrorist organization threatened to attack all governments, organizations, and companies, who assisted in any way whatsoever, Turkey’s olympic team at the Los Angeles Olympics.

August 13, 1984
FRANCE (Lyon): A bomb exploded in the Lyon Railroad Station, causing minor damage due to a malfunction. ASALA claimed credit for the attack;

September, 1984
IRAN (Tehran): Several Turkish owned firms in Tehran came under attack by Armenian terrorists, following receipt of warning letters informing the firms that they were to be targeted. The first such attack was an explosive device thrown into the offices of the major Turkish Construction Firm, the Sezai Turkes-Fevzi Akkaya Company. A Turkish employee was injured while fighting the fire caused by the explosion;

September 1, 1984
IRAN (Tehran): Iranian authorities announced that they had foiled a plot by Armenian terrorists to assassinate Ismet Birsel, the Turkish Ambassador to Tehran;

September 3, 1984*
TURKEY (Istanbul): An explosion in a car parked near the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, killed two Lebanese-Armenians. Authorities speculate they were killed when a bomb they were trying to place, exploded prematurely. The ARA terrorist organization claimed credit for the explosion;

November 19, 1984*
AUSTRIA (Vienna): A Turkish national, Enver Ergun, employed by the United Nations’ Vienna ‘Center for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs,’ was assassinated while waiting for a red light in his automobile. A piece of cloth bearing the initials: A.R.A. was thrown into the car by the fleeing assassin;

Holdwater: Shots fired numbered six.

December, 1984
BELGIUM (Brussels): Belgian law enforcement authorities continue to investigate a bombing attempt at the residence of Selcuk Incesu, an official at the Turkish Embassy in Brussels. Police discovered an explosive device in front of his apartment. No group has claimed the attack;

December 29, 1984
LEBANON (Beirut): Two French buildings in East Beirut were bombed. ASALA claimed credit for the attacks;

December 29, 1984
FRANCE (Paris): Following receipt of an ASALA threat to blow up an Air France plane in flight, police increased security at the Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris;


January 3, 1985
LEBANON (Beirut): The West Beirut offices of the Agence France Presse were extensively damaged when a bomb exploded. ASALA claimed responsibility for the attack;

January 3, 1985
LEBANON (Beirut): Military bomb disposal experts defused a six-pound bomb planted outside the entrance to the ‘French-Lebanese’ bank in the Ram let al-Baida district of West Beirut. ASALA claimed responsibility for the attack;

March 3, 1985
FRANCE (Paris): An anonymous caller claiming to represent ASALA threatened to attack French interests all over the world. The call which was made to Agence France Presse, threatened French authorities over the verdict meted out to three terrorists who had participated in the Orly attack;

March 12, 1985
CANADA (Ottawa): Three heavily armed Armenian terrorists stormed the Turkish Embassy in Ottawa, killing a Canadian Pinkerton security guard in the process. After blowing up the front door with explosives the gunmen entered the building. Ambassador Coskun Kirca managed to escape by jumping from a second-story window (and suffered extensive injuries in the fall). He remained lying on the ground throughout the ensuing four-hour siege. Finally, the hostages (who included the wife and daughter of the Ambassador) were released unharmed and the terrorists surrendered. The ARA claimed responsibility for the attack. The three apprehended terrorists are currently awaiting trial in Canada;

Holdwater: The hostages numbered eleven in all; the terrorists gave up in four hours.

March 26, 1985
CANADA (Toronto): A threat to blow up the city of Toronto’s transit system by an Armenian terrorist organization, led to massive security procedures being implemented in Toronto. Traffic during the city’s rush hours was stalled as police searched the subway system for explosives. A group calling itself the ‘Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of our Homeland’ claimed responsibility for the threat;

November, 1985
BELGIUM (Brussels): A special anti-terrorist security squad of the Belgian police arrested three suspected Armenian terrorists (carrying Portuguese passports), who were loitering outside the residence of Ambassador Osman Olcay, Turkey’s NATO Envory in Brussels. Investigations are continuing;

November 28, 1985
FRANCE (Paris): French police arrested the American-Armenian leader of the terrorist organization known as the ‘Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia-Revolutionary Movement’ (ASALA-RM), Mr. Monte Melkonian. Melkonian, from the Fresno area of California, was formerly a top lieutenant of Hagop Hagopian, the founder of ASALA, who split from ASALA and formed his own terrorist organization (ASALA-RM) following the ASALA attack on the Orly Airport. In Melkonian’s apartment, police confiscated weapons, explosive devices, and arrival and departure information on Turkish Ships scheduled to visit France. In addition, they found a picture of Turkey’s Ambassador of France, Adnan Bulak, leading to speculation that he may have been targeted for assassination by ASALA-RM;

December, 1985
FRANCE (Paris): Forty-one shoppers in two of Paris’ leading department stores (Gallerie Lafayette & Printemps) were injured when nearly simultaneous bomb explosions ripped through the stores. Police estimate that in the ensuing panic some 10,000 Christmas shoppers fled into the streets. Twelve of the injured are listed as serious. The Armenian Reporter, a U.S. Armenian weekly published in New York, reported in its December 12, 1985 issue that French law enforcement authorities are concentrating their investigation on ASALA as the most likely perpetrator of the bombings. ASALA took credit for the two bombings;

February 2-8, 1986
FRANCE (Paris): A hitherto unknown group calling itself ‘Committee of Solidarity with Arab and Middle Eastern Political Prisoners’ (CSAMEPP), carried out a series of four bombings in various sections of the French capital. Given the fact that their demands included the release of an ASALA terrorist, Varoujan Garabedian, currently imprisoned in France, the likelihood that ‘CSAMEPP’ represents a coalition effort between Armenian and Arab terrorists is high;

March 17, 1986
FRANCE (Lyon): An express train travelling from Lyon to Paris was bombed, resulting in injuries to 10 passengers. Both ‘CSAMEPP’ and ‘ASALA’ claimed credit for the attack;

March 20, 1986*
FRANCE (Paris): A bomb placed in a busy Paris shopping arcade exploded killing two and wounding oven 30 others. This attack was claimed by the ‘CSAMEPP’ group which once again reiterated its demand that Varoujan Garabedian, the ASALA terrorist convicted for the 1983 bombing of the Turkish Airlines Counter at Orly Airport, be released;

September 4, 1986
FRANCE (Paris): The detonator of a bomb planted on a Paris commuter train went off, but the bomb itself was defused after passengers were evacuated. The group calling itself ‘Committee of Solidarity with Arab and Middle Eastern Political Prisoners’ (CSAMEPP) claimed credit for the attack and repeated its demand for the release of three imprisoned terrorists, including ASALA’s Varoujan Garabedian;

September 9, 1986*
FRANCE (Paris): Paris’ City Hall was rocked by a powerful bomb explosion which killed a post office employee and wounded 18 other individuals. The ‘CSAMEPP’ group claimed responsibility, once again restating their demand for the release of ASALA’s Varoujan Ganabedian and two other Middle Eastern terrorists held in France;

September 10-15, 1986*
FRANCE (Paris): A series of bombings throughout the city of Paris resulted in the deaths of two and injuries of close to 100 people. ‘CSAMEPP’ claimed credit;

September 16, 1986*
FRANCE (Paris): Five people were killed and 52 wounded when a bomb planted by the ‘CSAMEPP’ terrorists exploded in the Montpannasse Quarter of the French capital. The terrorists reiterated their demand that ASALA’s Vanoujan Garabedian and two other Middle Eastern terrorists be freed from French prisons;

October 9, 1986
LEBANON (Beirut): The ‘Armenian Secret Army for the the Liberation of Armenia’ (ASALA) released a handwritten statement to western news agencies in Beirut, threatening more violence against France, unless Varoujan Garabedian and two other Middle Eastern terrorists were released from prison. The statement claimed that ASALA would strike at French planes, airports, ships, trains and diplomats in retaliation for police raids on homes of Armenians living in France. It further promised France would be hit with “additional blows with vast damage and grave consequences’ if Garabedian were not freed. The wording of the ‘ASALA’ statement leaves no doubt but that this Armenian terrorist organization was one of the perpetrators of the series of bombings which rocked Paris in September, and, which resulted in the deaths of 10 people and the wounding of more than 160 others;

October 15, 1986
LEBANON (Beirut): Three ‘ASALA’ terrorists, led by the organization’s spokesman, Mihran Mihranian, met with French newsmen in the Lebanese capital, and renewed their threats to strike French targets unless their imprisoned comrades are released. They claimed to have been negotiating with French authorities, and their spokesman Mihranian stated: “We are waiting for the French government to keep its promise [the release of Ganabedian]. Otherwise we will resume our operations, which we can assure will be more vicious. ASALA has already declared that all French presence in the world are military targets. We defy Chirac and promise Mitterand catastrophies in the event they renege on their promise, that is, the release of political prisoners.;”

Holdwater: It has been speculated that Mihranian was an alias for the elusive Hagop Hagopian, head ASALA honcho.

November, 1986
FRANCE (Paris): A half dozen Armenian terrorists, claiming to represent the ‘Armenian Revolutionary Army,’ occupied the Air Canada offices in Paris in protest for the sentencing of three Armenian terrorists in Canada. After barricading themselves in the offices for an hour they surrendered to police;

November 23, 1986
AUSTRALIA (Melbourne): A powerful can bomb exploded inside the basement of the Turkish Consulate in this Australian city, killing one person and causing considerable damage to the five-story building. The victim was subsequently identified as one of the perpetrators, an Armenian named Hagop Levonian. His accomplice, Levon Demirian of Victoria was subsequently arrested and changed with the bombing. This Armenian terrorist attack was claimed by a group calling itself the ‘Greek-Bulgarian-Armenian Front’ (GBAF). This was the first occasion upon which Armenian terrorists have utilized this name;


January 19, 1987
AUSTRALIA (Brisbane): A bomb exploded in a package at a mail sorting facility and injured six people. Responsibility for the explosion was claimed by the group calling itself ‘Greek- Bulgarian-Armenian Front’ (GBAF);

January 20, 1987
GREECE (Athens): On the occasion of its 12th. Anniversary, the ‘Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia’ (ASALA), issued a message to the Armenian people, from their headquarters in Athens, Greece. The message, which appears to have emanated from ASALA’s political arm, the Athens based ‘Armenian Popular Movement,’ names the enemies of the Armenian people as “the Turkish fascist state, and its supporters, international imperialism and zionism. . .‘ The ASALA message received wide coverage in the Greek press, including the pro-government english-language daily ‘Athens News’ which published quotes from the ‘ASALA’ communique;

February 11, 1987
LEBANON (Beirut): A communique issued in the Lebanese capital confirmed ASALA’s responsibility for the 1986 bombings in the French capital of Paris. In a typewritten statement delivered to a western news agency in Beirut, the Armenian terrorist organization stated: “France should start adopting the needed steps and procedures to release Armenians as well as Arab patriots. A truce like period of calm between us and the French government must have convinced the public opinion that we respect the interests and security of the French and other peoples. The wave of explosions will return to the streets of France, all French economic, air traffic and marine facilities will be subjected to sabotage.’ ASALA further claimed responsibility for the 1986 Paris bombings and reiterated its demand for the release of Vanoujan Garabedian.

(*indicates attacks resulting in deaths.)
PARTIAL UPDATE

Naturally, Dr. Lowry's list which listed incidents until its preparation time of Feb. 1987 did not include terrorist episodes occurring after that month and year. Unfortunately, I don't have the time to prepare an extensive epilogue; the following has been obtained from the MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base (TKB).

Dr. Lowry's March 2-8, 1986 conclusion that the "coalition effort between Armenian and Arab terrorists is high" may explain that some of these later incidents might have had something to do with the itch to commit terrorism, even if the cause no longer serves reason.

Oct. 5, 1987 (page)
LEBANON. Two French Embassy guards were killed and another critically wounded when gunmen opened fire on them as they were shopping in East Beirut. A person claiming to be a spokesman for ASALA claimed responsibility, while others close to the group denied having carried out the attack. Another group called the Tanyus Shahin Armed Unit also claimed responsibility, demanding that the French release George Ibrahim Abdallah from prison and stop interfering with Lebanese affairs.

Feb. 2, 1988 (page)
LEBANON. A Frenchman, identified as an intelligence agent, was killed by two gunmen firing from point-blank range in East Beirut. Jacques Merrin was killed just minutes after conferring with the director of Lebanese Internal Security. Papers Merrin was carrying at the time of his death were stolen by his assailants. A statement claiming the assassination by ASALA was followed by another statement denying involvement.

Dec. 19, 1991 (page)
HUNGARY. A gunman attacked the bullet-proof limousine carrying the Turkish Ambassador to Budapest. The ambassador was not injured in the attack, which was claimed by ASALA in Paris. The attack was the first attack against a Turkish diplomat in six years by the radical Armenian group.

October 24, 1995 (page)
BELGIUM. A bomb was found and defused at the Ziraat Turkish bank branch in Brussels. The Armenian Resistance Group claimed responsibility.

October 24, 1995 (page)
NETHERLANDS. A Semtex bomb wrapped in a white plastic bag was found and defused at a Turkish bank in Amsterdam. A group called Armenian Resistance Group claimed responsibility for the attempted bombing.

June 20, 1997 (page)
BELGIUM. A bomb exploded at the Turkish Embassy in Brussels. A caller claimed responsibility in the name of Gourken Yanikian Military Units, a cover name formally used by ASALA. The perpetrator could possibly be a lone Armenian or the PKK using the cover name. PKK deny responsibility.

----------------------------------------------------
© Holdwater
 © www.tallarmeniantale.com
The source site of this article gets revised often, as better information comes along. For the most up-to-date version, and the related photos, the reader may consider reviewing the direct link as follows:

www.tallarmeniantale.com/terrorism-breakdown.htm
-----------------------------------------------------




Comparing the Black Liberation Army to the Dashnaks




Ambassador Morgenthau gives an idea of what happens to Americans committing high treason in the United States:

"But I am told," said Von Jagow, "that there will be an insurrection of German-Americans if your country makes war on us."

"Dismiss any such idea from your mind," I replied. The first one who attempts it will be punished so promptly and so drastically that such a movement will not go far. And I think that the loyal German-Americans themselves will be the first to administer such punishment."

"Ambassador Morgenthau's Story," 1918, page 40.


An article in the Jan. 24, 2007 issue of The New York Times was thought-provoking, when applied to the "Armenian Question." Entitled "8 Arrested in 1971 Killing of San Francisco Police Officer." The reporter, Jesse McKinley, opened the piece up with: "Eight men, including seven described as members of the radical Black Liberation Army, were arrested on Tuesday on charges of murdering a police officer here in 1971 and waging a violent five-year battle against the police and federal authorities."

The Black Liberation Army (BLA) was described as "a violent offshoot of the black nationalist Black Panthers, which operated from the late 1960s until the early 1980s." (Coincidentally paralleling somewhat closely, the terror spree of Armenian groups such as ASALA and the JCAG, from 1973 until the early 1990s.)

We're not going to get into the motivation or history of the black movement, other than to remind readers that African-Americans were still not allowed to be part of American society by the 1960s, which led to rightful protest. The civil rights movement was led by activists as Martin Luther King, Jr., which followed Gandhi-like strategies of non-violence. Naturally, fringe groups stressing violence — such as the BLA — also sprang up.

So let's apply this parallel by going back to the Ottoman Empire of the late 1800s. The first couple of Armenian committees, getting a whiff of the great trouble their nation was in... with European imperialists circling to cash in on its riches, and arch-foes like Russia instigating Ottoman Christians... started to harbor thoughts of abandoning ship, and to get a piece of the pie. The first group did not openly advocate violence; established in 1860, the "Benevolent Union"'s aim was to restore Cilicia, and some members were connected with the 1862 Zeitun troubles. As the years passed, Armenians started turning to terror, as with the establishment in Van of the Black Cross, a "Ku Klux Klan" like group. Come 1887 and 1890, the Hunchaks and Dashnaks were born, and there was no turning back. Their aim was revolution, implemented by means of murder, arson, extortion... pure terrorism.

While deceptive Armenian propaganda tells us the poor, innocent Armenians were always picked on, the fact is Armenians and Turks co-existed with relative harmony for centuries, and that Armenians were allowed to prosper to the extent of being, to a degree, the masters of Ottoman society. And as imperialists pretending to be protectors of Ottoman Christians kept leaning on the Sick Man for their own evil ends, Armenians received greater and greater freedoms, which only led to their committing greater and greater mischief, since nothing was going to satisfy the fanatics among them but to carve eastern Anatolia into a "Greater Armenia."

So to make it clear: Ottoman-Armenians were far from oppressed, as American blacks. Let's cut to the chase:
Let me draw a parallel imaginary case. Suppose that Mexico was a powerful and rival country with which we were at war, and suppose that we sent an army to the Mexican border to hold back the invading enemy; suppose further that not only the negroes in our army deserted to the enemy but those left at home organized and cut off our line of communication. What do you think we as a people, especially the Southerners, would do to the negroes? Our Negroes have ten times the excuse for hating the whites that the Armenians have for their attitude toward the Turks. They have no representation, although they have an overwhelming majority in large sections of the South, and have nothing to say in the making or administration of the laws under which they are governed. South of the Mason and Dixon line they are practically a subject race, while the Armenians in Turkey have not only full representation but special privileges not accorded by any other country.

The Turkish Government ordered the Armenians deported from the districts they menaced That they did not have railways and other means of transportation was not their fault, and the deportation had to be carried out on foot. That this was not done in the most humane manner possible is undoubtedly a fact, and the Turkish Government has condemned the unnecessary cruelties that occurred; but I feel confident that if America had been put in the hypothetical situation above referred to, it would have stopped that insurrection if it had had to kill every negro in the South, and would not have gone to the tedious and laborious defensive act of deportation, in spite of our extensive means of transportation.

Arthur Tremaine Chester, Angora and the Turks, 1923


In our more "modern" example, we are not talking about the "negroes" of 1923, but the freer, yet still not truly free, American blacks of the 1960s. One didn't find many blacks in the government of the 1960s, for example, while Ottoman-Armenians had attained important governmental posts for generations.

So let's build this parallel up. Let's imagine the USA was not as powerful during the Cold War of the 1960s, and the Soviet Union had a freer hand to destabilize the United States, as it did with the Turkey of the 1970s. (And as it did with the Ottoman Empire from the 19th century onwards.)

The Russians had given the "Turkish Armenians" 242,900 rubles, as reported in a February 1915 Dashnak conference, for the initial cost of arming their Armenian allies within the Ottoman Empire. This translates to over 13 million of today's dollars to "start riots" during WWI, and who knows how much more money Russia provided in the months to come.

Now let us imagine the Black Liberation Army operated similar to the Armenian Revolution Federation (ARF, or Dashnaks), and had a history of gaining control over most American blacks; over the last few decades, the BLA had succeeded in silencing opposition, by murdering fellow blacks seen as loyal to the American government, and poisoning the minds of the bulk of African-Americans, by drilling them with "the white man is the devil" propaganda. Things boiled up to the point where polarized whites and blacks were forced to choose sides.

The Soviet Union declares war on the USA. Remember, the USA, we are imagining, was not very strong; the nation's manpower and resources would be limited, and they'd be getting attacked on all sides by the Soviets and their satellites; most Americans would be convinced if the Soviets were to succeed, the Soviets would engage in an ethnic cleansing policy (as the Russians had attained an expertise in the Muslim-polishing off business, strategies the Armenians would go on to wholeheartedly embrace). In other words, this would be a true life-or-death war; if the Americans should lose, that would not only be the end of their country, but... as the dismal years progressed under conquest... possibly the ultimate end of Americans.

Cleverly, the Soviet Union makes sure to provide the BLA with over 13 million dollars to finance their rebellion. The Soviet Union promises the eastern coast to the black Americans, as a new homeland... a promise the Soviet Union certainly does not intend to keep, but the fanatical BLA leaders can't think straight, and delude themselves into believing the Soviets are their friends. (Exactly paralleling the situation with Tsarist Russia and the Ottoman Armenians.)

In the thick of this nightmare, blacks all over the United States, now totally beholden to the views of the BLA or too afraid to challenge them, conduct operations of treachery all over the United States. Sometimes they militarily rise to detract the resources and energies of the American Army, paving the way to a Soviet land invasion. When blacks succeed in gaining control of territories, they wipe out the residents not like them (an easy feat, considering most able-bodied Ameicans are defending the homeland on multiple fronts), having succumbed to the racist propaganda of the BLA.

Now, what would the United States government and people do, in this situation?

Everyone knows the answer to that question. What we don't know is how far the U.S. government and the American people would go. That is, would they find the wherewithal to actually conduct a temporary resettlement process as the Ottomans did, what Prof. Guenter Lewy correctly called a "relatively humane" process... in order to contain the threat by the treacherous black American community? Or would it be "shoot first, ask questions later"?


Remember too, the truth in Chester's words:

"Our Negroes have ten times the excuse for hating the whites that the Armenians have for their attitude toward the Turks."

American blacks have suffered immensely. Their history is one of slavery. Surely some would see such "payback" as a just course of action, giving white Americans a taste of their own murderous, oppressive medicine.

Now let's drop the imaginary scenario, and concentrate on the America of the 1960s and later, as it was.

These BLA terrorists were killing police officers.

No matter how "just" some would think their cause, what people on earth would tolerate such acts of violence, and of disturbing societal peace?

What people would not expect their government to do their duty, and to put down such violent terrorists, to practice the real "self-defense"?

Now everyone knows the answers to these questions.

So why are the people who support the Armenians completely blind to the realities that led to their so-called "genocide"? Why do they accept that when Armenian Dashnaks murdered Ottoman officials, that was justified, and whenever the Ottoman government tried to defend themselves against such terrorism, the government was committing "massacres"?

(Of course, most non-Armenian supporters of the "Armenian genocide" only believe in the propaganda they are spoon-fed, and don't know of these factual realities, which does not say much about their intellectualism. But what of the "genocide scholars" and other learned people who have a pretty good idea of the goings-on, and still apply a double-standard to the Turks? There are several reasons why these prople feel the way they do, and the core lies in racism.)

These pro-Armenians not only support the notion that Ottomans killed by Armenians was a perfectly defensible concept, but when Armenian terrorists killed Turkish diplomats during their terror spree of the 1970s-80s, most believed that the innocent Turks, born years after the events, deserved what they got. These pro-Armenians must have believed in the rationale of hateful Armenians of the period, such as this one, added to their existing feelings of racism.


The San Francisco police chief, Heather Fong, at a news conference yesterday with photographs of Sgt. John V. Young and Ronald S. Bridgeforth, who continues to be sought in the murder case from 1971. (Photo: Chiu, AP)

We're not getting into the specifics of the black movement, but the article we opened up sheds further light. An excerpt:

"It is a good day for police officers in New York and San Francisco and everywhere else," Mr. (NY Police Commissioner Raymond) Kelly said in a telephone interview from Washington. "It underscores the fact that the law enforcement community is never going to forget."

Particularly in these terrorism-intolerant times, most Americans, including most black Americans, are going to say, GOOD. These murderers got what they deserved. After all, they killed police officers. Who the hell did they think they are, killing police officers? We don't give a damn about their "cause," nobody has the right to resort to such violence, threatening the security of us all.

And they would be right to express such outrage. It is the outrage all people would feel in their own societies.

(In this case, to be precise, one cop was killed, and a civilian was wounded. And to repeat, these men were additiionally charged with "waging a violent five-year battle against the police and federal authorities," further described as a Dashnak-style " 'conspiracy to kill law enforcement officers' from 1968 to 1973, a plan that included the murders of two New York police officers, four attempted murders of law enforcement personnel, the bombing of a police officers' funeral at a San Francisco church and the attempted bombing of another San Francisco police station, as well as three bank robberies...")

On the other hand, we know the police can sometimes abuse their power... in the United States, and in all countries of the world. In their rush to convict, particularly against criminals who hurt their fellow police, some police detectives may not go about their business in an honorable fashion.

For example, we are given a taste of the "other side" in this article:

A lawyer who represents Mr. Bell, Stuart Hanlon, said he thought that the case against Mr. Bell was based on a 30-year-old confession by a suspected Black Panther member that a judge threw out in the mid-'70s because it had been physically coerced. "I think the police are outraged, and rightfully so, that one of their own was gunned down," Mr. Hanlon said. "They believe they are right. But the belief does not make it so."

Now (not knowing any of the other details, but approaching the matter solely from what this article is telling us), some of us would have alarm bells going off at this point. You mean one of these men was probably arrested on the "say-so" of someone else that had already been rejected in a courtroom of law? Something could be fishy. Is it possible that revenge-minded police rushed to judgment, and did not do their professional duty?

But you know what? Most Americans are not going to think that way. Most Americans are going to say. "GOOD. These murderers got what they deserved. After all, they killed police officers. Who the hell did they think they are, killing police officers?"

Now there were times when Ottoman-Armenians were no doubt arrested and sentenced unfairly. Police officers are human; aside from the handful who are corrupt, they can make mistakes.

Most people, however, apply a zero tolerance to Ottoman authorities having made mistakes in the case of Armenians, or more importantly, against Armenians who really were guilty. (Ironically, many Armenian terrorists were given sentences not commensurate to their murderous crimes, as Hamparsum "Murad" Boyadjian, or allowed to go free, like "Armen Garo" Pastermadjian [see last link]... only to come back and commit their murderous crimes anew. Mainly because of the protection of the imperialists.) Isn't that interesting.

The Ottoman authorities were exposed to increasingly wide scale Armenian disturbances, treachery and violence over the span of some forty years, and any cop in similar circumtances would find it a challenge to maintain their professional objectivity. Yet here, the BLA, fighting for a "cause" they had real historical reasons to flip out over, killed a few people, and it will be hard going today to find folks to look at them sympathetically.

----------------------------------------------------
© Holdwater
 © www.tallarmeniantale.com
The source site of this article gets revised often, as better information comes along. For the most up-to-date version, and the related photos, the reader may consider reviewing the direct link as follows:


www.tallarmeniantale.com/blacks-vs-armenians.htm
-----------------------------------------------------


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